Principles of growth and development in psychology. Growth and Development 2022-10-23
Principles of growth and development in psychology Rating:
Growth and development are central concepts in psychology, referring to the changes that occur in an individual's psychological, physical, and social functioning over the course of their lifetime. These processes are shaped by a variety of factors, including genetics, environmental influences, and personal experiences.
One principle of growth and development is that it is a continuous process that begins at conception and continues throughout an individual's lifespan. From the moment of conception, an individual begins to develop and grow in a number of ways, including physical, cognitive, and social-emotional. These processes are influenced by both nature and nurture, with genetics providing a foundation for development and the environment shaping and molding an individual's growth and development.
Another principle is that growth and development follow a predictable pattern or sequence, although the pace of development can vary greatly from one individual to another. For example, infants and young children go through a series of predictable stages of physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development, such as learning to crawl, walk, and talk. Adolescents and adults also go through predictable stages of development, such as the development of identity, independence, and relationships with others.
A third principle of growth and development is that it is influenced by a wide range of factors, including genetics, environment, and personal experiences. Genetics play a role in an individual's development by providing a foundation for certain characteristics and abilities, such as height, eye color, and intelligence. The environment also plays a significant role in an individual's development, as it provides the stimuli and opportunities for growth and learning. Personal experiences, including both positive and negative life events, can also have a significant impact on an individual's development.
In conclusion, the principles of growth and development in psychology highlight the continuous and predictable nature of these processes, and the complex interplay between genetics, environment, and personal experiences in shaping an individual's development. Understanding these principles can help individuals and society better support and promote healthy growth and development throughout the lifespan.
Principles Of Growth And Development Of Children
The study of developmental psychology is essential to understanding how humans learn, mature and adapt. Development is the product of maturation and learning. A physical defect may be responsible for the development certain attitudes and social adjustments. The primary stage during the anal stage is low libido, the control of ones blunders and movements of the bowel. The child grows more rapidly during early years and slowly during the later years. One of the most important principles of development is that involves individual differences. However, most psychologists agree that an interplay o these two factors leads to development.
According to Freud human mind is a composition of the identity, ego and the super ego. Also Read Kohlberg Theory of Moral Development-B. The Phallic Stage The third stage of the child development. The child struggles against these in his striving toward maturity. Work cited Erikson, E. Introduction A number of principles characterize human Growth and development.
Sequential pattern of development can be seen in two directions. Development Proceeds from General to Specific 6. Development is the progressive acquisition of various skills and abilities such as head support, speaking, learning, expressing the feelings and relating with other people. Given your knowledge from the lesson, what information would be most important to share with them e. By the time the child is two months old, it develops enough strength to hold its head up on its own and to control its facial movements. It is a continous process. Thomson Wards worth publishers.
Thus availability of healthy diet like protein, vitamins, amino acid, zinc, calcium etc plays a major role in the development and growth of a child. There may be a break in the continuity of growth due to illness, starvation or malnutrition or other environmental factors or some abnormal conditions in the child life. Instead, the orthogenetic principle states that development proceeds from the simple to the complex. Differences in special aptitudes seem to be the most marked of all. There are also certain universal principles of growth and development that describe how the process of growth takes place.
Neither heredity nor environment is the sole factor responsible for the development of a child. He babbles before he talks, he is dependent on others before he achieves dependence on self. Individual differences are caused by differences in hereditary endowment and environmental influences. In his study of human development analysis though psycho analytical theory demonstrates mental process that we rationally reflect and converse Robison, 1968. With growth, there is an increase of experiences and these produce more and more complex emotional reactions to more and more complicated situations.
Rate of Development Varies Person to Person 5. The principles are: 1. Both are responsible for human growth and development. Proximodistal Principle The proximodistal principle also describes the direction of development. The major domains of development are physical, cognitive, language, and social-emotional. In the emotional field, the baby first responds to all strange objects with a general fear.
It is the subject matter of the discipline known as developmental psychology. What are the 4 main types of growth and development? For example, the human body cuts his molars before his incisors, can stands before he walks and can draw, a circle before he can draw a square. That is why, in the beginning, the child is seen to exercise control over the large fundamental muscles of the arm and then hand and only afterward over the smaller muscles of the fingers. These factors are intelligence, sex, glands of internal secretion, nutrition, fresh air and sunlight, injuries, accidents and diseases, position in the family, psychological conditions in the family matrix, social roles and cultural demands. An emotional disturbance may contribute to difficulties in eating or sleeping. There is a set of principles that characterizes the pattern and process of growth and development.
Idiots and imbeciles are often the smallest of the feebleminded group. In the next few month, they are able to lift themselves up using their arms. One of them is Gesell. The control of muscles of the trunk precedes that of the muscles of the arms and legs. Ones over-indulgent people are stated to have such tactics.
What are the Principles of growth and development in psychology?
Equipped with this knowledge they should provide suitable opportunities and favourable environmental facilities which are conducive to the maximum growth of children. Middle Adulthood 31-60 - Peak of career life 8. . For example, speech does not come over-night. Educational psychology and adult learning assesses the complexity of the forces that support learning and motivation.
Development from head to foot or toe. These all stages follow the sequence pattern of sound. Principles of cephalocaudal and proximodistal image source: 11. These factors affect different phases of development at different stages in varying degrees. Characteristics of Parents e.