Age stratification theory examples. Age Stratification Definition & Explanation 2022-10-04
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Age stratification theory is a sociological theory that explains how age is used to create social hierarchies within societies. This theory suggests that age is a key factor in the way that individuals are treated and valued within society, and that this treatment and value often varies based on an individual's age.
One example of age stratification can be seen in the way that older individuals are often seen as more respected and valued within society. This can manifest in various ways, such as older individuals being given more authority and leadership roles within organizations, or being seen as more trustworthy and knowledgeable. This respect and value given to older individuals is often referred to as "age prestige."
Another example of age stratification can be seen in the way that age is used to discriminate against certain groups of people. For instance, age discrimination is a common problem in the workplace, where older individuals may be passed over for promotions or job opportunities in favor of younger, less experienced candidates. This discrimination can be based on stereotypes and biases about older workers being less productive or less able to adapt to new technologies, even if these stereotypes are not supported by evidence.
Age stratification can also be seen in the way that different age groups are treated differently in the criminal justice system. For example, research has shown that older individuals are often given more lenient sentences for crimes, possibly due to the belief that they are less likely to reoffend or that they are more deserving of mercy due to their age. On the other hand, younger individuals may be more harshly punished, possibly due to the belief that they are more likely to be "rehabilitated" or that they are more capable of committing crimes due to their relative youth.
Overall, age stratification theory highlights the ways in which age is used to create social hierarchies and to discriminate against certain groups of people. Understanding this theory can help us to recognize and address these inequalities, and to work towards creating a more equal and just society for people of all ages.
Age Stratification Theory
However, over time, the theory has faced a wealth of criticism, specifically for its assumption that all people withdraw from society in old age. Vassals were often knights who would have to pay taxes to the lords, and fight in wars on behalf of the king when required. Make sure that your printout includes all content from the page. All the ideas and notions that we associate with aging have been created by members of society. Economics, health, and relationship status also all fall under the meaning of social stratification. There are three reasons why people do so. Some believe that class identity has declined, while others argue that class is still incredibly important in shaping lives and experiences.
These theories all rely on the functionalist and structure assumptions. Peasants and serfs lacked any special privileges, while on the other end of the spectrum, lords would act with relative impunity to laws of society. If the population has a high number of adults, the government needs to think about initiating more employment opportunities for them. Karl Marx was a German philosopher, sociologist, economist, and revolutionary socialist. The age and society paradigm explains an important concept about how people belonging to different age groups move across the social structure. According to continuity theory , the elderly make specific choices to maintain consistency in internal personality structure, beliefs and external structures relationships , remaining active and involved throughout their elder years.
For example, a woman of colour will have different experiences than a White woman, even if they have similar socioeconomic backgrounds. This aligns with the symbolic interactionist view that it is up to individuals to convert their struggles and failings into strengths. It explains how the processes of selection, optimization, and compensation are the keys to managing everyday life and experiencing successful personal development. Theories of social stratification have been popularized by key figures. What is a Stratified Society? Weber, power and authority Max Weber theorised that power comes from either coercion forcing someone to do something or authority when one person willingly obeys another. While this occurs in all life stages, scholars of gerontology focus on how elderly populations manage their daily lives with the gains and losses that come with this stage of life.
Though it may seem obvious now, with our awareness of ageism, age stratification theorists were the first to suggest that members of society might be stratified by age, just as they are stratified by race, class, and gender. Davis and Moore further claim that any society can be equal, but only to the extent that people are willing to let anyone perform any job. In America for example, they have the upper class, middle class lower class etc. Modernization theorists also suggest that the extended family provides a place and specific role for elderly people. For example, when we were young kids, teenagers seemed to be very old. You will find that it is harder for on older person to find a job, because the work force do not want the elderly working for them, or if they are already working they might would force them into early retirement.
As a result of this exploitation, Marx foresaw a workers' revolution. But a woman whose interactions make her feel valued and important will have a stronger sense of self and a happier life. A stratified random sampling involves dividing the entire population into homogeneous groups called strata plural for stratum. High-school children become adults, and middle-school children move up into the vacant role of high schoolers. They are believed to have come from the mouth of Purusha. Ethel is active, very optimistic and has a positive outlook Why Does Gender Stratification Exist? The caste system was officially abandoned and outlawed in India in the 20th Century.
For example, Marxists suggest that society is unstable due to the class conflict between the rich bourgeoisie ruling class and the poor proletariat working class. In sum age stratification theory states that norms are an aspect of how, when, and why a person ages as they do. During late adulthood senses and motor functions have deteriorated much more than in middle adulthood, which may lead to stereotypes. The concept of ageing and age stratification was first determined by Riley and his colleagues. Stratification is natural and must occur for a society to operate effectively. How does stratification happen? This way, we can make up compensate for the losses of wider social, economic, and physical goals that we had in previous life stages.
Let's explore the major gerontological perspectives in sociology. This type of definition typically refers to monetary differences, but also takes on concepts such as education and religion. In this theory, the physical decline postulated by disengagement theory may result in more dependence, but that is not necessarily negative, as it allows aging individuals to save their energy for the most meaningful activities. Significance of social class There are many ongoing debates about whether social class is as significant in people's lives as it used to be. In many cases, elderly prisoners are physically incapable of committing a violent—or possibly any—crime. Riley also defined ageing as a structure. Women have historically found themselves unable to participate in democracy, get an education at a university, obtain employment, obtain a loan, and be treated with respect by men they interact with.
Another theory within the symbolic interaction perspective is selective optimization with compensation theory. As we discussed earlier, different age groups, different cohorts, often have different social expectations. The subculture of aging theory posits that the elderly create their own communities because they have been excluded from other groups. This is an attempt to maintain social equilibrium and stability by making future decisions on the basis of already developed social roles Atchley 1971; Atchley 1989. The Importance of Aging Theories Theories of aging are important because they allow us to understand how aging can be conceptualized from different perspectives. Today, we can do pretty much everything through a smartphone and this has led to the emergence of mobile apps as an integral part of our daily lives.