The compare and contrast structure is a common organizational method used to discuss the similarities and differences between two or more items. This structure is often used in academic writing, particularly in essays, as it helps to clearly and effectively communicate the points being made.
One of the key features of the compare and contrast structure is that it allows the writer to highlight the similarities and differences between the items being compared. This can be done through the use of various techniques, such as using transitional words and phrases, using parallelism, and using specific examples to illustrate the points being made.
One way to organize a compare and contrast essay is to use the point-by-point structure, in which the writer discusses one aspect of both items in each paragraph. For example, if the writer is comparing and contrasting two different novels, they might discuss the characters in one paragraph, the plot in another, and the themes in a third. This structure allows the writer to thoroughly analyze each aspect of both items, and to make clear connections between them.
Another way to organize a compare and contrast essay is to use the block structure, in which the writer discusses all of the aspects of one item in one section, and then all of the aspects of the other item in a separate section. This structure allows the writer to delve more deeply into each item, and to provide more detailed analysis. However, it can be more difficult to make clear connections between the two items using this structure.
Overall, the compare and contrast structure is a useful tool for discussing the similarities and differences between two or more items. By using transitional words and phrases, parallelism, and specific examples, writers can effectively and clearly communicate their points. Whether using the point-by-point or block structure, it is important for writers to carefully consider their purpose and audience in order to choose the most effective organizational method for their compare and contrast essay.
As supported by Haywood and Getchell 2004 , the maturational perspective describes the developmental modifications and shifts of functionalities in the maturational processes, specifically in terms of the four elements: 1 social components, 2 physical and biological characteristics, 3 adaptation and cultural flexibility, and 4 the standard cognitive development of human being p. According to their theory of maturation, all children go through the same stages of development in the same orderbut not necessarily presenting them at the same time. Some aspects of these theories overlap, while others are distinctly different. According to the assumptions of the theory, the development of motor component is an integral and innate process facilitated by the biological or genetic time clock. This means that each child develops in a specific order and at their own pace. Theorists have also discussed the extent to which development is universal and how much of it is unique to individuals.
Examples Of Maturational Theory In The Classroom Essay on Child development, Psychology
Early experience drives the ability to discriminate contrasts according to 3 the perceptual learning theory. Dixon, in Encounters with Children Fourth Edition , 2006 MATURATIONAL THEORY—NORMATIVE APPROACH Proponents of the maturational theory regard development as the inevitable unfolding of events determined internally by the forces of genetics and the neuromaturational processes that the genes direct. Generalization and individuality The theory of maturation maintains, as has already been said, that all children develop in the same sequence in terms of their behavioral and physiological development, however, it also points to each one doing so at his own pace. They are all examples of physical maturation. . Steward leadership is a form of leadership that focuses on others, the community and society at large, rather than the self.
These changes are influenced by the female hormone known as estrogen. Initially, this type of category structure results in asymmetries in discrimination. Weiss, in Bayley 4 Clinical Use and Interpretation, 2020 Dr. Babies That Have Not Mastered Object Permanence Find Peek-a-boo Engaging The second stage, lasting from ages two until around six, is known as the pre-operational stage. Later they begin to acquire a better control of their saccadic movements, movements of the neck, shoulders, arms, hands, fingers, legs and feet. Think back on when you were a very young child. Another aspect also quite criticized is that it generalizes too much as to the order in which this maturation occurs.
WRAPSA assumes that infants first have access to prosodic information, then syllabic, and only later phonetic. Motor development is the development of control over the body. Gene—environment processes in task persistence. These are just a few examples of how maturational theory can be used in the classroom. Her research focus is on supporting the development of mature leaders and cultures that can enable human flourishing in organizations. During acquisition, the output of the auditory analyzer is weighted to give prominence to features that are required for contrasting words.
The Maturational and Role Perspectives on Aging and Self Through the Adult Years: An Empirical Evaluation
The NLM uses acoustic cues as the source of information available to the listener. The best way to ensure that satisfactory maturation is acquired and that the individual acquires the behaviors that allow him to fully develop both socially and intellectually is to make the family aware of the speed that maturation is acquiring. Later, nonnative speech sounds will be collapsed into native ones. His theory of cognitive development posited four different stages: sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational, and formal operational stages. As for the more complex behavior, babies first learn to sit, then to stand up without the need of adult support, walking and finally running.
The source of debate is the question of which has a greater influence on development: someone's innate characteristics provided by genetics, or someone's environment. This approach is reflected in the neuromotor items of the Bayley-4, including inhibition of early reflexes. The models diverge in the way phonemic categories are formed. Cognitive maturation is the process of development in the way we think as we grow. Gesell believed that individual differences in growth rates are a result of the internal genetic mechanisms. One example of maturational theory in the classroom is the idea that younger children are more likely to learn through concrete experiences, while older children are more likely to learn through abstract concepts.
Some changes that are undergone during puberty are similar in both males and females, such as growth spurts, growth of pubic hair, and the production of various hormones that guide the process of biological maturation. Best's perceptual assimilation model PAM and Kuhl's native language magnet model NLM were proposed to explain general and language-specific perception of speech sounds. In this way, WRAPSA and PRIMIR are comparable. She also has a Bachelor's of Science in Biological Sciences from California University. Behavioral and psychological components of development are also governed by the developmental sequence based on his observation among infants and children. Denise DeCooman Denise DeCooman was a teaching assistant for the General Zoology course at California University of Pennsylvania while she earned her Master's of Science in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from fall semester of 2015 and spring of 2017.
Theories Of Child Development nurture argument. Piaget's first stage of cognitive development, the sensorimotor stage, occurs from birth through age two and culminates with the achievement of object permanence. According to this model, native language acquisition is a two step process: In the first stage, the perceptual space is warped in a language-specific way according to auditory i. His theory posits that all children go through the same sequential stages of maturation, but each individual child develops and completes milestones on their own personal timelines. Word forms are sequences that have been identified as possible lexical candidates that eventually or simultaneously become linked to meaning. .
Depression Nature Vs Nurture When discussing human characteristics many statements are made regarding whether or not an individual was born with certain traits, or if they were raised in an environment that instilled the traits in them. Ultimately, nature and nurture intertwine to shape the lives of children. Maturational theory is not without its critics, but it remains an important part of child development research and has applications in the classroom. Through the process of senescence, or aging, we move from early adulthood through middle adulthood and lastly into late adulthood. Maturational theory can help teachers identify developmentally appropriate activities and strategies for their students. The role theory of aging and the maturational perspective differ with regard to whether aging is a problematic or positive process. Meanwhile, in the study of Burkham, LoGerfo and Ready 2007 , Early Childhood Longitudinal Study is used in order to investigate the maturational patterns 1 among those repeating kindergartens, and 2 subsequent cognitive effects of the event.
The stages of maturational development in children
Carmichael's Manual of Child Psychology. The intrinsic factors include genetics, temperament, personality, learning styles, as well as physical and mental growth. These debates have merits independently but require each other for a better understanding of child Nature vs. This approach is reflected in some of the early neurodevelopmental gross motor items in the Bayley-4. Word recognition occurs by the use of representations that act as probes. PRIMIR assumes that the same general statistical learning mechanisms are operating over the different levels of analysis simultaneously.