Georg Cantor was a German mathematician who is best known for his work on set theory, which laid the foundations for modern mathematics and laid the groundwork for the development of modern computer science. Cantor was born on March 3, 1845 in St. Petersburg, Russia, but his family later moved to Germany, where he received his education.

Cantor began his education at the age of 11, when he entered the Gymnasium in Darmstadt, Germany. At the Gymnasium, he studied a variety of subjects, including classical languages, literature, history, and mathematics. Cantor excelled in mathematics and developed a strong interest in the subject, which would later lead him to pursue a career in mathematics.

After completing his studies at the Gymnasium, Cantor enrolled at the University of Berlin, where he studied mathematics and physics. He became interested in the work of mathematician Bernard Bolzano, who had developed a new approach to the concept of infinity, and Cantor began to explore this topic in his own research.

Cantor's work on set theory and the concept of infinity led him to make significant contributions to the field of mathematics. He developed the theory of transfinite numbers, which extended the concept of infinity beyond the traditional notions of countable and uncountable infinity. This work was groundbreaking and helped to establish set theory as a fundamental area of study in mathematics.

In addition to his work on set theory and infinity, Cantor made important contributions to the fields of trigonometry, algebra, and analysis. He also developed the Cantor set, which is a set of points in a one-dimensional space that is infinite but has a finite measure, and the Cantor function, which is a continuous, surjective function with a fractal graph.

Cantor's work had a profound impact on the field of mathematics and his contributions continue to be recognized and studied today. He received many accolades for his work, including the Copley Medal, the highest honor given by the Royal Society, and the prestigious Order of the Elephant, which is Denmark's highest honor.

In conclusion, Georg Cantor was a highly influential mathematician who made significant contributions to the fields of set theory, infinity, and mathematics as a whole. His work laid the foundations for modern mathematics and helped to establish set theory as a fundamental area of study in the field. His contributions continue to be recognized and studied today, and his impact on the field of mathematics will be felt for generations to come.