Haig battle of the somme. General Haig and the battle of the somme 2022-10-30
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Was General Haig to Blame for so Many Deaths at the Battle of the Somme? Essay Example
But now, for the first time, their staff work showed signs of disorder and demoralization. I think that both sources are useful in their own way but source H makes more sense to me because it is from a man that was there living the moment and not from some digitally retouched or staged scenes in source I because in that source half of the pictures are staged 5 miles behind the front lines. Dan interviews the brilliant historian Nick Lloyd, author of The Western Front who tells a much more nuanced account of the Western Front. To deal in any detail even with these without touching on the smaller fights and the ceaseless work in the trenches continuing day and night for five months, is not possible here. We know this because the trenches seen in the picture on source I are not deep enough to be real trenches and there are no duck boards, dugouts and the infantry have no backpacks on and in the battle of the Somme there wore heavy backpacks as they were told they could walk across no mans land without being shot. Retrieved 22 May 2022. Posts were established at Arrow Head Copse and Waterlot Farm,vwhile we had troops thrown forward in Delville Wood and towards High Wood, though their position was not yet secure.
The enemy could not escape, as we held the trench at the southern end. Not only were the armies bigger, but so were the fronts. We were that handful. Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig. An attempt on the 16th August to carry out the first stage of the pre-arranged scheme met with only partial success, and two days later, after a preliminary bombardment, lasting thirty-six hours, a larger combined attack was undertaken. On our right the enemy was driven from his last foothold in Trones Wood, and by 8.
He was created Earl Haig in 1919 and worked after the war to assist men who had served in it. These localities were naturally very strong, and they had been elaborately fortified. Then we had to march round in a circle and sing, and that vent no better. By the summer of 1916, the German attack at Verdun had left the French unable to commit forces on the scale they had envisioned. On the southern face of this watershed, the general trend of which is from east-south-east to west-north-west, the ground falls in a series of long irregular spurs and deep depressions to the valley of the Somme. Their tenacity was of the utmost value, and contributed very largely to the success of the operations. I believe General Haig did deserve to be named Butcher of the Somme for several reasons.
Any one of these three results is in itself sufficient to justify the Somme battle. I desire to point out, however, that the maintenance of mastery in the air, which is essential, entails a constant and liberal supply of the most up-to-date machines, without which even the most skilful pilots cannot succeed. But though the centre of our line was well placed, on our flanks there was still difficult ground to be won. Source B2 is reliable because of the fact that it was written during the Somme so because of that it is a Primary source. Since the attack of the 7th July the enemy in and about Ovillers had been pressed relentlessly, and gradually driven back by incessant bombing attacks and local assaults, in accordance with the general instructions I had given to General Sir Hubert Gough. The original Allied estimate of casualties on the Somme, made at the Chantilly Conference on 15 November 1916, was that the Germans suffered 630,000 casualties, exceeding the 485,000 suffered by the British and French.
He was described by his superiors as a born leader and as such it was no surprise to the establishment when he was selected to lead the British in Europe. But the Somme battle has placed beyond doubt the ability of the Allies to gain those objects. They formed, in short, not merely a series of successive lines, but one composite system of enormous depth and strength. Falkenhayn, and then Hindenburg and Ludendorff, were forced to send divisions to Russia throughout the summer to prevent a collapse of the Austro-Hungarian army and then to conduct a counter-offensive against 112 German divisions on the Western Front and 52 divisions in Russia and in November there were 121 divisions in the west and 76 divisions in the east. As the southern part of the lost position commanded our trenches I judged it necessary to recover it, and by an attack launched on the 13th June, carefully prepared and well executed, this was successfully accomplished by the troops on the spot.
Preparations for a further attack upon Ginchy continued without intermission, and at 4. During the succeeding days the attack was continued on these lines. There are many reasons why people blame General Haig for the failure of the battle. General Haig was a cavalryman and did not know much about infantry warfare so was not experienced for this type of warfare. Nearly 1,000 prisoners were secured by the Fourth Army in the course of these operations. Throughout the operations the whole Army has worked with a remarkable absence of friction and with a self-sacrifice and whole-hearted devotion to the common cause which is beyond praise.
The Battle of Somme started in July 1st 1916. The main plan of action was to kill all the German soldiers and destroy the German trenches. Field Marshal Douglas Haig returned from the First World War to throngs of adoring fans. The admirable work of this Corps has been a very satisfactory feature of the battle. Here and north of the valley of the Ancre as far as Serre, on the left flank of our attack, our initial successes were not sustained. Opposite Mametz part of our assembly trenches had been practically levelled by the enemy artillery, making it necessary for our infantry to advance to the attack across 400 yards of open ground.
I had entrusted the attack on the front from Maricourt to Serre to the Fourth Army, under the command of General Sir Henry S. The Allies failed to British Official History. After this information General Haig sent out a message back to England and his troops in source E: 30th June 1916 the day before the attack started " the barbed wire has never been so well cut, never the artillery preparation so thorough. Practically the whole of the forward crest of the main ridge, on a front of some 9,000 yards from Delville Wood to the road above Mouquet Farm, was now in our hands, and with it the advantage of observation over the slopes beyond. The dugouts were crowded, so that they had to take turns to get into these shelters, and outside our shells were bursting over every yard of ground.
Why Did Haig Deserve To Be Called The Butcher Of The Somme
These then waved white handkerchiefs in token of surrender, and when this was reported by the aeroplane the infantry accepted the surrender of the garrison. Haig consulted with the army commanders and on 17 October reduced the scope of operations by cancelling the Third Army plans and reducing the Reserve Army and Fourth Army attacks to limited operations, in co-operation with the French Sixth Army. The style of warfare in which we have been engaged offered no scope for cavalry action, with the exception of the one instance already mentioned, in which a small body of cavalry gave useful assistance in the advance on High Wood. It has shown great tenacity in defence. That evening, after heavy artillery preparation, the enemy launched two more powerful counterattacks, the one directed against our new position in and around High Wood and the other delivered from the north-west of Delville Wood.
He was born into a wealthy family that had good business. Withdrawing to the new line was not an easy decision and the German high command struggled over it during the winter of 1916—1917. Source: Source Records of the Great War, Vol. The German Command expected a heavy blow, and prepared for it, but as yet had no knowledge of the driving force behind it. The Somme was called the "Bath of Blood" by the German troops who waded across its shell-craters, and in the ditches which were heaped with their dead. The French Sixth Army and the right wing of the British Fourth Army inflicted a considerable defeat on the German Second Army, but from the Albert—Bapaume road to Gommecourt the British attack was a disaster where most of the c.