The american holocaust by david stannard. David E. Stannard AMERICAN HOLOCAUST Columbus and the Conquest of the New World 2022-10-19
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The comparison between the Indian genocide and The Holocaust is also discussed in this light. Chapter 4 In this chapter, Stannard takes on the Black Legend. He had been a slave trader before becoming an explorer and brought native slaves back with him to Spain. Vivid and relentless, combining a formidable array of primary sources with meticulous analysis—a devastating reassessment of the Conquest as nothing less than a holy war, one that continues today from Guatemala to the sands of Arabia. Nothing can be done to improve the past, but we can at least face it. What kind of people, he asks, do such horrendous things to others? Iroquoian women headed the family long-house, and much of the economic and ceremonial life centered on the agricultural activities of women. The Americans also mistreated the Indigenous not treating them equally.
American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard
You won't find this in your high school history books, because it's too gruesome. One of the core issues behind Stannard's stubborn devotion to an idealist conception of causality is his rejection of the materialist understanding of how ideology propagates. Being of Native American heritage myself, I used to think that Columbus started the destruct This book is difficult to review. A lesson in empathy and a masterwork of historiography and scholarly thinking. I then added ten pages of an appendix focused entirely on that topic. Noting that conventional opinion in some quarters holds that racism was an invention of the late eighteenth or the nineteenth century, I spent a good deal of time in the text demonstrating the suitability of the term to describe aspects of Western thought and behavior prior to the eighteenth century, with particular reference to the treatment of indigenous peoples. Digging deeply into ancient European and Christian attitudes toward sex, race, and war, he finds the cultural ground well prepared by the end of the Middle Ages for the centuries-long genocide campaign that Europeans and their descendants launched—and in places continue to wage—against the New World's original inhabitants.
American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard
He leaves out crucial details, however, such as federal political retaliation after the Sand Creek Massacre, which obviously didn't extend very heavily, any more than Federal attempts to slow gold rush "immigration" of invading Europeans , yet did shift opinions in policy to create the Indian Peace Commission. Indeed, as historian David E. Failing to find gold, the Iberians instead set up encomienda plantations on Hispaniola and enslaved the natives to provide a labor force. The second part is the most emotionally gripping, dealing with the wholesale slaughter of the native peoples at the hands of the Europeans. Stannard reveals that wherever Europeans or white Americans went, the native people were caught between imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, typically resulting in the annihilation of 95 percent of their populations. I didnot like the obsession and comparision with the 40s holocaust.
The book is split into three parts, the first and shortest of which provides remarkable insight into the great variety of indigenous peoples that po THE HOLOCAUST IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE David Stannard's "American Holocaust", aptly published during the ahistorical hoo-hah that marked the 500th year since Columbus "discovered" the Americas, takes as its subject the genocidal destruction of the Native Americans in north, south and central America in the aftermath of the western European invasion. Genocide on this scale has no parallel, but Stannard carefully links the New World bloodbath with Christian assaults against other groups of nonbelievers and perceived subhumans through the centuries, from Jews and Muslims to the tribes of Africa, showing a consistent pattern of extermination based on racial preference, sexual asceticism, and the tenets of faith—a pattern from which the Nazi's Final Solution was, he says, a logical outgrowth. Seeing other people as "beasts" is still used today to justify their persecution. The fighting, dubbed pacification, went on for months. Retrieved 10 January 2022— via Gale.
The hostility, violence, massacres, displacement and brutal labouring conditions that they visited upon the Natives increased the already appaling death rate, and even those Native groups left undisturbed to recover from the deadly European diseases were subsequently destroyed and displaced by European violence alone. This and many more interesting facts are found in this overall depressing book. Afterwards, the Europeans colonized along the coast line, the British taking North America and the Spanish remaining down in Central and South America. For example, many thought that the population of both north and south America was around 20ish million pre-Columbus. An astute analysis of the greatest holocaust of peoples in world history - along with the conditions that have shrouded it in darkness, lies and purposely constructed illusions - in the context of brutality as a whole.
American Holocaust: Columbus and the Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard
But I like to think that they saw the light, and that they recognised that so-called primitive peoples had civilised values that exceeded those of the continent from which they had come. A good counterpoint to the hagiographies of "western civilization. I appreciated that the author spent a good deal of time to discuss Christianity's origin and how it has influenced perceptions of who is truly human, who can be converted to the religion, and who must be purged. Stannard argues in this stunning new book, the European and white American destruction of the native peoples of the Americas was the most massive act of genocide in the history of the world. Inspite of knowing the ugliness of this world , I , call it naive, had a naive sense of justice. From an ethical standpoint, works such as Stannard's are necessary to counterbalance the ethnocentricities of past historical works on Natives.
At its head the Church was mired in corruption, while the ranks below were dispirited and increasingly disillusioned. I boiled with fury throughout for a multitude of reasons: the priceless history that was lost forever when the Spanish invaded, the tens of millions of lives lost, the whitewashed trash that is fed schoolchildren by the public education system, the plague that christianity has been on this earth since it's inception, the racism that permeates society and how easily that racism is wielded into genocide, and the fact that the genocide against Native People hasn't actually stopped - it's just slightly less outright. Advancing a thesis that is sure to create much controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the American Holocaust drew on the same ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust. Initially thinking was that this would put people in the Americas around 12,000BC, but newer evidence dates some artifacts in Mexico to 20,000 years prior to that. Of particular interest were the segments that discussed the development of the religious-racial justification for the slaughter of Indians and Jews in Europe and the placing of this ideological development in the historical context which ultimately lead to the Holocaust. He was also a man with sufficient intolerance and contempt for all who did not look or behave or believe as he did, that he thought nothing of enslaving or killing such people simply because they were not like him. The book was difficult to read because of the descriptions of what had been done to the natives and how they had been treated but it's something that's never even touched on in history classes in the United States.
20 Cf David E Stannard American Holocaust The Conquest of The New World xiv 1992
Stannard deals with the question of the diseases the Europeans inadvertently brought with them though eventually a few enterprising pioneers of Biological warfare hit on the idea of giving Native Americans blankets which had previously been used by small pox victims for which Native Americans had no immunity. Every school should have to teach this book to children alonside with the first Thanksgiving to give some much needed perspective. I particularly reference here the proportions of Indians killed as more recent research would seem to suggest that in reality much of the killing was already complete by the time large scale European immigration took place and was committed in the largest part by European microbes. These great efforts, too, appeared to have largely failed. Once the city was taken, the cruelties and depredations did not cease.