Bhopal disaster causes. Bhopal Gas Tragedy 2022-10-18
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The Bhopal disaster, also known as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a catastrophic industrial accident that occurred on the night of December 2-3, 1984, at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. The disaster resulted in the release of a highly toxic gas called methyl isocyanate (MIC) into the atmosphere, which caused widespread death and injury to thousands of people.
The disaster was caused by a number of factors, including design flaws in the plant, inadequate safety measures, and poor maintenance. The plant had been designed and built in the late 1970s, and it was operated by UCIL, a subsidiary of Union Carbide Corporation (UCC), an American multinational corporation.
One of the main causes of the disaster was the design flaws in the plant. The plant was designed to produce a highly toxic chemical called carbaryl, which was used as a pesticide. The production process involved the use of MIC, which was stored in large tanks at the plant. However, the tanks were not equipped with proper safety measures, such as vent gas scrubbers, which are used to neutralize or remove harmful gases.
Another cause of the disaster was inadequate safety measures at the plant. The plant did not have proper emergency shutdown procedures in place, and the alarm systems were not adequately tested. The plant also lacked proper training and safety protocols for handling hazardous chemicals.
In addition, the disaster was caused by poor maintenance at the plant. The plant had not been properly maintained and had not undergone regular inspections. This led to the accumulation of dust and other contaminants in the plant, which increased the risk of an accident.
The Bhopal disaster had a devastating impact on the people of Bhopal and the surrounding areas. Thousands of people died as a result of the disaster, and many more were left with serious injuries and disabilities. The disaster also had a major environmental impact, as the toxic gas caused widespread damage to the air, water, and soil in the area.
In the aftermath of the disaster, Union Carbide faced widespread criticism and legal action. The company was charged with manslaughter and other crimes in India, and it eventually agreed to pay a settlement of $470 million to the victims and their families. However, many people felt that the settlement was inadequate and that Union Carbide should have been held accountable for the disaster.
In conclusion, the Bhopal disaster was a tragic and preventable industrial accident that was caused by a combination of design flaws, inadequate safety measures, and poor maintenance at the UCIL pesticide plant. The disaster had a devastating impact on the people of Bhopal and the surrounding areas, and it remains a stark reminder of the importance of safety and responsibility in the handling of hazardous chemicals.
Bhopal: A Root Cause Analysis of the Deadliest Industrial Accident in History
These tragedies however do allow us to learn from our mistakes and implement new technologies and prevention systems to avoid future tragedies such as the Bhopal Gas Tragedy. Asian Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety. The government has chosen not to present hospital records and research data that show that those exposed actually suffered permanent injuries and chronic diseases. Leela Bai and Shehzadi Bi are among the 10 women who began an indefinite fast without water at Neelam Park in Bhopal demanding proper additional compensation for deaths and injuries caused by the 1984 Bhopal gas disaster that killed thousands and maimed lakhs for life. The outcome was an out-of-control compound response that vented profoundly poisonous MIC gas into the climate. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
Official records show 95 per cent of the gas affected people who got cancers and 97 per cent of those who suffered fatal kidney diseases had been categorized as temporarily injured," Khan alleged. Everyone else involved in investigating the case "just toed the line of the central government. The company says it never controlled daily operations of the plant and hence is not legally liable for the disaster. The Bhopal Syndrome: Pesticides, Environment and Health. Abstract The night of 3rd December marked an industrial disaster when more than 40 tons of methyl isocyanate gas leaked from a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India that instantly led to the death of approximately 3,800 people and causing permanent injuries for thousands more.
The Bhopal Disaster And Its Causes And Effects Essay
Occupational and habitation rehabilitation Thirty-three of the 50 planned work-sheds for gas victims started. Acute effects The initial effects of exposure were coughing, severe eye irritation and a feeling of suffocation, burning in the respiratory tract, Thousands of people had died by the following morning. In June 2010, seven former employees of UCIL, all Indian nationals and many in their 70s, were convicted of causing death by negligence. Investigation of Large-magnitude incidents: Bhopal as a Case Study PDF. Nudged by the wind, it rolled across the road and into the alleys on the other side. The number of awarded cases was 574,304 and the number of rejected cases was 455,213. In 1984, Leela Bai Thakur, 65, lived just 500 metres from the Union Carbide factory in Bhopal with her husband and four children.
Another case is pending in Madhya Pradesh high court against Dow Chemical. The New York Times. As he prepared to escape from the leaking gas, he saw gas shoot out of a tall stack connected to the tank, forming a white cloud that drifted over the plant and toward nearby neighbourhoods where thousands of residents were sleeping. The official immediate death toll was 2,259, and in 1991, 3,928 deaths had been officially certified. The workers considered other alternatives, such as dumping the escaping gas into a spare storage tank.
Retrieved 30 August 2012. By the end of October 2003, according to the Bhopal Gas Tragedy Relief and Rehabilitation Department, compensation had been awarded to 554,895 people for injuries received and 15,310 survivors of those killed. Not even the factory managers raised the alarm. Inside the factory, the white cloud of methyl isocyanate engulfed the production plant and started wafting toward the control room. December 3, 12:45 am: The workers were aware of the enormity of the accident. The other responses include the development of the health care system in India. Early the next morning, a UCIL manager asked the instrument engineer to replace the gauge.
Even if the scrubber was in service, it probably had little effect. The legacy of Bhopal includes many things today that we take for granted, such as hazard and operability analysis, management of change, permit to work, and dispersionmodeling. March: A Bhopal lawyer serves a legal notice on the company stating that the plant poses a serious health and safety risk to workers and community. . Ten women survivors of the 1984 Bhopal gas tragedy began an indefinite fast in Neelam Park here on Friday seeking additional compensation for victims.
Bhopal gas disaster: Corporate negligence with deadly consequences
Yet, much more is to be done for public health in the context of industrialization to show that the lessons of the countless thousands dead and the sufferings of millions in Bhopal have truly been heeded. It is difficult to investigate a catastrophe of this magnitude, and it was particularly difficult to investigate Bhopal becauseof interference from vested interests. Butthis scenario sounds plausible, and is still argued by some who have vested legaland political interests in itsacceptance. The number of children exposed to the gases was at least 200,000. However, a large amount of liquid is required to produce vapor sufficient to cause mass casualties. Calls to the UCIL plant by police were twice assured that "everything is OK", and on the last attempt made, "we don't know what has happened, sir". Within hours, deadly MIC clouds engulfed the city.
Bhopal gas tragedy: Ten survivors start indefinite fast demanding adequate compensation
Bhopal and its aftermath are a warning that the path to industrialization, for developing countries in general and India in particular, is full of human, environmental and economic perils. Mysteriously, in 1998 the Madhya Pradesh government, which had leased the land for the plant, repossessed it and assumed all accountability for the facility, including the site clean-up. The government of Madhya Pradesh confirmed a total of 3,787 deaths related to the gas release. The brain, eyes, lungs, muscles, as well as neurological, gastrointestinal, reproductive, and immune systems of those anyhow survived, were severely affected. How do abiotic systems affect biotechnology? In the 11th century, Raja Bhoj of Dhar founded a city on the shores of a beautiful lake in central India.