What started the age of exploration. Portugal & the Age of Exploration (Collection) 2022-10-03
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The Age of Exploration, also known as the Age of Discovery, was a period of European history that spanned from the 15th to the 17th century. It was a time of great adventure and discovery, as European explorers set out to chart new lands and establish colonies around the world. But what exactly sparked this period of exploration?
One of the main driving forces behind the Age of Exploration was the desire for wealth and resources. European powers such as Spain, Portugal, and England were eager to find new sources of gold, silver, and other valuable minerals to fund their economies and military endeavors. They also sought new trade routes to bring exotic goods, such as spices, silk, and sugar, back to Europe.
Another factor that contributed to the Age of Exploration was the desire for religious conversion. Many European explorers saw their voyages as a way to spread Christianity to the "heathen" lands they encountered. They believed it was their duty to convert the indigenous peoples they encountered to the Christian faith, and this desire to "civilize" and "Christianize" the world played a significant role in the Age of Exploration.
Technological advancements also played a crucial role in the Age of Exploration. The development of more advanced ships, such as the caravel and the galleon, allowed explorers to sail further and faster than ever before. The creation of the mariner's compass, which made it easier for sailors to navigate the seas, also helped spur exploration.
Political motives were also at play during the Age of Exploration. European powers were constantly vying for power and influence, and establishing colonies in new lands was seen as a way to gain territory and strengthen a nation's influence. This was particularly true for Spain and Portugal, who were the two main powers driving the Age of Exploration.
Overall, the Age of Exploration was driven by a combination of economic, religious, technological, and political factors. It was a time of great change and discovery, and it forever altered the course of history.
What Was The Age Of Exploration Or The Age Of Discovery?
For example, ship building had drastically improved in the years immediately before the Age of Exploration began. In 1545, the Spanish founded Potosí, a mining town in present-day Bolivia. The Portuguese kept exploring and continued to Japan around the 1540s Pariona. As technology advanced and known territory expanded, maps and mapmaking became more and more sophisticated. Columbus was attempting to reach Asia by sailing to the west, rather than the east. He took part in the conquest of Cuba.
Because of this historical period, the world maps are now available to this day. Assembly of First Nations. Geography aided this search. In July 1497, Vasco da Gama set sail with four ships to chart a sea route to India. To protect this valuable trade with their colonies, rulers often forbade colonists from trading with other nations. Would you be willing to undertake such a voyage? Die Erfindung des Kolonialismus.
However, he is a national hero in Portugal because he won the European race to India by sea, which made them very wealthy. Additionally, technology and cultures were also shared. Journal of Early Modern History. Their work led to new ideas about government, human nature, and human rights. If not for The Age of Discovery it would have taken a lot longer for us to figure out half of the stuff we know about the world today. Many of these were beneficial, while others were catastrophic.
What was the Age of Exploration? In short, the seas were no longer free. Crownhart-Vaughan, Thomas Vaughan 1985. He returned to Portugal in June 1501. Still, the valuable cargo he brought back paid for the voyage many times over. What happened because of the Age of Exploration? This was a time when countries everywhere began to understand that the world was much bigger than previously believed. Uncommon Sense: The Heretical Nature of Science. Native people in Mexico told Cortés about the Aztecs.
What was the outcome of this exploration? There were transport costs and the expense of maintaining patrol ships and forts but, all in all, the Portuguese could make a very handsome 90% profit on their investment. No one is sure if he was present at the sermon or heard about it later. Journal of Economic History. For most Europeans, the Age of Discovery was a time when new lands were discovered. However, in the 1960s, archaeological proof of a Viking settlement was found in L'Anse aux Meadows in Nova Scotia, Canada, firmly establishing that the Vikings were the first Europeans to land in the new World. The city was in ruins.
Money became more important as precious metals flowed into Europe. The explorers in the Age of Exploration did more harm than good. Where these merchants themselves got their spices from was not certain. From the late 13th century to early 15th century some explorers were traveling by land from to Eurasia and beyond that using trade routes from Eurasia to the Middle East to China. The Age of Discovery is how we know about a lot of the world to this day. He mistakenly believed the world to be much smaller than geographers had previously estimated, and for this reason he argued that by sailing west he could find a quick route to the East Indies, still a lucrative trade zone. These included the brilliant mathematician Although the Spaniards had largely given up their attempts to settle in this area, they still resisted English incursions.
Causes and Impacts of the European Age of Exploration
Because of this widespread discovery and exploration movement, New World and Old World products were exchanged. Some of the most famous explorers of the time include the likes of Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Pedro Álvares Cabral, John Cabot, Juan Ponce de León, and This great pan-European venture was rooted in the development of What were some of the greatest technological innovations that triggered the age exploration? Raleigh: Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1987. If the supply of an item was large and few people wanted it, sellers lowered the price. The most important development was the invention of first the Carrack and then caravel in Iberia. The Portuguese decided to use the one thing they had in their favour: superiority in weapons and ships. Everywhere from churches to brothels used spices to improve the generally bad odour of the medieval indoors. Cortés now controlled the Aztec capital.
Around a decade or so later, a guy named Vasco de Gama ended up discovering the way to get around the Cape of Good Hope and to India, which ended up making the first route ever between Portugal and India. Detail from Maris Pacifici by Ortelius, 1589. Merchants hired people to work from their own cottages, turning raw materials from overseas into finished products. Henry Hudson, his boat being greeted by Native Americans at the lakeshore. A fleet was put together, and Spanish navigators such as San Antonio, Concepcion, Santiago and The fleet sailed further and further south, avoiding the Portuguese territories in Brazil, and became the first to reach Estrecho de Todos los Santos, the modern Mar Pacífico because of its apparent stillness.
England established the first permanent colony in North America at Jamestown, Va. The goods and commodities were not the only things that the would trade for during the time of the Age of Discovery. Within the decade they were unearthing hundreds of metric tons of pure silver annually and transporting it in galleons back to Europe, where King Charles V and later his son, King Philip II, used it to pay for Spanish wars against Muslims and Protestants. Trade and Civilization in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750. University of California Press. Inflation, or an increase in the supply of money, led to a loss of its value. The Age of Discovery also known as the Age of Exploration began in the late 14th century to the early 15th century and it lasted clear through the 17th century.