Expository, descriptive, narrative, and persuasive are four different types of writing that are used to convey information to the reader. Each type of writing serves a specific purpose and can be identified by the way the information is presented.
Expository writing is used to explain or inform the reader about a particular topic. It is written in a clear and concise manner and presents information objectively, without expressing the writer's personal opinions or feelings. Expository writing is often used in academic settings, such as in textbooks or research papers, and is characterized by its use of factual evidence and logical reasoning to support the ideas being presented.
Descriptive writing is used to describe a person, place, thing, or event in detail. It is characterized by the use of vivid and sensory language, which helps the reader to visualize and understand the subject being described. Descriptive writing is often used in creative writing and in literature, such as in novels or short stories, and is meant to evoke emotions and create a sense of atmosphere for the reader.
Narrative writing is used to tell a story or relate an experience. It is characterized by the use of chronological events and includes a plot, characters, and a resolution. Narrative writing often includes elements of descriptive writing, as the writer must describe the setting, characters, and events in order to tell the story effectively. Narrative writing is often used in fiction and non-fiction, such as in novels, short stories, and biographies.
Persuasive writing is used to persuade the reader to adopt a certain point of view or take a specific action. It is characterized by the use of logical arguments, evidence, and appeals to emotion in order to convince the reader. Persuasive writing is often used in advertising, political speeches, and legal briefs, and requires the writer to carefully craft their message in order to effectively persuade their audience.
In conclusion, expository, descriptive, narrative, and persuasive writing are all important tools that can be used to convey information and ideas to the reader. Each type of writing serves a specific purpose and can be identified by the way the information is presented. Understanding the differences between these types of writing and how to use them effectively is an important skill for any writer to have.
Important ethical issues in the surgical separation of the conjoined twins jane and may that consequentialism cannot be satisfactorily dealt with Ayanniyi AA
The expected good from surgical separation would be safety of Jane's life and improve experience for health professionals with potential benefit to the society. Presumed consent, surrogacy, and martyr This can be likened to a family ethics, wherein the Browns serve as surrogates to May who presumably consented to donate her organs to Jane who has high chance to survive. . She shared a common bladder and a common aorta with Mary. Much of modern British criminal law - which will be the subject of microscopic examination this weekend by those who will be representing the attorney general on Wednesday - is based on 19th-century case law made by judges basing their conclusions on Judaeo-Christian principles.
The parents' position remains that it is not "God's will" that people terminate life. Disability Studies Quarterly DSQ is the journal of the Society for Disability Studies SDS. Could a ruling which called into question Mary's very right to be thought of as a human being have implications for severely disabled people? Consequentialism appeals to action that will maximize the general good though not necessarily egalitarian in the distribution of welfare. The surgical separation was a common cause of double effect: Jane's survival and May's death. It is a fact that there are countless dying infants, who need a fraction of what was expended to save only Jane. May's personhood and sanctity of life These are another very serious ethical issues raised by separating the conjoined twins Jane and May case that consequentialism cannot be satisfactorily dealt with.
She lived on borrowed time, all of which was borrowed from Jodie. The broader spotlight falls upon general medical practices that involve level of risks or violation of beliefs and humanitarian right and clauses. This further brings into question the concept of consciousness and sentience as well as definition of a distinct individual human life. The parents come from a remote, unidentified European community with different customs and values to Britain's. The consequentialist would necessarily support surgical separation of the conjoined twins should its overall benefit outweigh its presumed demerits. Remarkably, it is a contentious issue whether good effect Jane's survival outweighs the bad effect May's death of the separation, and also, whether May's death bad effect was used to achieve Jane's survival good effect. Traditional principles inform decisions The authors outline the bioethical issues faced by their multidisciplinary medical team as they assessed whether to attempt surgical separation in a pair of craniopagus twins from Italy.
