The relativity of deviance is best explained by the. Relativity of Social Deviance Essay Example 2022-10-09
The relativity of deviance is best explained by the Rating:
sociological theory of social constructionism
Deviance, or the act of deviating from social norms, is a concept that is culturally and socially constructed. In other words, what is considered deviant in one society may not be considered deviant in another. This relativity of deviance can be best explained by the sociological theory of social constructionism.
Social constructionism is the idea that our social world and the meaning we attribute to it are constructed through our interactions and communication with others. According to this perspective, social norms and values are not inherent or universal, but rather they are created and maintained through social interactions and cultural practices.
Therefore, deviance is not a fixed or objective concept, but rather it is defined and constructed by the society in which it occurs. For example, in some societies, tattoos and piercings may be seen as deviant and taboo, while in others they may be a common and accepted form of self-expression. Similarly, in some societies, same-sex relationships may be considered deviant and punishable, while in others they may be accepted and even celebrated.
This relativity of deviance has important implications for how societies respond to and treat those who deviate from social norms. It highlights the importance of understanding and examining the social and cultural context in which deviance occurs, rather than treating it as a universal and inherent characteristic of an individual or group.
Additionally, social constructionism emphasizes the role of power and social structures in shaping and defining deviance. Those who hold positions of power within a society often have the ability to define what is considered deviant and to shape social norms and values. This can result in the stigmatization and marginalization of certain groups or individuals who do not conform to the dominant norms and values of a society.
In conclusion, the relativity of deviance is best explained by the sociological theory of social constructionism. This theory emphasizes the role of social interactions and cultural practices in shaping and defining deviance, and highlights the importance of understanding the social and cultural context in which deviance occurs. It also highlights the role of power and social structures in shaping and defining deviance, and the potential consequences for those who do not conform to dominant norms and values.
The concept of relativity of deviance is best illustrated by which of the following statements?
Among the explanations they suggest is a. However, to get to the other side of this coin, you need to work out some kind of a good point. A romantic relationship may end, a family member may die, or students may be taunted or bullied at school. These findings are examples of what kind of bias in the death penalty? After many studies in the last two decades, the best answer is that we are not sure Belknap, 2007. Delinquent boys: The culture of the gang. Angela thinks of herself as a good citizen, and in her best moments, as a model for other girls. What is the functionalist perspective of deviance quizlet? From its Wikipedia entry: "In linguistics, the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis SWH also known as the "linguistic relativity hypothesis" postulates a systematic relationship between the grammatical categories of the language a person speaks and how that person both understands the world and behaves in it.
If she is having a good day, then she is very different from a person who is having a bad day. Students will reflect upon what factors influence the relativity of deviance. It must involve the violation of a person or property. Faced with strain, some poor people continue to value economic success but come up with new means of achieving it. Understand what is meant by the relativity of deviance. Marvin Wolfgang and Franco Ferracuti argued that a subculture of violence in inner-city areas promotes a violent response to insults and other problems. What are the 5 functions of deviance? Hank needed the money, but he heard his conscience shouting at him, and he didn't go near the purse.
The Relativity Of Deviance And The Sociological Theory
Nonetheless, the theory has greatly influenced the study of deviance and crime in the last few decades and promises to do so for many years to come. Some of the most persuasive evidence comes from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods directed by sociologist Robert J. These explanations also blame street crime by the poor on the economic deprivation and inequality in which they live rather than on any moral failings of the poor. Which type of sociologist would consider deviance? As a result, almost all students of deviance reject the idea that deviance is inherent to particular behaviors; rather, they see it as a quality conferred upon some behaviors or individuals by groups as they go about the business of social organization. Fourth, why are some behaviors more likely than others to be considered deviant? What is the symbolic Interactionist perspective of deviance? They are neither mental nor illness, he claims.
As she tried to straighten things out, she saw an opportunity to direct money into her personal account, a way that she was sure could not be detected. Hirschi outlined four types of bonds to conventional social institutions: attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief. Which of the following statements is NOT true of crime in the United States? Conflict theory suggests that deviant behaviors result from social, political, or material inequalities in a social group. Is deviance good or bad? Susie has a strong respect for authority, even when it conflicts with a simple matter such as attending a college party. Deviance is behavior that violates social norms and arouses negative social reactions. If there is no poor people, rich people would not feel rich.
Sociologists use this term to refer to what Henry did a. Students will demonstrate the relativity of deviance. Clarissa is following this deviant path a. Deviance provides the key to understanding the disruption and recalibration of society that occurs over time. Out of frustration, she gave up trying to get ahead at work. The state must undertake the political process of criminalizing it.
Perhaps most important, it overlooks deviance such as fraud by the middle and upper classes and also fails to explain murder, rape, and other crimes that usually are not done for economic reasons. Social control refers to ways in which a society tries to prevent and sanction behavior that violates norms. What is deviance and why is it important? It is problematic, but it remains behavior. Several such explanations exist. Merton calls this adaptation innovation. Together they help answer the questions posed earlier: why rates of deviance differ within social categories and across locations, why some behaviors are more likely than others to be considered deviant, and why some kinds of people are more likely than others to be considered deviant and to be punished for deviant behavior.
Preventing crime: What works for children, offenders, victims and places. He says that problem behaviors, including crime, are not a sign of mental illness. What is the relativity of deviance? What is an example of negative deviance? What is the conflict perspective of deviance? The Theory of Differential Association c. Deviant subcultures Poverty and other community conditions give rise to certain subcultures through which adolescents acquire values that promote deviant behavior. More than three quarters of all murder victims are male.
Social structure and anomie. Robert Merton's term for the strain engendered when a society socializes large numbers of people to desire a cultural goal such as success , but withholds from some the approved means of reaching that goal; one adaptation tot he strain of crime, the choice of an innovative means one outside the approved system to attain the cultural goal Henry worked his way up to vice-president of financial affairs. In other words, any action or behavior that draws a reaction out of someone could theoretically be a deviant act. Many scholars dismiss them for painting an overly critical picture of the United States and ignoring the excesses of noncapitalistic nations, while others say the theories overstate the degree of inequality in the legal system. Finally, she found a group of girls who accepted her.
The relativity of deviance is best explained by the perspective A structural functionalist B conflict C symbolic interactionist D neo
The nature of one's behavior is the most important aspect in determining deviance. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. New York, NY: Free Press. Labeling theory assumes that the labeling process helps ensure that someone will continue to commit deviance, and it also assumes that some people are more likely than others to be labeled deviant because of their appearance, race, social class, and other characteristics. The acceptance of others culture and behaviors without necessarily proper evaluation can hamper the understanding of social deviance. Other explanations highlight the role played by the social and physical characteristics of urban neighborhoods, of deviant subcultures, and of weak bonds to social institutions.