The Secondary Education Commission 1952-53, also known as the Mudaliar Commission, was a government commission established in India to review and make recommendations on the state of secondary education in the country. The commission was headed by Dr. A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar and was formed in response to growing concerns about the quality and accessibility of secondary education in India.
One of the main objectives of the Mudaliar Commission was to assess the current state of secondary education in India and identify any deficiencies or areas in need of improvement. The commission conducted a thorough review of the existing secondary education system, including the curriculum, examination systems, teacher training, and infrastructure.
One of the major recommendations of the Mudaliar Commission was the establishment of a national system of secondary education. The commission argued that a uniform, national system would ensure that all students in India had access to high-quality secondary education, regardless of their socio-economic background or location. The commission also recommended the establishment of a national board for secondary education, which would be responsible for setting standards and overseeing the implementation of the national system.
Another significant recommendation of the Mudaliar Commission was the expansion of vocational and technical education. The commission recognized the importance of providing students with practical skills and knowledge that would enable them to enter the workforce and contribute to the economic development of the country. To this end, the commission recommended the expansion of vocational and technical education programs, as well as the introduction of new subjects such as agriculture, home science, and industrial arts.
The Mudaliar Commission also made recommendations on teacher education and training. It argued that the quality of secondary education in India was heavily dependent on the quality of its teachers, and therefore recommended the establishment of teacher training institutes to ensure that teachers were well-prepared and qualified to teach in secondary schools.
Overall, the recommendations of the Mudaliar Commission had a significant impact on the development of secondary education in India. The commission's report served as the basis for a number of important education reforms, including the establishment of a national system of secondary education and the expansion of vocational and technical education programs. These reforms helped to improve the quality and accessibility of secondary education in India and have had a lasting impact on the country's education system.
Discuss Briefly the Recommendations of Mudaliar Commission (1952
In June 1953, it submitted its Report. Commission divided secondary education into two parts. Normally during the year there should be a summer vocation of 2 months and breaks of 10 to 15 days at suitable periods during the year. Despite the fact that the number of secondary schools and their attendance began to rise dramatically even before India's independence, the quality of education provided was inadequate to satisfy the country's changing socioeconomic needs. Teachers of physical education should be treated equally like subjects teachers. Selection of textbooks: The Commission has stated that text-books should be selected on the basis of their merits and utility.
Improvement in Teacher Status The procedure of selection and appointment of teachers should be uniform throughout the country. Productive works should be importance. Aims of Secondary Education Development of democratic citizenship. Increasing Vocational Effectiveness: One of the country's most pressing needs is to boost its people's production efficiency and enhance national income. The inter-relation of Secondary Schools and different typesOther allied problem so that a sound and reasonably uniform system of Secondary Education suited to our needs and resources may be provided for the whole country. There should be arrangement of balanced and nutritious diet in hostels and Residential schools.
Co-curricular activities should form a part of education. The students should be taught at least two languages at the junior high school stage. And with that he is associated with a college. This is the most crucial period of school for pupils in their life preparation. Merits of Commission Merits of CommissionActivity based education.
The government appointed secondary education commission on 23 rd sept, 1952. Guidance and Counselling: Selection of streams would necessitate guidance of experts. Let us now summarize the defects of secondary education commission : 5 Guidance and Counselling Facilities Inadequate. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the fifteen major recommendations of secondary education commission 1952-53. At this stage of schooling, there is no appropriate provision for practical and other types of activities that should be included in any curriculum. The system of symbolic rather than numerical marking should be adopted for evaluating and grading the work of the pupils in external and internal examinations and in maintaining the school records.
Various types of expression works should be included in each subject. As a rule the total number of working days in a school should not be less than 200, the working hours per week should be at least 35 periods about 45 minutes each; the schools should work regularly for 6 days in the week. Eligibility criteria for applying for school applying for school inspectors should be —10 years of teaching experience. SECONDARY EDUCATION COMMISSION INTRODUCTION Secondary education is the stage of education that encompasses all classes after primary school and prior to the start of university education. Committees and commissions have often called attention to these flaws. Inspection of School: The role of school inspector is to examine the problems of schools and view them comprehensively and help the teachers to carry out his advice and recommendations. Hence, trained Guidance Officers and Career Masters should be appointed in Secondary Schools.
Secondary Education Commission In this article get Mudaliar Commission B. Multipurpose schools should be established to take care of various abilities of students. At the High school Pre Higher Secondary stage diversified courses of instruction should provide to the students and curriculum would be of two types: i Core curriculum, which is common for all the students, includes language. Developing leaders through education: For the vast majority of students, secondary education is their final destination. There are some core subjects like Hindi, Social Science, Math and one craft which every student has to study. The medium of instruction at the secondary stage should be either the mother tongue or the regional language. On 23rd Sept 1952, the government appointed a secondary education commission under the chairmanship of Dr.
Secondary Education Commission or Mudaliar Commission childhealthpolicy.vumc.org Notes
Place of Library in School Libraries should be given a form of an intellectual laboratory. The period of training may be increased to a minimum of 180 days by eliminating the number of unnecessary holidays. Sanskrit is also included as a third language which is optional. Religious instruction in schools may be given only on a voluntary basic and after the regular school hours. Physical Education Training Center should be opened at national level. Examiners should be selected cautiously.
To improve their social status, teachers should be honoured time to time. Home Science Home Economics, Nutrition and Cooking, Mother Craft and Child Care, Household management and Home Nursing. Textbooks Textbooks should be selected very carefully. A candidate who has passed the examination and wishes to qualify in any additional subject s may appear at a subsequent examination. Recommendation of Mudaliar commission After extensive research through a questionnaire, dealing with various aspects of secondary education and tour of various parts of India the commission presented a report.
Emphasis should be placed upon clear thinking and expression. A five point scale may be used: A excellent , B good , C fair and average , D Poor , E very Poor. COMMERCE: Book keeping, short hand and typing, commercial geography and elements of economics. Physical Welfare of Students There should be School Medical Service in every state. A sub-committee of the Board should deal with the conduct of examination. After a few months of hard work, the commission submitted a very lengthy report on August 29, 1953.