Ferdinand magellan father. 7 Interesting Facts about Ferdinand Magellan 2022-10-13
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Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who is credited with completing the first circumnavigation of the Earth. He was born in 1480 in Sabrosa, a small town in northern Portugal. His father, Rui de Magalhães, was a member of the Portuguese nobility and served as the alcaide-mor (governor) of the town.
Magellan's early life is somewhat shrouded in mystery, but it is believed that he received a good education and was well-versed in the sciences, mathematics, and navigation. He also had a strong interest in exploration and adventure from a young age.
In 1505, Magellan joined the Portuguese navy and participated in several expeditions to India and the East Indies. He quickly rose through the ranks and became a trusted member of the Portuguese royal court. However, despite his successes, Magellan became disillusioned with the Portuguese monarchy and began to seek opportunities elsewhere.
In 1519, Magellan secured funding from the Spanish crown and set out on an expedition to find a western route to the Spice Islands (now known as the Moluccas). He assembled a crew of about 270 men and set sail with five ships, eventually reaching the southern tip of South America. After a series of conflicts and setbacks, only one ship, the "Victoria," managed to complete the journey, returning to Spain in 1522 with 18 surviving crew members.
Magellan did not live to see the completion of his journey, as he was killed in the Philippines in 1521. However, his legacy as a pioneering explorer and navigator lives on to this day. His journey was a major achievement in the history of exploration, paving the way for further European exploration and colonization of the New World.
In conclusion, Ferdinand Magellan's father, Rui de Magalhães, was a member of the Portuguese nobility and served as the alcaide-mor of Sabrosa. Magellan, who was born in 1480, received a good education and became a successful explorer and navigator, participating in several expeditions to India and the East Indies before setting out on his famous circumnavigation of the Earth. Despite facing many challenges and setbacks, Magellan's journey was a major milestone in the history of exploration and helped to shape the modern world.
7 Interesting Facts about Ferdinand Magellan
Before taking to the sea, however, they marched in procession to the venerable cathedral, there solemnly to celebrate their departure and witness the blessing of the banner presented to Almeida by the king. Then, trying to lay hand on sword, he could draw it out but halfway, because he had been wounded in the arm with a bamboo spear. Whether they corresponded, during those long years of separation, we do not know but the remembrance of his youthful sweetheart may have kept the young soldier from many evils, into which so many of his companions wildly plunged, in their dissolute days of soldiering. This is inferred from the fact that according to Bartolomeo Agensola, author of the Conquest of the Moluccas he first entered the service of Queen Leonor as a page. He aimed a blow at Magellan's back, between the shoulders; but his prey in prospective was alert, for he had seen the sinister shadow, projected by the faint light of a waning moon. When the time came they should learn their position and keep it; but meanwhile he, Magellan, remembered only that he was a servant of the king, to whose service he had offered his life.
. The two craft proceeded as directed, first entering a narrow channel between lofty shores, then disclosing a broader body of water which the Spaniards called Lago de los Estrechos, or Lake of the Straits. Soon after the giant had been allowed to go ashore a body of natives appeared, among them some women, leading several guanacos by leathern halters. She made her way southward, and about sixty miles from her port of departure found a large river, which Serrao named the Santa Cruz. One of the pilots had advised continuing on until the middle of January, sailing only during the daytime, so that the crews might have time for rest; but Magellan knew this to be impossible, and gave his men leave on shore for refreshment at Cabo Deseado. Their route to the east, by way of Africa, had proved to be the only practical way of getting by sea to India and the Spice Islands. It is probable that he took it, since one historian, Argensola, makes the statement absolutely, while against him is merely the silence of the several others who wrote of Magellan's doings at this time.
This idea, crystallized into an intelligible and definite scheme, Fernan Magellan took to his sovereign, expecting—at least, hoping—that he would assist him to carry it out. After a day of toil at the India house, Fernan had slipped over to a dinner with Bishop Fonseca, at whose house he was always welcome. At the first change of the monsoon they hastened back to the Malabar coast, there to find the fortresses they had previously erected razed to the ground, and not only the Zamorim and the King of Calicut in open rebellion, but a new and more powerful enemy opposed to the Portuguese. In fact, it is not known that he ever received systematic training under the eye of a tutor, for his father probably shared the belief, then generally prevalent, that the sons of hidalgos needed no education, save that which fitted them for attendance at court and the profession of arms. Captain Quesada was declared guilty, not only of treason, but of murder, having given the boatswain Lorriaga a wound which caused his death. .
One night of inky darkness, when the wind was howling through the rigging of the fleet, and the great seas rushing past like troops of white-maned horses, there appeared about the main-top of the flag-ship a star-shaped body like a blazing torch. Here, cook, bring me a bunch of garlic and a bunch of onions. Through a mistake of the pilot, Magellan's vessel ran on a reef, in the group of islands known as the Laccadives, about one hundred miles from Cananor. And when, in the church of Santa Maria de la Victoria, at Seville, Dona Beatrix saw her husband intrusted with the royal standard, and heard the plaudits lavished upon him as he took the oath of allegiance to the king, surrounded by the greatest and noblest of Spain's dignitaries, doubtless her heart swelled with pride, and sorrow was for a time thrust into the background. The fleet had left the river and harbor on October 18th, as the weather conditions had vastly improved, and signs of spring were on every hand. He whirled around with great rapidity, and with his sword slashed the would-be assassin across the face. Algumas Observações sobre a Naturalidade e a Família de Fernão de Magalhães in Portuguese.
