Horticultural crops of pakistan. Future Scope of Horticulture Crops: Pakistan Essay Example 2022-10-31
Horticultural crops of pakistan
Pakistan is a country with diverse climates and soil types, which allows for the cultivation of a wide range of horticultural crops. These crops include fruits, vegetables, and flowers, and they play a significant role in the country's agriculture sector.
Fruits are an important horticultural crop in Pakistan, with a variety of tropical and subtropical fruits being grown in different parts of the country. Some of the most common fruit crops grown in Pakistan include mangoes, bananas, apples, oranges, and grapes. Mango is the most important fruit crop in the country, and it is grown in almost every province. Pakistan is the fifth-largest producer of mangoes in the world, with a production of over 1.8 million metric tons. Other popular fruit crops include citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, and grapefruits, as well as apples, pears, and grapes.
Vegetables are another important horticultural crop in Pakistan, with a variety of vegetables being grown throughout the country. Some of the most common vegetables grown in Pakistan include potatoes, onions, tomatoes, peas, and beans. Pakistan is the fifth-largest producer of potatoes in the world, with a production of over 7 million metric tons. The country is also a major producer of onions, with a production of over 3 million metric tons. Other popular vegetables grown in Pakistan include tomatoes, peas, beans, and various types of leafy greens.
Flowers are also an important horticultural crop in Pakistan, with a variety of flowers being grown for both domestic and export markets. Some of the most common flowers grown in Pakistan include roses, marigolds, and chrysanthemums. Pakistan is the fifth-largest exporter of cut flowers in the world, with a significant portion of its exports going to European countries. The country's flower industry is supported by a network of flower farms and greenhouses, as well as an organized supply chain that includes transportation, storage, and processing facilities.
In conclusion, horticultural crops, including fruits, vegetables, and flowers, play a significant role in Pakistan's agriculture sector. These crops are grown throughout the country, with a variety of tropical and subtropical fruits, a range of vegetables, and a number of flowers being produced for both domestic and export markets.
Present Status and Future Scope of Horticulture in Pakistan
Many agriculture value chains identified here will struggle to sustain themselves and adopt best practices in the absence of assistance. Irfan Ashraf, Lecturer Research Description Vegetable production is a subject of enormous scope. The writer is Chairman of the Department of Horticulture at PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi Published in The Express Tribune, December 26 th, 2022. The irrigated land is 75 per cent 15. Pass and enforce laws to check the mushrooming growth of tube wells and the high rate of abstraction. Institute of Policy Studies, The Islamic Foundation.
Horticulture crops in Pakistan
The provincial food departments and a parastatal, the Pakistan Storage and Supplies Corporation, procure wheat up to a target amount, after which the private sector may procure wheat. Horticulture is relatively manageable and productive with an intensive pattern of farming, especially for geo-sensitive regions and farmers with low landholdings. Outdated irrigation practices have led to inefficient water usage in Pakistan. Contract farming was recently introduced in Pakistan on a limited scale. The effect of investment on poverty depends largely on how water availability affects demand for agricultural labor by increasing agricultural intensity and the area under cultivation.
Pakistan Society for Horticultural Science
However among all species Sindhri mangoes have gained a big importance. Only provincial seed corporations are permitted to multiply improved cultivars released by public researchers, and handle their processing and sale to farmers. They tend to be simple and focused on urban areas. It is now clear that climate change is already affecting the western glaciers far more seriously than in the damper Eastern Himalayas. Permanent tenants long associated with a certain plot of land are often delegated a right to membership, though this remains the prerogative of the landlord and is thus vulnerable to manipulation. A major constraint in the horticultural sub sector is the availability of appropriate facilities for harvest and post-harvest management. Each of the horticultural products requires a specific supply chain management.
