Why did the neolithic revolution happen. How did life change after the Neolithic Revolution? 2022-11-01
Why did the neolithic revolution happen Rating:
A journal article review is a critical evaluation of a published research study. It provides a summary of the main points of the article and assesses the strength of the research methods and findings. Writing a review of a journal article can be a helpful way to familiarize yourself with the latest research in a particular field and to develop your critical thinking skills. In this essay, I will provide an example of a journal article review and explain the steps involved in completing this type of assignment.
The journal article that I will be reviewing is titled "The Effect of Social Support on Mental Health Outcomes in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis." This article, published in the Journal of Gerontology, reports the results of a meta-analysis of previous research studies that examined the relationship between social support and mental health outcomes in older adults. The authors of the article conducted a comprehensive search of the literature and selected studies that met certain inclusion criteria. They then analyzed the data from these studies using statistical techniques to determine the overall effect of social support on mental health outcomes in older adults.
To begin my review of this article, I will start by providing a summary of the main points. The authors found that social support was significantly related to better mental health outcomes in older adults, with a moderate-to-large effect size. They also found that the strength of this relationship varied depending on the type of social support and the mental health outcome being measured. For example, the effect of social support on depression was stronger than the effect on anxiety, and instrumental support (e.g. help with practical tasks) had a stronger effect than emotional support.
Next, I will assess the research methods used in the study. The authors conducted a thorough literature search and used appropriate inclusion criteria to ensure that the studies included in the meta-analysis were relevant and of high quality. They also used appropriate statistical techniques to analyze the data and reported the results in a clear and transparent manner. Overall, the research methods used in this study were well-conducted and appropriate for the research question being addressed.
Finally, I will evaluate the findings and implications of the study. The results of this meta-analysis suggest that social support is an important factor in the mental health of older adults and that interventions that aim to increase social support may be effective in improving mental health outcomes. However, the authors also note that the strength of the relationship between social support and mental health outcomes varies depending on the type of social support and the mental health outcome being measured. Therefore, more research is needed to understand the specific mechanisms through which social support influences mental health and to determine the most effective types of social support for different mental health outcomes in older adults.
In conclusion, the journal article "The Effect of Social Support on Mental Health Outcomes in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis" is a well-conducted study that provides important insights into the relationship between social support and mental health in older adults. The research methods used in the study were appropriate and the findings have clear implications for the development of interventions to improve mental health outcomes in this population. Overall, this article is a valuable contribution to the field and would be of interest to researchers and practitioners working in the area of mental health and aging.
This long and gradual transition was not completed in bce and is known as the Neolithic bce. Neolithic Farmers were the first people to farm in Ireland and they came here circa 3500 BC. How would society look today if we stayed nomadic as hunter-gatherers? First Agricultural Revolution circa 10,000 BC , the prehistoric transition from hunting and gathering to settled agriculture also known as the Neolithic Revolution Arab Agricultural Revolution 8th— 13th century , the spread of new crops and advanced techniques in the Muslim world. Again, I'm merely saying that the actions of people in a primitive communist society have many unknown and unintended consequences just as in every society , among which is the consequence of the diffusion of power through social practice. The history of gardens. Then we will be in a position to look at the current problems and future possibilities for feeding the world under unprecedented conditions of climate chaos. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion.
The nutritional standards of the growing Neolithic populations were inferior to that of hunter-gatherers. These studies have repeatedly illustrated that agricultural production cannot be considered a necessary precondition for unequal or hierarchically organized social formations, since such sociopolitical transitions have been evidenced in a wide array of nonagricultural populations. Archived from html on 2008-03-16. Plant-food preparation area on an Upper Paleolithic brush hut floor at Ohalo II, Israel. In Anne Birgitte Gebauer and T. The switch from a nomadic lifestyle of hunting for food to a sedentary agrarian society indirectly helped the early civilizations of Sumer, Babylon, and Egypt to grow and develop, thus setting the stage for everything in history that came after it.
