Paraphrasing rules. Paraphrasing & Citation :: Writing Associates Program :: Swarthmore College 2022-10-27
Paraphrasing is the act of rephrasing or restating someone else's words or ideas in your own words. It is a valuable skill to have because it allows you to better understand and explain complex ideas, and it also helps to avoid plagiarism. However, it is important to follow certain rules when paraphrasing in order to give credit to the original source and to avoid misrepresenting the original idea. Here are some general rules to follow when paraphrasing:
Understand the original idea or concept thoroughly: Before you start paraphrasing, make sure you understand the main points and ideas of the original text. If you don't fully understand the concept, you may end up misrepresenting it.
Use your own words: Paraphrasing involves expressing the same ideas in your own words, not just changing a few words around. This means you should avoid using the same phrases or sentence structure as the original text.
Cite the original source: It is important to give credit to the original source whenever you paraphrase. This can be done by using in-text citations or by including a reference in your bibliography.
Check for accuracy: Make sure that your paraphrase accurately represents the original idea. If you are unsure about whether your paraphrase is accurate, you can try comparing it to the original text to see if the ideas match up.
Don't copy too closely: While it is important to accurately represent the original idea, you should also avoid copying large portions of the text verbatim. This can lead to plagiarism, even if you are citing the original source.
By following these rules, you can effectively paraphrase someone else's ideas while still giving credit to the original source and avoiding plagiarism. Paraphrasing is a valuable skill that can help you better understand and explain complex ideas, and it is an important part of academic and professional writing.
Paraphrasing & Citation :: Writing Associates Program :: Swarthmore College
Play therapists can experience many symptoms of impaired wellness, including emotional exhaustion or reduced ability to empathize with others Elwood et al. It is best to paraphrase no more than a few sentences at a time from a given text. Example 3 Original Acceptable Paraphrase: Changed Clause to Phrase The prevalence and impact of non-communicable diseases continue to grow. A note about plagiarism: This example has been classed as plagiarism, in part, because of its failure to deploy any citation. Additionally, stronger womanist attitudes—which acknowledge the unique challenges faced by women of color in a sexist and racist society—weakened the association of workplace discrimination with psychological distress.
Guidelines for Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing
Improve your credibility with readers You can also improve your credibility by association with the sources you decide to paraphrase. This is because simplification is a key part of real academic paraphrasing. But paraphrasing is more than just replacing words and phrases. Shortening a long quote is a great way to retain the original phrasing while ensuring that the quote reads well in your paper. Here are just a few of the common reasons that a writer would choose to paraphrase instead of including a quote or summarization.
Optimize Academic Writing by Paraphrasing
Original Plagiarism Paraphrasing Because of their unique perspective, Americans fear globalization less than anyone else, and as a consequence they think about it less than anyone else. Why is this unacceptable? David is a Test Prep Expert for Magoosh TOEFL and IELTS. About the Author Scribendi's in-house editors work with writers from all over the globe to perfect their writing. If you're having trouble getting away from an author's exact words, you might want to simply include their exact words as a quotation with proper citations. Thus you may use these words without placing them in quotation marks.
3 Guidelines For Paraphrasing Content In Academic Papers
Academic writers and students face the additional stress of ensuring that they have properly documented their sources. Write a rough draft Write your version of the content without looking at the original source material. You shouldn't have to resort to a thesaurus unless you are completely unsure about what a word means—although, in that case, a dictionary might be a better tool. If you do not understand any of the words, consult your dictionary. At this stage, you might also break up long sentences, combine short ones, expand phrases for clarity, or shorten them for conciseness, or you might do this in an additional step. The paraphrased paragraph of Cixous' essay includes a direct quote and a paraphrase citation. However, paraphrasing can quickly become a form of plagiarism if done incorrectly.
Following are some tips and techniques for effective paraphrasing: Paraphrasing Tips There are five essential steps to paraphrasing any text. . Quotation within a quotation Use single quotation marks for the embedded quotation: According to Hertzberg 2002 , Dahl gives the U. Paraphrasing has gotten a bad reputation due to its association with plagiarism. Like handwriting your paraphrases on notecards, taking notes and coming back to them later will help you distance yourself from the source, allowing you to forget the original wording and use your own style. Once you have identified the structure of the original sentence, you can reconstruct it using one of the different types of sentences illustrated above. However, in some cases, simply hyperlinking the source will be sufficient.
How to Paraphrase
A Legitimate Paraphrase In her study of the roles of nurses in a critical care unit, Chase 1995 also found a hierarchy that distinguished the roles of experts and others. However, when used correctly, paraphrasing has the potential to elevate your writing and give you a better understanding of the research. A good paraphrase combines a number of strategies: the goal is to rephrase the information so that it appears in your words, not those of the author. In fact, probably only about 10% of the final copy should consist of directly quoted material. So to increase high credibility in your research paper can be done easily by paraphrasing content in academic papers. Most of the time, only replacing words while rewriting comes across as uncreative and lazy.
Paraphrasing without Plagiarizing
Why is this plagiarism? To paraphrase is not to omit words and replace them with new ones, but instead to summarize what you understand from the original text. Rather, it is meant to demonstrate that you are capable of explaining the text in your own language. Ideally, you should be able to use clear, simple language that is familiar to you when reporting findings or other information from a study. The idea should be the same, but the words and sentence structure should be totally different. For example, stating that George Washington was president from 1789-1797 does not require a citation because the reader could easily find this information in any encyclopedia or American history book. Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because.
What did the writer do? Lester Thurow 1993 maintains that because Americans see globalization simply as a bigger form of their own economy, they are less concerned about it than is the rest of the world. Leave shared language unchanged. You can also try Jeremy Plotnick's idea of When you're paraphrasing something, it means you are putting someone else's writing in your own words. In other words, proper paraphrasing shows that you are familiar with the ideas in your field, and it enables you to support your own research with in-text citations. Read and re-read the source material You want to be sure that you understand the context and information in the original source before you can begin to rework it into your own words. When you paraphrase, be sure that you understand the text clearly.