# Perfect and monopolistic competition. Difference Between Perfect Competition and Monopolistic Competition 2022-10-13

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Perfect competition and monopolistic competition are two different market structures that are characterized by the level of competition within the market.

Perfect competition is a market structure in which there are a large number of buyers and sellers, all of whom are selling homogeneous products. This means that all of the products being sold are exactly the same and there is no differentiation between them. In perfect competition, firms have no control over the price of their products because they are so easily replaceable. As a result, firms in a perfect competition must accept the market price as determined by supply and demand.

Monopolistic competition is a market structure in which there are many buyers and sellers, but the products being sold are slightly differentiated from one another. This means that while the products may be similar, they are not identical and there are small differences between them. Because of these differences, firms in monopolistic competition have some control over the price of their products. They can charge a higher price for their slightly differentiated product, but they must also compete with other firms selling similar products.

One key difference between perfect competition and monopolistic competition is the level of competition within the market. In perfect competition, there is a high level of competition because there are so many firms selling the same product. In monopolistic competition, there is still competition between firms, but it is not as intense as in perfect competition because the products being sold are slightly differentiated.

Another difference is the level of market power that firms have. In perfect competition, firms have no market power because they are so easily replaceable. In monopolistic competition, firms have some market power because of the small differences in their products. However, this market power is limited because there are still many other firms selling similar products.

In summary, perfect competition and monopolistic competition are two different market structures characterized by the level of competition within the market. Perfect competition is characterized by a high level of competition and no market power for firms, while monopolistic competition is characterized by a lower level of competition and some market power for firms.

## 6 Examples of Monopolistic Competition

But, under perfect competition, coefficient of elasticity of demand is infinite. Total revenue is the monopoly price and is calculated by price times quantity. This can lead to collusion among firms, as they may coordinate their actions and decisions in order to maximize profits. The rules for the shutdown decision is to shut down temporarily when the total revenue is less than the variable costs. It is rather easy to buy some land and farm these products, and the price for selling them is fixed. Monopolistic Markets In a Purely monopolistic markets are extremely rare and perhaps even impossible in the absence of absolute barriers to entry, such as a ban on competition or sole possession of all natural resources. Therefore, the sellers have to accept the price ascertained by the demand and supply forces of the market and sell the product, as much as they can at the price prevailing in the market.

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## Perfect, Monopoly, and Monopolistic Competition: Comparison

Clothing Stores This includes online clothing stores as well. A monopoly refers to a single producer or seller of a good or service. In the case of the federal government, it refers to the total amount of income generated from taxes, which remains unfiltered from any deductions. In that case, buyers could be persuaded to switch from one to the other. The shutdown is the short-run decision not to produce anything during a specific period of time because of the current market conditions. Example: If a firm shuts down in the short-run, how should it determine when to reverse this decision? Average total cost is total cost divided by quantity. In monopolistic competition, every firm offers products at its own price.

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## Difference Between Perfect Competition and Monopolistic Competition (with Comparison Chart)

Consumers use the different features of the products and services to determine which goods to purchase owing to taste and preferences. Nature of Firms: Under perfect competition an industry consists of a large number of firms. The average total cost is the total cost divided by quantity. Oligopoly Companies in oligopolistic industries include such large-scale enterprises as automobile companies and airlines. Every firm has to sell its product at that price. For example, Costa Coffee has higher rates than Starbucks, and they both charge much higher prices than a street vendors.

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## Monopolistic Competition: Definition, How it Works, Pros and Cons

There are four main types of market structures in economics: perfect competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and monopoly. Zero entry Barrier Low entry Barrier Does this market structure lead to allocated efficiency in the long run? That means higher the price, lower the demand. Restaurants Similar to the fast-food industry, restaurants are also a part of monopolistic competition. For example, the coffee business has low startup costs, i. Optimum Capacity and Sub-Optimal Capacity of Production: A competitive firm always produces at the minimum point of its AC curve. Generally, it is an attribute of companies that are market leaders or monopolies. .

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## Econ 12

Agriculture sees this a lot. In perfect competition, there are many small companies, none of which can control prices; they simply accept the market price determined by supply and demand. In addition to product differentiation and many firms, there are some factors that determine if a market is experiencing monopolistic competition. As such, it is difficult to find real-life examples of perfect competition. In a There are few monopolies in the United States because the government limits them.

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## Perfect Competition and Monopolistic Competition (Similarities and Dissimilarities)

Each firm, thus, behaves as a price- taker. Total revenue equals price times quantity divided by quantity which summarizes to total revenue is equal to price. Consequently, MR curve is also negative sloping and lies below the AR curve. The product or service offered for sale in a monopolistic competition are close substitutes for one another. Numerous sellers who sell close substitute goods and services to the buyers characterize a monopolistic competition. Consumer surplus is the area above the competition line and below the demand curve and producer surplus is the area below the competition line and above the supply curve. Furthermore, no restrictions apply in such markets, and there is no direct competition.

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## Perfect Competition vs Monopolistic Competition

On the other hand, perfect competition is an imaginary situation that does not exist in reality. Each firm in the market is so small that it cannot exert any influence on price and output. So, average revenue is equal to price and marginal revenue is equal to price. What differentiates them from each other is the uniqueness of each shoe brand. Hair salons and clothing are examples of industries with monopolistic competition. In addition, companies use heavy advertising and apply various marketing strategies to make their products more appealing to customers than other similar products.

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## 1.5 Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly, and Monopoly

A monopolistic market is the scope of that monopoly. If, at the point where the marginal cost meets average variable costs, prices can be captured above that point, then they can stay producing, otherwise they need to shut down. This is because there are so many firms in the market that any one firm has a very small market share, and therefore cannot influence the overall price of the goods or services. Dissimilarities between Perfect Competition and Monopolistic Competition: ADVERTISEMENTS: There are, however, certain points of dissimilarities between perfect competition and monopolistic competition. A monopoly firm or a monopolistically competitive firm produces in that region of its demand curve where the coefficient of elasticity of demand is greater than one. This condition is true during the long period only.

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