Retrieved 29 November 2006. Many things happened to the nomads that made their lives harder than it already was. Neolithic populations generally had poorer nutrition, shorter life expectancies, and a more labor-intensive lifestyle than hunter-gatherers. In contemporary scientific literature we do find reference to it, often in passing, with the usage of terms such as matrilocality, matrifocality and matrilinearity. Ten Thousand Years of Cultivation at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea. What did the Neolithic Revolution invent? Historically, such a mode of subsistence supported only around 5 million people, far short of the 10-11 billion likely to populate the Earth by the end of the century. The Neolithic revolution New Stone Age was the first agricultural revolution.
The Neolithic Revolution: 10 Key Characteristics, Origin And Inventions
I agree entirely that anticipation requires apprehension, but why do you assume pre-state societies were incapable of conceiving of the idea of a coercive, hierarchical social organisation? Prehistoric Figurines: Representation and Corporeality in the Neolithic. Berkeley: University of California Press. We think there are two main points of relevance. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company. Why the Neolithic Revolution was important? Agriculture in Semi-Arid Environments. Another everyday commodity invented during the Neolithic period was the pot.
People had to follow their food sources and had to use hunting and gathering. The theoretical rift goes right back to an unresolved tension in Marx. Anthropologists and archaeologists disagree on the details. This led to women having to work as agricultural laborers so families were able to reach their income goal. One part of humankind turned its back on foraging and embraced agriculture. We wish to challenge the 'common sense', promoted by popular writers like Jared Diamond, that we can have agriculture or egalitarianism, but not both. Answer: Beyond weapons and basic necessities, Stone Age people invented new technology for farming, particularly in the Neolithic Age when they became a more settled people.
How did life change after the Neolithic Revolution?
What does the Paleolithic Age mean? The problem is that many researchers in the social sciences in the present as well as in the past, obviously tend to suffer from ideological lens distortion; even when they think they are being as objective as possible, their minds are full of a priori assumptions. Rather, egalitarian societies recognise the potential for the centralisation of power and stratification of the society — state formation — and develop material-cultural practices which ward off this potential. The state is haunted by communism — stateless, non-market self-organisation. It changed many lives, because of the technology. Luckily the evidence is quite abundant.
Why was the Neolithic Revolution an important turning point in history?
During it, many communities transitioned from hunting and gathering to farming and herding, providing them with a more stable food source and allowing their populations to grow. We do not have any contact with official entities nor do we intend to replace the information that they emit. The Birth of the Gods and the Origins of Agriculture, p. This theory maintains that as the climate got drier due to the Atlantic depressions shifting northward, communities contracted to oases where they were forced into close association with animals, which were then domesticated together with planting of seeds. The Neolithic Revolution was a major change from the Paleolithic Revolution. It greatly affected the way people lived and worked.
What was the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution and why was it so important?
That the centralization of power constantly looms over the heads of egalitarian peoples, as this article posits, and that they therefore constantly seek to diffuse power through social practice to avert the realization of this threat, attests of no more than that the simple fact that tendencies towards the centralization of power are already present and that these peoples therefore apprehend this threat sensuously, in its actuality. The Neolithic Revolution is often considered a turning point in history because? Second, there is a common association between the spread of agriculture and the rise of class society. This era is when systematic agriculture was developed, fundamentally changing the way people lived. Diseases jumped from animals to humans, and agriculturalists suffered from more anemia, vitamin deficiencies, spinal deformations, and dental pathologies. During this time, humans lived in groups of twenty to thirty people and obtained their food by hunting and gathering. The Neolithic Age occurred essentially around the end of the Stone Age.
Conclusions The emergence of agriculture, and civilisation itself, was made possible by climate change at the end of the last ice age. . It was also the time when pottery was first used, and in many regions people also began to live in permanent settlements. This is an example of a neolithic revolution. Its benefits appear to have been offset by various adverse effects, mostly diseases and warfare. The topsoil, now loose, was easily picked up by wind, creating large waves of dust rushing towards homes and farms.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Agricultural and pastoral development made people have more time to develop other crafts and skills to benefit individuals and society as a whole. Domesticated animals like dogs and horned cattle were used to improve and simplify agriculture. So in sum, there are examples of both agrarian and hunter-gather societies across the spectrum from egalitarian to inegalitarian. Sure, to verify we need to consider the evidence. Neolithic Sites in the Damascus Basin: Aswad, Ghoraifé, Ramad. It's not obvious that Engels was right on this.