Culture is a complex concept that encompasses a wide range of ideas, values, and behaviors that are shared by a group of people. It is often described as the ideational aspect of society, as it encompasses the shared beliefs, values, and norms that shape the way people think, feel, and behave.
One way to understand the ideational nature of culture is to consider the role that language plays in shaping our understanding of the world. Language is a key component of culture, as it provides a shared system of communication that allows people to express their thoughts and ideas. It also shapes the way we think about the world, as the words we use to describe concepts and phenomena influence our understanding of them. For example, the words we use to describe emotions and feelings can vary greatly from one language to another, and this can shape the way we experience and express those emotions.
In addition to language, culture is also shaped by other ideational factors such as religion, art, and literature. These forms of expression allow people to express their beliefs, values, and emotions, and they can have a powerful impact on the way people think and behave. For example, religious beliefs and practices can shape the way people view the world and their place in it, and can influence their attitudes towards certain moral issues. Similarly, art and literature can provide a means of expressing and exploring complex ideas, and can inspire people to think in new and creative ways.
Another important aspect of culture is the way it is transmitted from one generation to the next. This is often done through socialization, which is the process through which children learn the values, beliefs, and behaviors of their culture. This can occur through a variety of means, such as through family, schools, and other social institutions. As children grow and develop, they internalize these cultural values and incorporate them into their own identities, shaping the way they think and behave as adults.
In conclusion, culture is a complex and multifaceted concept that encompasses the ideational aspects of society. It is shaped by language, religion, art, literature, and socialization, and it influences the way people think, feel, and behave. Understanding the ideational nature of culture is essential for understanding the diversity of human societies and the ways in which they are shaped and influenced by shared beliefs, values, and norms.