Texas house bill 588. Education in Texas 2022-10-27
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Texas House Bill 588, also known as the Texas Privacy Act, was a controversial piece of legislation introduced in the Texas House of Representatives in 2017. The bill aimed to protect the privacy of individuals using restrooms and changing facilities by requiring individuals to use facilities that correspond with the sex listed on their birth certificate.
The bill faced significant opposition from LGBTQ+ advocacy groups and allies, who argued that it would discriminate against transgender individuals and potentially lead to harassment and violence. Opponents also pointed out that the bill would have practical difficulties in implementation, as it would require individuals to present their birth certificate in order to use certain facilities, a requirement that many people do not have on hand and that would be difficult to enforce.
Despite this opposition, the bill passed in the Texas House of Representatives and was signed into law by Governor Greg Abbott. However, it faced a number of legal challenges and was ultimately struck down by a federal court in 2018, which found that the law violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
In the wake of this decision, many advocates hailed the ruling as a victory for transgender rights and a step towards greater equality and acceptance for all individuals. However, the debate surrounding the Texas Privacy Act highlights the ongoing struggle for transgender individuals to be treated with respect and dignity, and the need for continued advocacy and education on these issues.
Texas House Bill 588, the "Top 10% Rule" (1997)
A grant awarded under the program must be applied first to the payment of tuition and mandatory fees at an eligible institution. Retrieved October 12, 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2021. Retrieved October 25, 2014. The 36 separate and distinct public universities exist in Texas, of which 32 belong to one of the six state university systems.
Chapter 56, Education Code, is amended by adding Subchapter U to read as follows: SUBCHAPTER U. The institution may require a student so identified to enroll during the summer immediately after the student is admitted under this section to participate in appropriate enrichment courses and orientation programs. The law has drawn praise and criticism alike. Retrieved April 27, 2011. University of Houston System. Cross over it, but build no house on it.
An act relating to uniform admission and reporting procedures for institutions of higher education. Texas House Bill 588, commonly referred to as the "Top 10% Rule", is a Texas law passed in 1997. TEXAS PROMISE GRANT PROGRAM Sec. Students must still find the means to pay, and may not achieve their desired choice of major. History The bill had one primary author, four joint authors and four coauthors. News' 2006 list for "most students studying abroad.
Retrieved 22 May 2021. PVAMU offers baccalaureate degrees in 50 academic majors, 37 master's degrees and four doctoral degree programs through nine colleges and schools. Under a policy such as Texas' Top 10% plan, it is believed that student enrollment for minority students specifically would follow a mismatch hypothesis. It is the intent of the legislature that all institutions of higher education pursue academic excellence by considering students' academic achievements in decisions related to admissions. UT System Chancellor Francisco Cigarroa and UT-Austin President William Powers Jr. This is the same automatic admission threshold in use for the summer and fall of 2021 and spring of 2022. This Act takes effect immediately if it receives a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, as provided by Section 39, Article III, Texas Constitution.
This hypothesis predicts that the rates of minority students graduation and retention would improve under the newly established plan in opposition to affirmative action. Texas House Bill 588, commonly referred to as the "Top 10% Rule", is a The law guarantees Texas students who graduated in the top ten percent of their Hopwood. Although the state has established territorial jurisdictions for each college, the colleges themselves are governed by local boards of trustees, and are financed mainly through local property taxes. Retrieved 22 May 2021. Retrieved October 12, 2007. The TEA is divided into twenty Educational Service Center "regions" that serve the local school districts. The primary author was Irma Rangel D.
The law guarantees Texas students who graduated in the top ten percent of their high school class automatic admission to all state-funded universities. Retrieved February 21, 2020. . Retrieved September 15, 2012. The law has drawn praise and criticism alike.
Because of changing demographic trends, diversity, and population increases in the state, each general academic teaching institution shall also consider all of, any of, or a combination of the following socioeconomic indicators or factors in making first-time freshman admissions decisions: 1 the applicant's academic record; 2 the socioeconomic background of the applicant, including the percentage by which the applicant's family is above or below any recognized measure of poverty, the applicant's household income, and the applicant's parents' level of education; 3 whether the applicant would be the first generation of the applicant's family to attend or graduate from an institution of higher education; 4 whether the applicant has bilingual proficiency; 5 the financial status of the applicant's school district; 6 the performance level of the applicant's school as determined by the school accountability criteria used by the Texas Education Agency; 7 the applicant's responsibilities while attending school, including whether the applicant has been employed, whether the applicant has helped to raise children, or other similar factors; 8 the applicant's region of residence; 9 whether the applicant is a resident of a rural or urban area or a resident of a central city or suburban area in the state; 10 the applicant's performance on standardized tests; 11 the applicant's performance on standardized tests in comparison with that of other students from similar socioeconomic backgrounds; 12 whether the applicant attended any school while the school was under a court-ordered desegregation plan; 13 the applicant's involvement in community activities; 14 the applicant's extracurricular activities; 15 the applicant's commitment to a particular field of study; 16 the applicant's personal interview; 17 the applicant's admission to a comparable accredited out-of-state institution; and 18 any other consideration the institution considers necessary to accomplish the institution's stated mission. The University would admit the top 1 percent, the top 2 percent and so forth until the cap is reached, beginning with the 2011 entering class. Retrieved 22 May 2021. A person may become eligible to receive a grant under the program in a subsequent semester or term if the person: 1 completes a semester or term during which the student is not eligible for a grant; and 2 meets all the requirements of Subsection a. In addition to the main campus in Plainview, Wayland maintains campuses in Amarillo, Lubbock, San Antonio, and Wichita Falls in Texas, It also maintains campuses out of Texas in Albuquerque, NM; Altus, OK; Anchorage, AK; Clovis, NM; Fairbanks, AK; Mililani, HI; Phoenix, AZ; and Sierra Vista, AZ. This section does not prohibit a student who is not determined to need additional preparation for college-level work from enrolling, if the student chooses, during the summer immediately after the student is admitted under this section. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
A 2007 measure HB78 was introduced during the 80th Regular Session 2007 but never made it out of committee. Retrieved January 6, 2012. The report shall include a demographic breakdown, including a breakdown by race, ethnicity, and economic status, of the students admitted under Sections 51. University of Texas Health Science Center. SECTION 3 The importance of this legislation and the crowded condition of the calendars in both houses create an emergency and an imperative public necessity that the constitutional rule requiring bills to be read on three several days in each house be suspended, and this rule is hereby suspended. For that purpose, the coordinating board may adopt the initial rules in the manner provided by law for emergency rules. SECTION 2 a The change in law made by this Act applies beginning with admissions and scholarships for the fall term or semester in 1998.
Retrieved 22 May 2021. ADMINISTRATION OF PROGRAM; AWARD OF GRANT. UT Austin then reinstated affirmative action for the seats not filled by the Top Ten Percent law. Sam Houston State University. UNIFORM ADMISSION POLICY Sec. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS: Section 1 Chapter 51, Education Code, is amended by adding Subchapter S to read as follows: SUBCHAPTER S.