Sperm analysis is a medical procedure that involves evaluating the quality and quantity of a man's sperm. It is often performed as part of a fertility evaluation or as part of the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility.
The procedure begins with the collection of a semen sample, which is typically done by masturbating into a sterile container. The sample is then transported to a laboratory for analysis.
Once at the laboratory, the sample is evaluated for several key factors, including sperm count, motility, and morphology. Sperm count refers to the number of sperm present in the sample, with a normal range being between 15 million and 200 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Motility refers to the percentage of sperm that are moving, with a normal range being between 40% and 50%. Morphology refers to the size and shape of the sperm, with a normal range being between 4% and 14%.
In addition to these basic evaluations, the sample may also be tested for the presence of abnormal sperm, as well as for the presence of any infections or other issues that may be affecting fertility.
Sperm analysis is an important tool for identifying and treating male fertility issues, and can help couples who are struggling to conceive to better understand their options and make informed decisions about their fertility treatment. It is often performed in conjunction with other fertility tests, such as tests to evaluate the woman's fertility or to check for any underlying medical conditions that may be affecting fertility.
Overall, sperm analysis is a relatively straightforward and non-invasive procedure that can provide valuable insights into a man's fertility and help couples take steps towards achieving their fertility goals.
Sperm (semen) analysis: Uses, procedure, and results
. Having a pH that is too high alkaline or too low acidic may affect the health of the sperm and their ability to move through the female reproductive tract. The viscosity of semen allows sperm to be released slowly and travel in an organized manner into the uterus. Males typically ejaculate Some laboratories may conduct further testing, depending on the technology available. MEDICAIM is looking for the best specialists for you and we will offer you several renowned doctors. It consists in analysing the quality and appearance of the sperm, which is the liquid expelled during ejaculation, composed of a mixture of sperm and seminal fluid.
Your sample must be deposited in a sterilized, sealed container in order to get accurate results. See a medical professional for personalized consultation. Oxid Med Cell Longev. How to Determine the Semen Analysis Test Result? The American Society for Reproductive Medicine recommends that at least two samples are collected, taken about a month apart. DFI test levels higher than 30 percent typically indicate you have significantly reduced fertility potential. EEJ is a procedure to collect semen, the milky white substance where sperm live.
WHO laboratory manual for the examination and processing of human semen
The semen must be delivered to the testing center within 30 minutes of leaving the body. The semen is directed into a clean cup. The procedure determines the amount and quality of semen produced by a man. A solution will be put into your bladder through the catheter to lower your acid level. This image is not licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. The report is considered normal if sample has more than 32% progressive motile sperms. This means the amount of semen a person provides in their sample.
With cancer, where you get treated first matters. However, there are cases, where a male with one million sperm count could father a child. Sperm count refers to the number of sperm that are present in 1 ml of semen. Last medically reviewed on November 19, 2018 Medical News Today has strict sourcing guidelines and draws only from peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical journals and associations. The manual will also support accomplishment of SDG 3. Make sure to plan the production and delivery of your sample around a specific appointment time for best results. This image is not licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website.
Semen Analysis Report: How to Read a Sperm Analysis Test Report
To ensure good quality semen samples, good service for testing, men should note: Avoid ejaculation for 24-72 hours before taking semen samples Avoid drinking alcohol, using caffeine, cocaine, cannabis two to five days before sampling. Doctors will usually conduct two or three separate semen analysis to draw conclusions about sperm health. If the lab did not provide you with a bag for storing the container, place it upright in a plastic bag and keep it close to your body. If the results of your semen analysis are not all normal, it does not mean that you are permanently infertile. Preparation for the Semen Analysis Test Your doctor will tell you what to do in preparation for semen analysis.
This includes quitting smoking, eating healthy, exercising, and avoiding hot tubs and other situations that increase the temperature in the scrotum. Before sperm collection, the patient should respect sexual abstinence for the two to eight days preceding the spermogram. Sperm collection is usually done by masturbation in a suitable room where you can isolate yourself without risk of being disturbed. Take them for 3 days after your procedure. A doctor can provide a special condom that allows a person to collect a semen sample during sexual activity. What Does the Result Tell You? Universal access to laboratory services is essential to ensure that concerned populations can avoid the adverse health and socioeconomic consequences of sexual and reproductive ill health.
Semen Analysis: Preparation, Procedure, and Understanding Results
If a semen analysis is performed to evaluate the success of a vasectomy, the test results will only indicate the presence or absence of sperm. They include: To test for Male Infertility To test for Vasectomy Success It is prescribed when a couple is having a hard time getting pregnant. Change in the temperature of the semen sample can give inaccurate readings. Sperm motility was assessed as normal when at least 50% of the sperm in the sample had normal motility. A semen sample is required which can be created by masturbating into a sterile cup, or by collecting semen using a special condom during intercourse. For best results, seal the container as soon as possible to limit the possibility of contamination. You should always contact your doctor or other qualified healthcare professional before starting, changing, or stopping any kind of health treatment.
What is Semen Analysis Procedure? Why It is Required?
Taking both tests provides you with the best overview of your fertility. Otherwise, a doctor may recommend that the person ejaculates into a collection cup while at home. Sperm count A typical semen sample should contain between 20-200 million sperm. The semen will be analyzed under a microscope. Sperm viability is necessary when progressively motile sperm are less numerous. Sperm counts and fertility in men: A rocky road ahead. Share on Pinterest A sperm analysis can help a doctor diagnose fertility problems.
Semen Analysis: How It's Done and Understanding Results
While a great result from a sperm test is good news, it unfortunately is not proof of fertility. Many cases of male infertility are treatable with lifestyle changes, medications, surgery, and other interventions. In a typical sample, at least Sperm morphology Morphology refers to the size and the shape of the individual sperm. Do not collect your sample in a condom or use spermicide as a masturbatory aid. To ensure 100% accuracy with the sperm test results normal forms , there are some essential factors that the patient needs to follow before their semen analysis tests.
Less than 5 million per ml is considered a low range. If a semen analysis is performed to evaluate male infertility, the test results will have more in-depth information including: Sperm count: According to the World Health Organization WHO, count Sperm are considered normal when there are at least 15 million sperms per milliliter of semen or no less than 39 million sperm per semen sample. A mild electrical current will be sent through the probe. Do not use lubricants when collecting semen samples. If the semen does not liquefy in 15 to 30 minutes, fertility could be affected. After a vasectomy, doctors usually recommend that men have a sperm analysis once a month for three months to make sure that sperm is no longer present in the semen. As this is just one aspect of male fertility, it is important that people see their doctor and get comprehensive sperm analysis to check for other factors affecting their sperm.