What ethical issues arise when using psychological testing. Ethical issues in Psychological Testing 2022-10-18
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Psychological testing refers to the use of standardized procedures and instruments to assess an individual's cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning. These tests are often used to diagnose mental health disorders, assess treatment progress, and make decisions about employment, education, and other important life events. While psychological testing can be a valuable tool for understanding an individual's strengths and challenges, there are several ethical issues that must be considered when using these tests.
One major ethical issue that arises when using psychological testing is the potential for misuse or abuse of test results. For example, test results could be used to discriminate against an individual based on their race, ethnicity, gender, or other personal characteristics. This could result in unfair treatment or negative outcomes, such as being denied employment or admission to a school or program. In order to prevent such misuse, it is important that test results be used only for the purposes for which they were intended and that the individual's privacy and confidentiality be respected.
Another ethical issue related to psychological testing is the potential for biased or culturally inappropriate test content. Many psychological tests were originally developed and normed on a largely white, middle-class population, which means that they may not accurately reflect the experiences or abilities of individuals from other cultural or socio-economic backgrounds. This can lead to inaccurate or misleading test results, which can have negative consequences for the individual being tested. To address this issue, it is important to use tests that have been culturally validated and to consider the cultural context in which the test is being administered.
Another ethical issue that can arise when using psychological testing is the potential for overreliance on test results. Psychological tests are not perfect and can sometimes produce inaccurate or misleading results. It is important to recognize that test results should be considered along with other sources of information, such as clinical observations, self-report measures, and input from others, in order to get a more complete picture of an individual's functioning. Overreliance on test results can lead to decisions being made based on incomplete or flawed information, which can have negative consequences for the individual being tested.
Finally, ethical issues can arise when using psychological testing to make decisions about important life events, such as employment or education. In these situations, it is important to ensure that the test is being used for a legitimate and valid purpose and that the individual being tested has been fully informed about the purpose and potential consequences of the testing. It is also important to provide appropriate accommodations for individuals with disabilities or other special needs, to ensure that the test results accurately reflect their abilities and potential.
In conclusion, psychological testing can be a valuable tool for understanding an individual's cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning. However, there are several ethical issues that must be considered when using these tests, including the potential for misuse or abuse of test results, bias or culturally inappropriate test content, overreliance on test results, and the use of test results to make important life decisions. By being aware of these ethical issues and taking steps to address them, we can ensure that psychological testing is used ethically and responsibly.
Issues and Ethical Resolutions in Psychology
A critical review of the technical characteristics of new and recently revised intelligence tests for preschool children. For example, parents may seek a psychological evaluation with the expectation that the results will ensure that their child will be eligible for a gifted and talented program, accident victims may anticipate that the evaluation will document their entitlement to damages, and job candidates may hope to become employed or qualify for advancement. The decision maker has to identify these options and. Similarly, in some forensic contexts, the results of the evaluation may ultimately be open to the court or other litigants over the objections of the person being assessed. Human relations are an especially important, and it is dependent upon the organizations to ensure there are methods in place to protect patients, their information, and enforce privacy and confidentially laws that not only relate to the privacy rights under HIPAA, but those rights patients have when participating in experiments and research studies. These are the 9 Major Ethical Issues in Psychology Psychology is a very sensitive field and ethical concerns are likely to arise when carrying out research and prescribing any method of treatment to an individual.
Ethical Standards in Psychological Testing — Monique M. Chouraeshkenazi, Ph.D., Psy.D.
Practical and ethical issues in teaching psychological testing. Maruish, 2002 asserts that informed consent is a continuous process and requires on going solicitations. The lack of focus on the subject does not mean unethical behavior is not a problem in organizations. However, it is important that researchers take the utmost steps in ensuring that their participants and others involved in the research are not harmed APA, 2018. Is the client simply the person to be evaluated, or are there layers of individuals and institutions to whom the psychologist owes some degree of professional obligation? This practice is especially common in the forensic arena; attorneys often want their own expert to examine the complete data set and may not wish to disclose the identity of the expert to the other side.
Ethical Issues with Psychological Testing : Psychology Issues and Debates
Ethical standards in the areas of education and training are relevant. Dealing with the less-than-adequate work of others poses a different set of ethical concerns. To obtain a voluntary consent to an assessment is a very crucial component of psychological testing. The purpose of the review might include actual rescoring raw data or reviewing interpretations of scored data. When an assessment is conducted with the aid of a translator, different types of problems may emerge.
Ethical Issues in Psychological Assessment Research Paper
For a child or a disabled client, their consent should be given by a parent or a legal guardian. The statement noted that the measurement of learning and achievement are important and that tests—when used properly—are among the most sound and objective ways to measure student performance. Both the American Psychologist editorial and the NAN position paper ignore the implications of this issue with respect to preparation for high-stakes testing and the testing industry, as discussed in detail later in this research paper. This is unethical, for the reasons for which an individual agreed to take a psychological test may be different from those that the findings are actually used for. Some attorneys may wish to show test data to a number of potential experts and choose to use only the expert s most supportive of their case.
Ethical and cultural issues in psychological testing (Essay)
Lesser examples of this includes issues of a test not meeting the purposes of a research study therefore ethics is an important elements to legitimate research practices. One adverse consequence of high-stakes testing is that some schools will almost certainly focus primarily on teaching-to-the-test skills acquisition. A test is not considered biased simply because some students score higher than others. If one is asked to consult as a potential expert witness in matters involving alleged assessment errors or inadequacies, one has no obligation to attempt informal consultation with the professional who rendered the report in question. In addition, some methods used for psychological testing were permanently discontinued. The expert witness, the adversary system, and the voice of reason: Reconciling impartiality and advocacy. .
Psychological Testing, Its Ethical and Legal Issues
In such disputes, the opposing parties often seek review of the raw data by experts not involved in the original collection and analyses. Â Journal of Business Ethics,Â 165 4 , 719-733. Two Legal Issues Associated With Psychological Testing Kaplan and Saccuzzo 2008 pointed out that several legal cases have plagued the field of psychological testing. The researcher mu ensure that they are abiding by ethical process as results may have consequences that the experimenter cannot foresee and failing to comply with these processes may lead to the scorn of the scientific community. While we have analyzed the results of the research, we have not been able to notice what has gone on behind the scenes, and whether the research that was carried out on participants followed certain ethical guidelines. That ruled, the use of psychological testing for job placements was annulled since it was deemed discriminatory.
These consequences include but are not limited. I believe it is a very complex situation between ethical standards and cyber issues, especially in sensitive fields, dealing with human subjects. Adequate protection must be provided to them in such a case, or they should not be allowed to participate if the intensity of the condition cannot be altered. Ethics and culture play an important role in various aspects of psychological testing. One of the accused in the case, Daryl Atkins, was proved to be mildly mentally retarded by use of psychological I.
These are the 9 Major Ethical Issues in Psychology
Board of education in 1954 according to Kaplan et al. If the two issues are not completely eliminated, people will not have faith in psychological testing and this field will be affected tremendously. Although a test publisher has some related obligations, the APA ethics code can only be enforced against individuals who are APAmembers, as opposed to corporations. Effective Intervention Techniques On Youth Affected By Family Violence As an international social challenge, family violence builds up to dangerous consequences engulfing parents, victims of violence as well as children. Respecting these issues and dealing with them in an appropriate manner is essential to maintain the sanctity of the field that is psychology. These are questions of validity. As such, psychologists should remain honest and avoid professional fraud.