Chapter by chapter summary of 1776. 1776 Chapter 2: Rabble in Arms Summary & Analysis 2022-10-17
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1776 is a historical novel by David McCullough that chronicles the events leading up to and during the American Revolution. It is a sweeping narrative that follows the lives of key figures such as George Washington, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson as they work to gain independence from Great Britain.
Chapter 1: In the opening chapter, McCullough sets the stage for the events to come by introducing the major players and outlining the political and social climate in the colonies at the time. He also discusses the tensions and conflicts between the colonies and Great Britain that would eventually lead to the Revolutionary War.
Chapter 2: This chapter focuses on the life and career of George Washington, who would later become the first President of the United States. McCullough discusses Washington's early military experiences, his role in the French and Indian War, and his rise to prominence in the colonies.
Chapter 3: The third chapter covers the growing tensions between the colonies and Great Britain, as well as the efforts of colonists to resist British rule. McCullough also explores the development of the Sons of Liberty, a group of activists who sought to defend the rights of colonists and push for independence.
Chapter 4: This chapter covers the events leading up to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, including the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party. It also discusses the efforts of the Continental Congress to unite the colonies and prepare for war.
Chapter 5: The fifth chapter covers the early years of the Revolutionary War, including the battles of Lexington and Concord and the Siege of Boston. It also discusses the challenges faced by the Continental Army, including a lack of supplies and trained soldiers.
Chapter 6: This chapter covers the efforts of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and other founding fathers to gain support for the cause of independence from foreign powers such as France and Spain. It also discusses the role of the Continental Army in the war, including the battles of Trenton and Princeton.
Chapter 7: The seventh chapter covers the battles of Saratoga and the signing of the Treaty of Alliance with France. It also discusses the role of women and African Americans in the war, as well as the growing political tensions within the Continental Army.
Chapter 8: This chapter covers the winter at Valley Forge and the efforts of George Washington to rebuild and strengthen the Continental Army. It also discusses the role of the Continental Congress in supporting the war effort and the growing divide between those who favored independence and those who wanted to seek a peaceful resolution with Great Britain.
Chapter 9: The ninth chapter covers the final years of the Revolutionary War, including the battles of Monmouth and Yorktown. It also discusses the role of the French in the war and the eventual signing of the Treaty of Paris, which officially ended the conflict and granted the colonies their independence.
In conclusion, 1776 is a comprehensive and engaging account of the events leading up to and during the American Revolution. It brings to life the struggles and triumphs of the founding fathers and provides a deep understanding of the complex political and social forces that shaped the birth of the United States.
1776 David Mccullough Chapter Summary Essay on American revolution, Book
John Greenwood is a sixteen-year-old soldier. Captain Archibald Robertson is privately relieved, as he believes General Howe's decision to attack the Americans is "little short of madness. This is due to the fact that the Americans were fighting from an advantageous position, and they also had less ammunition than the British. He supports a milder program: repealing the Stamp Act of 1765, the legislation that arguably first prompted a rebellion. At the time, New York is a divided city: the Loyalists and American factions are both prominent. By April of 1776, Washington and his troops have marched into New York.
Washington is worried that the American army is resilient to listen to what the commanders tells them to do and that they are becoming lazier as the days go by. As winter approaches, Washington discovers that British spies infiltrated his armies and that the British have problems of their own: they lack proper clothing to get them through the winter, the food supplies are running low and they almost ran out of gun powder. The fact that Knox sends a letter to the Congress, encouraging them to declare independence, is a sign of the growing optimism and ambition of the American army. Much is made by Washington and his fellow comrades of the hand of "Providence" and God in the outcomes of their affairs. The prime minster, Lord North, observes the proceedings equably.
The army was short on weapons and gunpowder, lacked uniforms, and was racked by disease and drunkenness. By reaching this level he was able to achieve greatness. Certainly, it has a fundamental role in the development of America as a nation, which led it to have a huge motivation for revolution. The Americans suffer a crushing defeat at Brooklyn Heights when outnumbered by more than 2-1 by British forces; pushed back to the edge of Brooklyn, Washington escapes with most of his army during one night without alerting their enemy at all. Note: this book guide is not affiliated with or endorsed by the publisher or author, and we always encourage you to purchase and read the full book.
However, this has never been proven. Breaking a basic rule of military strategy, he divides his army into two halves, and sends one half out to Long Island to protect it. The Americans had spies in the British encampment that reported back to Cambridge, Massachusetts where the American headquarters,that the British were heading to Charleston Ingram 14. Later that day, Washington learns that the British are sailing to New York from Halifax. In September 20, a fire breaks in New York and burns down a big part of the city. As Knox is leading his men out to Fort Ticonderoga, the weather gets colder. Drawing upon various historical events and enactments, the story of Gerald Gardner, a Bostonian merchant, will try to synthesize these events and provide a reflection upon the American Revolution from the point-of-view of those who shared his line of work.
He and his men spend one night building strong fortifications there. King George III and the British Government looked to taxing goods in the American colonies as a means to replenish its treasury. Soldiers are whipped for laziness. Washington reluctantly agrees to wait for reinforcements before attacking. This was the turning point for the American revolution, as Washington is able to convince his men to stretch their enlistments. Summary Chapter 2 begins in late October 1775 and covers approximately two months, ending with the arrival of the New Year. Following the punitive passage of the Massachusetts Government Act in 1774, royal British officials took residence in Boston, conducting most of their gubernatorial business from within the confines of the city.
1776 by David Mccullough: Chapter Summaries Free Essay Example
Other MPs, such as the intellectual Edmund Burke, have previously voiced support for the American cause. In his speech George III effectively declares the colonies to be in rebellion against Great Britain and suggests they are trying to establish "an independent empire. The year 1776 was the time when the Declaration of Independence was created, and Americans were really free from British rule. His men seem to be privately impressed at how much Washington's troops were able to accomplish so quickly in seizing the post. McCullough notes that "such sensitivity to and respect for the political ramifications of his command were exactly what made him such an effective political general. Washington also recognizes that his soldiers from Boston are tired and worn-out from marching and fighting.
He married Martha Dandridge Custis, and thereafter lived like an English aristocrat. Another army, the British Redcoats, were well equipped, experienced, and were being commanded by General William Howe. They hatched a special attack to catch the enemies off-guard in Trenton, New Jersey the morning after Christmas. For a man so committed to strategy and precision, Washington seems comfortable leaving the larger outcome up to fate and the view that "Whatever is, is right," a line from "An Essay on Man," a poem by Alexander Pope 1733—34. They may also respect Washington and believe in the American political cause. It's a difficult line to walk between such public and private dissonance, but it is one Washington is able to maintain with success. Washington, newly appointed commander in chief of the American forces, arrives in Massachusetts in early July 1775.
1776 Chapter 4: The Lines are Drawn Summary & Analysis
Soon afterwards, a fire breaks out in the city of New York, destroying more than a quarter of the city. . Washington finds himself in the situation to accept black men in the army as well, even though he and the others have racial prejudice against them. George Washington resides in a mansion near Harvard University. The chapter also introduces the Continental Congress, which works closely with Washington throughout the war. When Washington enters the city, he finds it pretty much intact but soon finds that the British robbed the city and the people of their valuable things by giving them worthless certificated in their place.