Achrestic anemia, also known as hypochromic anemia, is a type of anemia characterized by the production of red blood cells that are smaller and paler in color than normal. This condition is caused by a deficiency of iron, folic acid, or vitamin B12 in the body, which can lead to a variety of symptoms.
One of the most common symptoms of achrestic anemia is fatigue or weakness. This can occur because the body does not have enough red blood cells to deliver oxygen to the tissues and organs, leading to a decrease in energy levels. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, and pale skin.
In addition to these physical symptoms, achrestic anemia may also cause psychological symptoms such as irritability, difficulty concentrating, and depression. This is because the lack of oxygen in the body can affect brain function.
Achrestic anemia is typically diagnosed through a blood test called a complete blood count (CBC). This test measures the number and size of red blood cells, as well as other important indicators of anemia such as hemoglobin and hematocrit levels.
Treatment for achrestic anemia typically involves increasing the intake of iron, folic acid, or vitamin B12 through diet or supplements. Foods that are high in these nutrients include red meat, poultry, fish, beans, leafy green vegetables, and fortified cereals. In more severe cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary.
It is important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing symptoms of achrestic anemia, as left untreated, this condition can lead to more serious complications such as heart problems. With proper treatment, however, achrestic anemia can be managed and the symptoms can be relieved.
Achrestic Anemia (Achrestic Anaemia): Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
If you have cancer, kidney failure or another chronic condition, you could be at risk of anemia of chronic disease. It's important to determine the source of iron deficiency to prevent recurrence of the anemia. This nutrient, and its synthetic form folic acid, can be found in fruits and fruit juices, dark green leafy vegetables, green peas, kidney beans, peanuts, and enriched grain products, such as bread, cereal, pasta and rice. Approach to the adult patient with anemia. Without iron supplementation, this type of anemia occurs in many pregnant women. Causes Anemia can be due to a condition present at birth congenital or to a condition you develop acquired.
When to see a doctor Make an appointment with your doctor if you feel fatigued and you don't know why. In general, women who haven't had menopause have a greater risk of iron deficiency anemia than do men and postmenopausal women. Having an intestinal disorder that affects the absorption of nutrients in your small intestine — such as Crohn's disease and celiac disease — puts you at risk of anemia. It can be a warning sign of serious illness. Foods rich in vitamin B-12 include meat, dairy products, and fortified cereal and soy products. Depending on the causes of your anemia, you might have no symptoms. A potentially fatal form of chronic progressive macrocytic anemia in which the changes in bone marrow and circulating blood closely resemble those of pernicious anemia, but there is only transient or no response to therapy with vitamin B 12; glossitis, gastrointestinal disturbances, central nervous system disease, and pyrexia are not observed; there is little bleeding or hemolysis.
. Among older people, anemia is associated with an increased risk of death. This can lead to vitamin deficiency anemia, also known as pernicious anemia. Causes of aplastic anemia include infections, certain medicines, autoimmune diseases and exposure to toxic chemicals. People over age 65 are at increased risk of anemia. You can inherit a hemolytic anemia, or you can develop it later in life. The effects of these types of cancer and cancer-like disorders vary from mild to life-threatening.
Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to all parts of your body and to carry carbon dioxide from other parts of the body to your lungs to be exhaled. This inherited and sometimes serious condition is a hemolytic anemia. American Society of Hematology. Overview Anemia is a condition in which you lack enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body's tissues. Iron-rich foods include beef and other meats, beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables and dried fruit.
Pregnant women with folate deficiency anemia can be more likely to have complications, such as premature birth. Certain blood diseases increase red blood cell destruction. To produce hemoglobin and red blood cells, your body needs iron, vitamin B-12, folate and other nutrients from the foods you eat. Anemia can be temporary or long term and can range from mild to severe. In most cases, anemia has more than one cause. Some people who consume enough B-12 aren't able to absorb the vitamin.
Office of Dietary Supplements. But symptoms worsen as anemia worsens. Having anemia, also referred to as low hemoglobin, can make you feel tired and weak. Losing a lot of blood quickly results in acute, severe anemia and can be fatal. Office of Dietary Supplements. A variety of diseases, such as leukemia and myelofibrosis, can cause anemia by affecting blood production in your bone marrow.
When you're anemic your heart pumps more blood to make up for the lack of oxygen in the blood. Your bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin. Alcoholism, exposure to toxic chemicals and the use of some medications can affect red blood cell production and lead to anemia. Severe anemia can make you so tired that you can't complete everyday tasks. Causes of anemia Different types of anemia have different causes. Anemia occurs when your blood doesn't have enough red blood cells. Without adequate iron, your body can't produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells.
These conditions can lead to a shortage of red blood cells. Anemia can lead to a rapid or irregular heartbeat arrhythmia. Structure of the marrow and the hematopoietic microenvironment. Slow, chronic blood loss from an ulcer or other source within your body can deplete your body's store of iron, leading to iron deficiency anemia. Hematologic aspects of parasitic diseases. If you're told that you can't donate because of low hemoglobin, make an appointment with your doctor. Menstruation causes the loss of red blood cells.