Future Scope of Horticulture Crops: Pakistan Essay Example
The regulatory framework for the water sector should address the relationship of groundwater entitlements to surface water rights and actual surface water deliveries by involving users in groundwater monitoring and voluntary self-regulation. The programme has a dual focus on either professional practice or research. The high rate of post harvest losses in fruits and vegetables and rising consumer prices are resulting in low returns to the growers and traders, besides limiting the national exports. Improvement of horticultural crops using tissue culture as a tool Biotechnological investigations for characterization and improvement of horticultural crops Development of micropropagation protocols for the elite fruit, vegetable, ornamental and other horticultural crops 2 Olericulture Section Research Team Dr. The domestic price analysis shows large fluctuation in prices of most of the commodities; with minimum at peak supply periods and maximum at short supply time. Private sector actors are reluctant to research and develop new products as Pakistan does not protect breeders' rights.
Pakistan's food and agriculture systems
The production analysis shows that share of fruits and vegetable is 48. From 1993 to 1997, real growth in the agricultural sector averaged 5. The focus has remained on the production of staple food and most of the cultivated area is covered by cereals or cash crops. Packing technologies to popularize among the farming communities through introduction of card board packs and high quality lining materials. Over the last decade, population increased by 2. Further, high-value crops such as spices, cotton, and groundnut, produce more employment per drop of water than traditional crops. Confusing policies hamper private sector crop development, yet Pakistan could well become a wheat exporter as most of its commercial crop is irrigated.
Horticulture: an obvious solution
By virtue of early maturing hybrid varieties, multiple cropping cycles are now possible in a single unit area, adding to the financial stability of farmers. Some well established private sector trade groups collect, transport, store, and assemble rural produce, and trade in and outside the country. Further down in K-P, Punjab and AJK, most of the temperate and sub-temperate fruits are commercially produced. Despite the evidence of integration of water uses at the local level, there are few "multiple-use water organizations. Such assistance should focus on policy reforms in specific commodities, on raising farm productivity and energizing commodity markets by improving credit and business development services, on targeting growth of small and medium-scale farming, and on involving women in positive roles. Agro-climatic conditions of the country offer diverse opportunity for the production of large number of quality fruits. Provincial extension departments need to inform farmers of safe methods of pesticide application.
Agriculture in Pakistan
The small items of machinery and shading nets to be used by the flowers and ornamental plant nurseries should be exempted from the levy of duty. Irrigation managers have for some time considered spatial inequity in relation to physical structure, but inequitable access due to tenancy, gender, or other socioeconomic factors is less frequently considered. Quality is unsatisfactory due to conventional farming, non-judicious use of inputs, pre-harvest and post-harvest problems. To identify and improve ornamental crops suitable for the production under different ecological regions of Pakistan. There is an urgent need to bring withdrawals into balance with recharge and since much groundwater recharge in the Indus Basin -about 80 percent-is from canals, this requires an integrated approach to surface and groundwater.
The power generated by the microhydels is compatible with irrigation since only the head and not the total water volume is reduced so the irrigation command area does not have to be reduced. Meanwhile, total factor productivity is stagnant. Out of the total area planted with vegetables, 17% is under potatoes, 15% under chillies, 12% under onions and the rest under 30 different kinds of vegetables. Following the poor harvest of 1993, the government introduced agriculture assistance policies, including increased support prices for many agricultural commodities and expanded availability of agricultural credit. Drawbacks are numerous: - Farmers have little incentive and ability to produce more. More than half the farmers in Sindh may be keeping part of their land fallow because water is scarce. Due to this, Pakistan has had to import several staple foods from other countries during the current fiscal year.
Only a limited amount of the remaining water is actually absorbed, and used by the crops due to poor soil texture and unlevelled fields. Land administration and accountability appears challenged; it is difficult and costly to access records, which turn out to be inherently unreliable. The justice system as a whole needs reform to make services accountable and to empower the disadvantaged, particularly women. The vegetable crops could thus be used to substantiate the cereal crops. While in vegetable production potato, onion, and tomato share 29, 25 and 6 % respectively. Islamization of Laws and Economy, Case Studies on Pakistan.