White temple and its ziggurat ap art history. White Temple/Ziggurat Flashcards 2022-10-16
White temple and its ziggurat ap art history Rating:
The White Temple, also known as the Temple of the White Goddess, is a Mesoamerican temple located in the ancient city of Teotihuacan in modern-day Mexico. The temple is known for its distinctive white facade, which gives it its name, and its unique ziggurat-like structure.
The White Temple was built around the year 100 AD, during the height of the Teotihuacan civilization. It is thought to have been a sacred site for the worship of the goddess Tlazolteotl, the patron deity of fertility, childbirth, and purification. The temple was constructed using a combination of stone and adobe, and was decorated with intricate carvings and murals depicting scenes from Teotihuacan mythology.
One of the most striking features of the White Temple is its ziggurat-like structure. A ziggurat is a type of ancient Mesopotamian temple-tower, characterized by its stepped pyramid shape and the presence of a shrine or temple at the top. The White Temple's ziggurat is thought to have been used for ceremonies and rituals, and may have symbolized the connection between the earthly world and the divine.
Despite its impressive size and grandeur, the White Temple was abandoned by the Teotihuacan civilization around the year 750 AD. It was rediscovered by archaeologists in the 20th century, and has since become a popular tourist destination and a symbol of the ancient civilization's artistic and cultural achievements.
Today, the White Temple is a valuable source of information for historians and archaeologists studying the history and culture of the Teotihuacan civilization. Its unique ziggurat structure and beautiful decorations provide a glimpse into the religious beliefs and practices of the ancient Mesoamerican people, and help to shed light on the role that the temple played in their society. Overall, the White Temple is a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of the ancient Teotihuacanos, and is a must-see destination for anyone interested in the art and history of Mesoamerica.
12. White Temple and its childhealthpolicy.vumc.org
The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. A History of the Ancient Near East, ca. Ziggurats are made of mud-bricks—the building material of choice in the Near East, as stone is rare. The grandeur of monuments like this one, as well as their ubiquity and centrality, suggests the profound role that religion played in the earliest urban experiences. Uruk modern Warka in Iraq —where city life began more than five thousand years ago and where the first writing emerged—was clearly one of the most important places in southern Mesopotamia. Don't forget to follow below. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exist countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained.
CONTENT: King Narmer is shown on the palette, and his name is written in one of the earliest found examples of hieroglyphic inscription. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Web site. Within Uruk, the greatest monument was the Anu Ziggurat on which the White Temple was built. The arms of the couples are outstretched, perhaps to hold items relating to a banquet. Found in one of the largest graves at the royal cemeteries of Ur. The only way up to the top of the ziggurat was via a steep stairway that led to a ramp that wrapped around the north end of the Ziggurat and brought one to the temple entrance. The god Horus is also thought to have been shown here, in the form of a falcon with a human arm.
AP art hist White Temple and its childhealthpolicy.vumc.org
Also, archaeologists uncovered a foundation deposit of the bones of a leopard and a lion in the eastern corner of the Temple foundation deposits, ritually buried objects and bones, are not uncommon in ancient architecture. CONTEXT: Temple 1550 BCE; hall 1250 BCE. CONTENT: The Lamassu are portrayed as beasts with wings, but heads of men. Her facial features and inscriptions of her name do, however, describe her as female. CONTEXT: 31st century BC; Egypt. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
AP Art History: The Ancient Mediterranean by Region
If you train somebody to be able to read and write, there is certainly a massive investment in time. You are not going to ask this person, then, to farm a field, or herd some sheep, or something like that. She wears an archaic smile, and is thought to represent ideal femininity. The form of the ziggurat, with its high platformed based with many stairs, lends itself to be restricted and indeed it was. He is shown as a warrior, as depicted on panels painted onto his chest, despite his age.
In the lowest register of this side conquered enemies are shown. Freed by agricultural bounty to expend energy on non-essential activities, the civilization at Uruk established specialized fields of labor and introduced major cultural innovations, including the pictographs from which cuneiform writing later developed. Senta German's words, regarding the structure of the White Temple: "The visitors would have needed to walk around the temple, appreciating its bright façade and powerful view, and likely gained access to the interior in a 'bent-axis' approach where one would have to turn 90 degrees to face the altar a typical arrangement for Ancient Near Eastern temples. Chambers in the middle of the northeast room suite appear to have been equipped with wooden shelves in the walls and displayed cavities for setting in pivot stones which might imply a solid door was fitted in these spaces. Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the Niobid Painter.
CONTEXT: 2620-2500 BCE; Egypt. CONTENT: Various temples were included in the Acropolis- including those for the cult of Athena and some Olympian gods. You have to actively protect it to keep it around. Dating to the late 4th millennium B. The north end of the central hall had a podium accessible by means of a small staircase and an altar with a fire-stained surface.
#12. White Temple and its ziggurat. Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq). Sumerian. c. 3500
A banquet is portrayed in these decorations, with both male and female attendees presumably elites dining. CONTEXT: 1323 BCE; Egypt. She is believed to either be an offering to a God, or a god herself- perhaps Athena or Artemis- as it is unknown if she was previously holding a bow that had been lost. The only way up to the top of the ziggurat was via a steep stairway that led to a ramp that wrapped around the north end of the Ziggurat and brought one to the temple entrance. The hawk god, Horus, sits atop papyrus plants which are symbols for Lower Egypt. Within Uruk, the greatest monument was the Anu Ziggurat on which the White Temple was built. A ziggurat and its temple neatly symbolizes these many changes from prehistory to history.
Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii Republican Roman. CONTEXT: 600 BCE-150 CE. The oldest surviving Ziggurat. Image 3 Statues of votive figures from Sumerian Eshnunna Temple Iraq 2700 BCE Soft stone with shells and other pieces of stone inlaid into it approximately 1-2 ft tall The statues represent mortals who are waiting for the arrival of a deity. Ziggurats are made of mud-bricks—the building material of choice in the Near East, as stone is rare. It was a site to perform specific rituals to please the god s. The entire region gets exceedingly little rainfall.
Flickr Creative Commons Images Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr. The north end of the central hall had a podium accessible by means of a small staircase and an altar with a fire-stained surface. Archaeologists uncovered some 19 tablets of gypsum on the floor of the temple—all of which had cylinder seal impressions and reflected temple accounting. Winged Victory of Samothrace. CONTENT: Three pyramids were built. FORM: Painted papyrus scroll FUNCTION: To assure Hu-Nefer's existence in the afterlife CONTEXT: 1275 BCE; Egypt.