Importance and scope of horticulture. Horticulture 2022-10-28
Importance and scope of horticulture
Horticulture is the science and art of cultivating plants, fruits, vegetables, and ornamental flowers. It involves the production, improvement, and use of horticultural crops and the management of landscapes and gardens. Horticulture plays a vital role in our daily lives, as it provides us with a diverse range of plants and products that we use for food, medicine, and aesthetics.
One of the primary importance of horticulture is its contribution to the food supply chain. Horticultural crops such as fruits, vegetables, and nuts form a significant part of our diet and provide essential nutrients for a healthy life. These crops are grown using sustainable and environmentally friendly practices, which help to preserve natural resources and protect the environment. In addition to providing nourishment, horticultural crops also contribute to the economy by providing employment and income for farmers and other agricultural workers.
Horticulture also has a significant role in the health and well-being of individuals and communities. Many horticultural crops have medicinal properties and are used in the production of traditional and modern medicines. For example, herbs and other plants have been used for centuries to treat various ailments and are still used today in natural remedies and supplements. In addition, horticulture can promote mental health and well-being by providing a sense of connection to nature and an opportunity for stress relief and relaxation through gardening and other activities.
Horticulture also plays a vital role in the aesthetic and cultural aspects of our lives. Landscapes and gardens, both public and private, provide beauty and enjoyment for individuals and communities. Horticulture can also help to preserve and promote cultural traditions and practices, as many indigenous communities rely on horticultural crops for their livelihoods and cultural traditions.
In conclusion, the importance and scope of horticulture are vast and diverse. It plays a vital role in our food supply, health and well-being, and cultural and aesthetic aspects of life. From the production of nourishing fruits and vegetables to the beauty and enjoyment of landscapes and gardens, horticulture touches every aspect of our lives.
Scope Of Horticulture Crops
The irrigation requirement depends on cultivated area, type of crop, weather condition, timing of cultivation, capacity of ventilation requirement, etc. Employment Generation:— Horticulture crops require workers throughout the year, from growing crops to harvesting and in processing, so garden crops create more jobs. The major plantation crops include coconut, arecanut, oil palm, cashew, tea coffee, rubber cocoa, betel vine, vanilla etc. Income from small land holdings increased several fold. Income generation: —More money can be earned by selling fruits, vegetables and plantation crops as they have a higher yield per hectare, and the demand for spices and medicinal plants is high as they produce a lot of medicines. Diets deficient in fruits and vegetables are linked to some of the world's most common and crippling nutrient-related diseases.
The need to protect the crops against unfavourable environmental conditions led to the development of protected agriculture. Commercial cultivation of cut flowers like, rose, orchids, gladiolus, carnation, anthurium, gerbera is also being done. Poor economic status of Nepalese people cannot support big projects of commercial production and processing of horticultural crops. The great majority of people obtain most of their carbohydrates and proteins from cereals and pulses but their diets must also contain significant amount of fruits to ensure that they get the vitamins which are not provided by the staple cereal foods. Hortus means garden and Culture means knowledge of growing these crops.
Importance of horticulture
Agronomy is involved with grains, pasture grasses and forages, oilseeds, fiber crops, and industrial crops such as sugarcane, while forestry is involved with trees grown for timber and fiber as well as the incidental wildlife. Ornamental horticulture, not considered here, includes added practices associated with landscape architecture and the floral arts. Comparatively fruits and vegetables are the cheapest source of natural nutritive foods. Medicinal purposes It can be important for medicinal purposes because of the parts of a plant like a stem, leaf, flowers, and roots. The salary will depend upon the area of specialization and the location. Greenhouses for plant propagation: GH technology is being now a days considered as suitable approach for raising of seedlings and cuttings which require control environment for their growth.
Definition, Importance and scope of Fruits and plantation crops
A number of cold storages are constructed by using the assistance of National Horticulture Board thereby increasing scope for cultivation of horticultural crops. Scope Of Horticulture Crops 6 New development scheme of state and central government: Scope Of Horticulture Crops A number of schemes promoting horticulture development are in operation. The policies emphasize to facilitate market oriented high value commodities, contribute internal and export markets through agro-based industries and poverty reduction through commercialization of horticulture. It starts first from the field, after harvest, in grading and packing areas, in storage, during transportation and in the wholesale and retail markets. Horticulture is divided into the cultivation of plants for food pomology and olericulture and plants for ornament floriculture and landscape horticulture. India exports a lot of alkaloids, and oleoresin, which gives foreign exchange.
Horticulture is associated with a number of intensive practices that collectively make up the horticultural arts. Pusa jwala variety of chilli — it is resistant to leaf curl of chilli virus. They considered the cypress plant a symbol of death and planted it around the tombs. Walnut, Apricot, Apple, Banana, Grapefruit, Plum. A horticulturist is known to also choose their career in the education sector as a professor.
Scope and importance of horticulture
Maharashtra and Gujarat had a cumulative area of 5, 730. To get an idea about the salary in this field please refer to the ta Experience Annual Salary Fresher INR 1. It is an applied science dealing with fruits, vegetables and ornamental flowers. The climate of terrain lower belt , mid-hills and high hills are suitable for the production of many kinds of fruits and high value horticulture commodities such as mango, banana, papaya, areca nut, tea, cut flowers, vegetables and potatoes in terrain; mandarin, sweet orange, lime, pomegranate, kiwi, coffee, tea, large cardamom, ginger, cut-flowers, vegetables and potatoes in mid-hills and apple, walnut, apricot, peach, pear, plum, vegetables and potatoes in high-hills. Several options are available for graduates if they choose horticulture. The genetic characteristics and physiological status of the commodity determine the typical post-harvest behavior and quality of the produce and these two are the major bases for the interaction. Nutritional value: —Fruits and vegetables are rich in nutrients so the Indian Council of Medical Research ICMR has recommended 120 grams of fruits to be eaten by each person every day.
Agriculturefarming: DEFINITION ,SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE OF HORTICULTURE (BASIC HORTICULTURE)
The production of vegetables has increased from 101. Even a fraction of this area brought under greenhouse cultivation could produce substantial returns for the local inhabitants. The families-Pinaceae among the gymnosperms, Apiaceae, Myrtaceae, Rutaceae, Lauraceae, Lamiaceae, Asteraceae dicots , Poaceae, Arecaceae, Zingiberaceae, and Amaryllidaceae monocots among the angiosperms, account for a large number of plants bearing essential oils of commercial importance. Horticulture Career Prospects From the information given above, we can clearly say that horticulture is a branch of Agriculture that concerns the garden. The climate in hills and mountains differ from the terrain.
What is horticulture and why is it important? Explained by FAQ Blog
They are relatively free from the loss of cattle and, therefore, can be grown profitably in areas where stray cattle or wild animals are a major problem. High value and high quality, even organic, crops grown for export markets 14. . They improve the general immunity of human body against diseases, deficiencies etc. One always enjoys fresh air and the natural beauty of things as they shed away any tension by making them fresh. How does horticulture affects our daily lives? They are also recognized as protective foods, which is why they play an important role as necessary for the maintenance of human health.
Horticulture (Introduction, Branches, Importance, Scopes and Constraints in Nepal)
Flowers are indispensible part of the Indian festivals. Horticulture impacts our lives on a daily basis by providing nutritious fruits and vegetables, offering visual enjoyment, and promoting recreational activities. They considered the cypress plant a symbol of death and planted it around the tombs. The importance of horticulture is as follows 1. The most important fact is market should be near or if it is distant, there should be a facility of precooling, cold storage etc.