This may have been because he was still under the spell of that necromancer, Ruy Faleiro; but whatever the cause, he promised to take the matter up with the king, who was then absent on a hunting-trip, and this was equivalent to stamping it with the royal approval. He told of the vast wealth to be accumulated there in spices, and expressed his belief which Ruy Faleiro confirmed that the Moluccas belonged to Spain, not to Portugal, as they lay west of the pope's line of demarcation, which was projected in 1494 by the treaty of Tordesillas. Two weeks, however, was all he thought he could spare, for the voyage ahead was to be long, and he wished to get to winter quarters before the inclement weather set in. This wound, in fact, which was received in a charge he led upon the Arab vanguard, was the cause of lameness during the remainder of his life, and ever after he walked with a perceptible limp. Instantly, while Mendoza's crew stood appalled and helpless, Duarte Barbosa led his men over the Victoria's rail, and encircled Espinosa with a bristling array of pikes and lances.
Portuguese historians aver that the suggestion to denaturalize himself was "of the devil," and point to the fact that Fernan Magellan's most intimate friend was an astrologer, and hence in league with the powers of darkness. Were he likely to do so, the persistent Faleiro—whose one love was knowledge, and whose only mistress was science—would have reminded him of his duty, for, seemingly aware that his time was short, he could brook no delay. . Faleiro was already babbling of the voyage's successful outcome, and of the idea which he had suggested to Fernan, his friend, who, but for him, would never have thought of attaining the Spiceries by a western passage, but who was already reaping all the honors as prospective commander of the fleet. Nine years later, in 1513, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, until then an unknown adventurer, was favored with the first glimpse of the ocean now known as the Pacific; and seven years after, Magellan found the way into it from the Atlantic.
The cry went up all over the ship: "For the king and for Magellan," and was heard by the crew of the Concepcion, who promptly surrendered to the captains of the Santiago and Victoria. It is a matter of note that few of those directly connected with the outfitting and sailing of the fleet survived by many years its departure and return. They arrived at Malacca July 1st; but though the city had no strong defences, it held out six long weeks, so fierce were the men who defended it, and so numerous the cannon with which it was provided. It seems wonderful that the five ships kept together, almost within speaking distance of one another, throughout the long voyage down the African coast, then across to South America; but that they did so was owing to the precautions of Magellan, who omitted attention to no detail, however minute. So hospitable were these, the first people Magellan encountered in America, that they built him a big bohio, or native house, many feet in length, and roofing it with thatch of palm-leaves, half filled it with precious Brazil-wood, in order to induce him to remain. As soon, however, as they discovered the trick by which they had been entrapped, they cast away their gifts, and yelled to their friends ashore, in voices that seemed like the bellowing of mad bulls.
Since Magellan was the one who began it, Portugal wanted to recognize a Portuguese explorer, and Spain feared Basque nationalism. In December, they made landfall at During the winter, one of the fleet's ships, the Santiago, was lost in a storm while surveying nearby waters, though no men were killed. Magellan had been troubled about their continued absence, and the crews shared his apprehensions; but when the two pioneers hove in sight, with their flags flying in the wind and cannon booming loudly, all then knew that favorable news was soon to be received. Fate, it would seem, bore hard upon these two, and who can but lament the unhappy termination of their wedded life, as brief as it was nearly perfect? A second time, despite his reluctance to do so, Magellan put the question to his officers: "Will ye continue with me, or return? The mutineers would not come out voluntarily to engage him, so Magellan had forced them out, and herein lay his strategy, which was beyond the understanding of his enemies, and caused them bewilderment. He offered him the royal pardon, not only, but the rewards of a high position, if he would leave Spain and return to Portugal; but Magellan would not listen. Retrieved 31 March 2021. After seven years spent in distant lands in the service of his king, cruising and fighting continually, Magellan made his way back to the country of his birth, where only paltry honors, without substantial emolument, were his reward.
They were in imminent peril, for the Malays held virtual possession of their boats and were bent upon their destruction. But the young man went off to the wars, the maiden accompanied her father to Spain, and so they were separated. . The ambassador charged with the important mission was one Alvaro da Costa, Dom Manoel's grand chamberlain and keeper of the robes. Legacy Mare pacificum, and the Frenum Magaliani Magellan has come to be renowned for his navigational skill and tenacity. He landed a party of soldiers, and while they advanced upon the forts amused the Arabs with cannon-play from the ships so successfully that the outworks were soon carried, and within a short time the city itself fell into his hands. The Long-Sought Strait 1520 John the Giant quickly found some others of his fellow-countrymen and women, whom he evidently told of the good treatment he had received, as they came swarming to the shore.
Forty men, including the ringleaders mentioned, were found guilty of treason, and sentenced to death. In consideration of his great services, he was promoted to the rank of nobleman, entitled to a coat of arms, and his pension was doubled, so that he was privileged to draw from the royal treasury the sum of twenty-four dollars per annum. A friend of an official high in position, one Aranda, was deputed to purchase the ships, which were obtained at Cadiz, and were in such poor condition that the Portuguese factor, who was spying upon these proceedings for his king, reported them unsafe even for a voyage to the Canaries. May God the Almighty grant that they make a voyage like that of the Cortereals; and that your highness may remain at rest, and ever be envied—as your highness is—by all princes! But the Portuguese now had pilots of their own, and it was not necessary to seek one at Melinda; hence, Almeida pushed straight out towards the Malabar coast, where the fleetest ships of the squadron arrived the last week of October. There was no proof of the design, however, and feeling, perhaps, that he had judged the king too hastily, the captain allowed the Malays free access to his ships, which had been divested of nearly all their small boats under a pretext by the king of Malacca that he had a large quantity of pepper and spices ready for shipment.