Karen Horney was a German-born psychoanalyst and one of the leading figures in the development of feminist psychology. She is best known for her contributions to the field of psychoanalysis, particularly her critique of Sigmund Freud's theory of the Oedipus complex and her emphasis on the role of social and cultural factors in the development of personality.
Horney was born in Wrocław, Germany (then known as Breslau) in 1885. She received her medical degree from the University of Berlin in 1913 and began her career as a psychoanalyst in the 1920s. Horney was a member of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Society and the International Psychoanalytic Association, and she taught at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute for many years.
Horney's critique of Freud's theory of the Oedipus complex centered on the idea that Freud's theory was overly deterministic and ignored the role of social and cultural factors in the development of personality. Horney argued that the Oedipus complex was not universal, as Freud had claimed, but was instead a product of the individual's cultural and social environment.
In addition to her critique of the Oedipus complex, Horney is known for her theory of neurosis, which emphasizes the role of unconscious conflicts and the need for self-realization in the development of psychological problems. Horney argued that neurosis was not a result of biological factors, as Freud believed, but was instead a product of the individual's social and cultural environment.
Horney's contributions to psychoanalysis and feminist psychology have had a lasting impact on the field. Her work has helped to shift the focus of psychological theory from a solely biological perspective to a more holistic approach that takes into account the role of social and cultural factors in the development of personality and behavior.
Overall, Karen Horney's contributions to psychology have helped to deepen our understanding of the complex interplay between individual psychology and the social and cultural environment in which we live. Her work has shaped the way that we think about and approach psychological issues, and it continues to be influential today.
Self-reflection is a valuable exercise that can help individuals understand and grow in their personal and professional lives. It involves taking a step back and considering one's thoughts, behaviors, and actions, and examining how they have impacted oneself and others. Engaging in self-reflection can lead to increased self-awareness, personal growth, and the ability to make positive changes in one's life.
One way to engage in self-reflection is to write a self-reflection paper. This can be a helpful tool for organizing and processing one's thoughts and experiences. A self-reflection paper sample might include the following elements:
Introduction: This section should provide an overview of the purpose of the paper and what the reader can expect to learn from it.
Background information: This section should provide context for the reader, such as the specific experience or event that the paper is focused on and any relevant background information.
Reflection: This is the main body of the paper and should be dedicated to the individual's thoughts, feelings, and insights about the experience or event. This might include things like what they learned, what they struggled with, and any new insights or perspectives they gained.
Conclusion: This section should summarize the main points of the paper and provide any final thoughts or reflections on the experience or event.
A self-reflection paper can be a useful tool for individuals looking to understand and grow from their experiences. By taking the time to reflect on their thoughts, behaviors, and actions, they can gain a greater understanding of themselves and the world around them, and make positive changes in their lives.
Karen Horney’s Theory of Personality
First of all, she thought Horney agreed that childhood is decisive to the manifestation of neurosis. Later, with the advent of World War II, Karen decided to move to the United States. Such patients are usually demanding, selfish, and can be cruel. Most Germans accepted the plan as a good idea, but at the turn of the century, enough were questioning the practice that rules were beginning to change. Karen believe that sex and aggression were not the main factors that shape personality. After researching psychoanalytic theory with Abraham, Horney conducted psychiatric work within Berlin hospitals before moving to the United States to become the assistant director of the Institute for Psychoanalysis Vena, 2015. New Ways in Psychoanalysis.
What did Karen Horney accomplish? In 1932, Franz Alexander, a psychoanalytic pioneer invited Dr. Carl Jung is recognized as one of the most influential psychiatrists of all time. Like Jung, Horney believed that each individual has the potential for self-realization and that the goal of psychoanalysis should be moving toward a healthy self rather than exploring early childhood patterns of dysfunction. Horney further developed her work on neurosis in Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Toward Self-Realization 1950 , where she proposed the idea of the "real self:'' a self that has developed in a healthy way toward self-realization. Horney tried hard to argue that females deserve to be understood in their own terms as they have their own intrinsic biology and patterns of development, and they are not just the outcome of their differences from males Hitchcock, 2005. Feminist therapy embodies the feminist values of collaboration, egalitarianism, and Feminist therapy also encompasses many different forms of therapy that use the feminist theory in practice.
They motivate the person to seek security and reassurance rather than happiness or pleasure. This made her change her views on psychoanalysis. The mother's contempt for marriage led her to educate her daughter to be above the classic fate of women at the time. Yale University Press: New Haven. . In one case, she helped a boy to write down his stories. Paris, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1999.
