Sectionalism us history. Sectionalism in the American History 2022-10-13
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Sectionalism refers to the division of a country or region into distinct sections, each with its own distinct interests, values, and identity. In the United States, sectionalism has played a significant role in the country's history, shaping its political and cultural landscape.
One of the earliest and most significant examples of sectionalism in American history was the conflict between the North and the South over issues such as slavery and states' rights. The North and the South developed distinct economies, with the North becoming industrialized and the South remaining agrarian. This led to differences in their political and social values, with the North advocating for abolition of slavery and the South defending it as a cornerstone of their economy.
The issue of slavery eventually led to the American Civil War, which was fought between the Northern and Southern states from 1861 to 1865. The conflict was the culmination of decades of tensions between the two regions and resulted in the deaths of over 600,000 soldiers and civilians. The war ended with the defeat of the Confederacy and the abolition of slavery, but it also left a lasting legacy of division and bitterness between the North and the South.
Sectionalism also played a role in the development of the American West. The expansion of the United States into the western territory was a source of conflict between the North and the South, as each region sought to protect its own interests and values. The Homestead Act of 1862, which granted land to settlers in the West, was seen as a victory for the North, as it allowed Northern farmers to migrate westward and expand their influence.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, sectionalism continued to shape American politics, as different regions of the country aligned with different political parties and interests. The Republican Party, which was dominant in the North, was seen as more progressive and supportive of industrialization, while the Democratic Party, which was dominant in the South, was more conservative and supportive of agriculture.
Today, sectionalism continues to be a significant factor in American politics, as different regions of the country often have different political ideologies and priorities. However, the United States has also made significant progress in reducing regional tensions and promoting national unity, as exemplified by the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, which aimed to end discrimination and segregation in the South and promote equality for all Americans.
In conclusion, sectionalism has played a significant role in the history of the United States, shaping its political, economic, and cultural landscape. While it has often been a source of conflict and division, the country has also made progress in promoting national unity and addressing regional tensions.
Though most southerners did not own slaves, many had religious, racist, and social views that felt slavery benefited white society and the southern economy; some even believed it benefited the enslaved peoples. Sectionalism has a significant influence on the decisions of the government and Congress. On May 25, Brown and his sons attacked three cabins along Pottawatomie Creek. The Proviso stated that slavery should be prohibited from any territory won by Mexico. According to the Missouri Compromise, Missouri would be admitted as a slave state, but the state of Maine would be created as a free state to maintain the balance of power. Congress also decided that in the future, all states admitted West of Missouri, below the line, extending from the southern Missouri border would be slave states, and states above this line would be free states.
Sectionalism in U.S. History: Definition & Conflict Flashcards
Antebellum: The Maine and Missouri Compromise The state of Missouri yellow was established as a slave state by the Maine-Missouri Compromise. Meanwhile, Northerners argued that Americans living in a territory were entitled to local self-government and thus could outlaw slavery at any time if they allowed it. I certainly would not willingly have my rights stripped from me. Sectionalism is the loyalty of a person to a region or section of a country instead of the entire nation. Only one southern state, Missouri, voted for the Democratic Party's candidate, Stephen A. Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States over a deeply divided Democratic Party, becoming the first Republican to win the presidency.
For instance, political and social sectionalism between Northerners and Southerners were some of many factors which culminated in the American Civil War in 1861. Many Northern states passed special legislation in an attempt to circumvent them. Slavery-based sectionalism did not go away, and the malcontent between the free North and slave South became ever more intense. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 furthered this by drawing a line across the USA at the latitude of 36'30' where slavery was allowed. With the successful introduction of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill of 1854, an act that dissolved the terms of the Missouri Compromise and allowed slave or free status to be decided in the territories by popular sovereignty, the Whigs disintegrated. After the Civil War, Fort Sumter was restored by the U. The rest of the Missouri Territory was established as Free, and the Arkansas Territory was Slave Territory.
Once again, they compromised. The Fugitive Slave Acts were a pair of federal laws that allowed for the capture and return of runaway slaves within the territory of the United States. Henry Clay was a senator from Kentucky a Southern State and for the Compromise of 1850 he designed the Compromise of 1850. The tariffs, national currency, and enhanced transportation network offered by the system were beneficial for Northern states primarily. The Iroquois people had inhabited the region from the 12th to the 18th centuries.
What was the "Middle Passage"? Additionally, the American government firmly opposed any European invasions to set the country in the global arena. Northern states developed new ideologies about education and gender, with the first women's rights convention being held at Seneca Falls in New York in 1848. Taney also declared that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. I can conclude that the chart shows the number of slaves grew with the amount of cotton that was being produced. Moreover, Monroe proclaimed his famous Doctrine that forbade any colonialism from European countries, which established the American nation as a strong power in the Western world Shi and Tindall 409. He brought up percentages in his studies of what the common public thinks about this issue and he talked about two states, Virginia and North Carolina.
Line by line, concerned and angry senators worked out the bill's final language. According to the Compromise of 1850, both states could be either free states or slaves states. The main connection between the agricultural south and the need for slavery is slave labor allowed the plantation owners to make a lot of money because the didn't have to pay the slaves. Cultural Strongly correlated with their respective economies, the North and South culture is also starkly contrasted. In 1820 and 1833, Clay took the lead in shaping sectional compromise. By February 1854, anti-slavery Whigs had begun meeting in the upper midwestern states to discuss the formation of a new party.
Maine and Missouri were two of the most prominent states in the late 1810s to be involved in this dispute. The South claimed that the North had an unfair advantage in the federal government, and the North feared that the South would extend slavery to all the states. Congress members from all over the three regions were frustrated with the System, each claiming that it disproportionately benefitted the regions other than their own. How did agriculture in the Upper and Deep South differ by 1860? Although the war between the United States and Britain had ended, disputes over the territories remained. Textbook reading on p. In some cases, sectionalism is the basis for forcible resistance. The war with Britain ended the foreign supremacy but did not resolve the territorial conflicts.
Its expansion helped divide the country into zones of freedom and unfreedom, and it also led to the rise of sectionalism in the United States. Yet, the solid political leaders that would interfere with Northern authorities did not rise until 1828. These suggestions pushed Southern political and religious to further sectionalist radicalism. After the Mexican-American War, the US had gained a whole lot of new territory, and one of those territories was applying for statehood. Each state receives representation in Congress, and throughout the antebellum period, the Northern and Southern states fought to maintain a balance of power. Namely, the beginning of his rule was considered peaceful by politicians of the United States, although the stable condition of the country changed soon.
The Northern representatives couldn't allow that. One such meeting, in Wisconsin on March 20, 1854, is generally remembered as the founding meeting of the Republican Party. On the other hand, fourteen northern legislatures were equally determined to keep slavery out of the new regions. Just the thought that homosexuality was a willing decision is ridiculous. The United States diplomacy achieved a level where the country could oppose the terms suggested by its opponents. The North, South, and West each produced their own goods and shipped them to the other regions. This separation in elections is recognized mostly by Americans as sectionalism.