Conjoined Twins Ethical Dilemma: When Parents Need to Sacrifice One Life For the Other
Killing deprived May of her life. The consequentialism cannot satisfactorily explain the ethics of the Browns' informed rejection decline consent of surgical separation of Jane and May. Cost and social justice Jane's life was saved through an extraordinary means; thus, an ethical issue. Conjoined twins are rare, , Chang and Eng Bunker, who both Ultimately the choice between letting both children die or operating for the chance of the survival of one "is heavily influenced by culture and values," the paper says. Stigma in their home country also prevented doctors from wanting to take them on as patients. Emotion and Intuition: The parents and the church are primary advocates for the application of these ways of knowing.
During the appeal, Lord Justice Ward put the problem in stark terms when he asked if Jodie and Mary were individuals or the "more horrifying concept" of one person with two heads. This weekend a team of eminent lawyers will be attempting, at the behest of the attorney general, to pin down one of the central legal problems of the case - whether the separation will constitute a criminal offence. Furthermore, May was considered an aggressor dragging Jane with her to their death. She wasn't going to survive much longer. By the 1970s the preferred term was educationally subnormal. Utilitarianism bothers not with the motives for actions but rather with its results. The twins recovered with no complications from the attempted procedure.
That said, Conjoined Twins reminds us that disability, and in this case, the Bunkers, the Hilton sisters, the Toci brothers, the side and freak shows, the medical exams and advances, and so forth, remain historically anchored in the biological, social, and cultural specifics of normality. However, there was a surgical separation of the twins 3 months after their birth but following two separate court rulings against the Browns' objection to surgical separation. At four months of gestation ultrasound revealed conjoined twins. Importantly, the Browns demonstrated that they were a very responsible couple and very committed to their family and belief. In genetic counseling, the couple is able to assess their chances of having a child that has some type of disorder; prenatal diagnosis allows the detection of problems before birth that may cause complications throughout the lifespan, i.
Jodie and Mary: the point where the law, ethics, religion and humanity are baffled
Furthermore, since this case is Bibliography: evettere, R, J. They had just a single liver. It is like withholding feeding to an infant with birth defects or withholding oxygen supply to a patient in a persistent vegetative state. Expectedly, Jane survived and May died. Utilitarianism is about welfare to all concerned parties rather than the Browns' personal interests. The ethical issues include the Browns' autonomy and informed consent, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice, personhood, and sanctity of May's life as well as cost and social justice of the treatment.
Study Examines Ethical Issues Surrounding Surgery to Separate Conjoined Twins
Although several papers have reported on the medical aspects of separating conjoined twins, few have addressed the ethical dilemmas. DSQ is committed to developing theoretical and practical knowledge about disability and to promoting the full and equal participation of persons with disabilities in society. The larger twin had most of the brain blood flow; the smaller twin had two kidneys, while the larger twin had none. Jodie is an alert baby, with functioning heart and lungs. They hope their experience will be of value to other surgical teams; the ethical principles involved apply not only to rare and complex separation procedures, but also to more common plastic and reconstructive procedures involving children. For example, consider an estimated amount of £100,000 was expended on Jane's treatment.
Conjoined Twins: An Historical, Biological and Ethical Issues Encyclopedia
Furthermore, the Browns claimed that, following the separation, it would be difficult to manage disabled Jane in Malta due to Maltese known hostility to the disabled and the absence of specialized medical treatments. Its permissibility notwithstanding, a surgical separation of conjoined twins with an estimate of 100% mortality for both twins is a futile effort, save experimental treatment where there is informed consent. Reviewed by Steve Ferzacca, University of Lethbridge There is perhaps no human "anomaly" that universally evokes deep fears, morbid attractions, and jarring experiences for those who can count the "normal" ten toes and fingers on two hands and feet, one head and so forth like conjoined twins. Furthermore, the status within society and financially forces an ultimatum upon the parents of the upbringing of their daughter post-surgery therefore changing the situations and therefore their decisions. They fully believed that the girls are in the hands of God. This leads them to draw away from the proposal of surgery regardless of the survival of one of their daughters. This provides the balance of value over disvalue.