Our inner conflicts: A constructive theory of neurosis. Narcissistic people are both convinced of their own greatness and insecure, meaning that they may boast of talents without accomplishments or, conversely, experience a breakdown of reality if they fail too often. Impressions of Karen Horney's final lectures. Thus, the ideal self is not a constructive objective, besides it is neither realistic nor possible. A child who grows up pampered and admired may grow up to be a narcissist. Which of the following is a contribution of Carl Jung to psychodynamic thought? She also questioned his concepts of the Oedipus complex, the libido, and the three-part structure of personality.
She identified three ways of dealing with the world that are formed by an upbringing in a neurotic family: Moving Toward People, Moving Against People, and Moving Away From People. What is Freud most famous for? A conceptual change Karen Horney had emotional problems. Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology, 710—715. This psychoanalyst did not share Freud's point of view on the determinant of sex in the conformation of the psychic structure. People with this need generally pride themselves on their ability to exploit other people and are often focused on manipulating others to obtain desired objectives, including such things as ideas, power, money, or sex. Freud is famous for inventing and developing the technique of psychoanalysis, for articulating the psychoanalytic theory of motivation, mental illness, and the structure of the subconscious, and for influencing scientific and popular conceptions of human nature by positing that both normal and abnormal thought and … How does sociocultural psychology explain behavior? Horney's work on feminine psychology, which questioned the conventional Freudian psychology's conception of women, was one of her major contributions. In particular, Horney believed that the need for affection and the need for power were the two driving forces behind neurosis Vanacore, 2020.
Analytical psychology approaches psychotherapy in the tradition of C. Prof Psychol Res Pract. The therapist-patient relationship in psychotherapy: On Horney's school and Morita therapy. It promotes feminist scholarship, psychological practice and teaching. Karen did her best to prove that women do make a difference in the world and can be just as beneficial as men. While influenced by Freudian theories, she disagreed with several of Freud's ideas and eventually broke from strict psychoanalysis. Horney developed theories about female psychology that deviance researchers might utilize to comprehend why crimes committed by women are comparatively uncommon.
Karen Horney: Short Biography and Contributions to Psychology
Karen Horney pronounced HORN-eye was a psychoanalyst and theorist who suggested that people possess a number of neurotic needs that play a role in driving behavior. Like others whose views differed from that of Freud, Horney felt that sex and aggression were not the primary factors that shape personality. However, he proposed that the unconscious consists of two layers. The need for perfection; while many are driven to perfect their lives in the form of well being, the neurotic may display a fear of being slightly flawed. Despite adhering to Freud's teachings, Horney was vehemently opposed to his views on female psychology, particularly the notions of penis envy and the other ways in which masculine prejudice might manifest itself, which Freud's psychoanalytic theory established.
Horney concluded that the resentment between men and women laid not in penis envy, but in men's envy of women's ability to produce life: womb envy Horney, 1967. She emphasized that narcissists often suffer from low self-esteem and that narcissism may be the product of over-indulgence. Where Freud had suggested that many neuroses had a biological base, Horney believed that cultural attitudes played a role in determining these neurotic feelings. Like most men of his time, Wackels Danielsen believed that girls should be raised to become wives, mothers, and housekeepers. It promotes the participation of psychologists from all over the world who advocate for equality and social justice.
Major Contributions to Psychology Karen Horney was a psychologist during a time when Her refutation of Freud's theories about women generated more interest in the psychology of women. Horney's career is notable for her contributions to psychoanalytic theory, her feminist psychology, and her theory of neurotic needs. Most of us have come in contact with people who seem to successfully irritate or frighten people away with their clinginess, significant lack of self esteem, and even anger and threatening behavior. Topic A woman with many attributes in the Psychology field is out of the ordinary, but Karen Horney did just that. Advertisements - continue reading below Karen Horney made significant contributions to humanism, self-psychology, psychoanalysis, and feminine psychology.
Karen Horney: Life, Theories, and Contributions to Psychology
Horney was a student of medicine in Germany, graduating with her M. The idea that neurotic tendencies were a product of one's surroundings rather than an innate manifestation of Horney's thoughts on neurotic behaviour was contested. Horney showed that both culture and society persuaded females to be dependent on men emotionally, socially, and economically in terms of love, status, wealth, care, and safety. Karen Horney and her contributions to psychology Karen Horney argued that differences between men and women manifest from differences in education and socialization, not biology, as most people believed. Horney opined that all individuals feel a need to be loved and admired, and this need becomes a cause of insecurity and anxiety.