Podu cultivation is a traditional method of farming practiced in the tribal regions of India. It involves the cultivation of crops on hillsides or sloping land using minimal inputs and without the use of chemical fertilizers or pesticides. The term "podu" comes from the Telugu language and means "hill cultivation."
In podu cultivation, the main crops grown are millets, rice, and pulses. These crops are well-suited for hillside cultivation because they are drought-resistant and can thrive in low-nutrient soils. Farmers also grow vegetables, such as tomatoes and beans, as a way to supplement their income.
One of the main benefits of podu cultivation is that it allows farmers to grow crops on land that would otherwise be considered unproductive. The sloping land and hilly terrain in tribal areas is often not suitable for traditional farming methods, but podu cultivation allows farmers to make use of these resources.
Another advantage of podu cultivation is its low environmental impact. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides can have negative impacts on the environment, such as water pollution and soil degradation. In contrast, podu cultivation relies on natural fertilizers, such as compost and animal manure, and does not use any chemical inputs. This makes it a more sustainable and environmentally friendly method of farming.
Podu cultivation also helps to support local communities and preserve traditional farming practices. Many tribal communities in India rely on podu cultivation as their primary source of food and income. By practicing this type of farming, they are able to maintain their cultural traditions and support their families and communities.
There are, however, some challenges associated with podu cultivation. One of the main challenges is the lack of access to credit and other resources, such as seeds and tools. Many farmers in tribal areas do not have the resources or means to invest in their farms, which can limit their ability to improve their yields and increase their income.
Another challenge is the risk of natural disasters, such as landslides and floods, which can damage crops and make it difficult for farmers to maintain their fields. In addition, the steep terrain of hilly areas can make it difficult to access the fields and transport crops to market.
Despite these challenges, podu cultivation remains an important part of the farming landscape in tribal areas of India. It provides a livelihood for many farmers and helps to preserve traditional farming practices and cultural traditions. By supporting podu cultivation and addressing the challenges faced by farmers, we can help to ensure the long-term sustainability of these communities.
Conflict On Podu Lands In Telangana: Cultivators In Dismay
Such support also hinges on the relationship of Gutti Koyas with the local people, officials, politicians and NGOs. It causes the hot weather supply of these rivers to diminish and this reduces the water available for second crop cultivation 6. Nothing has happened so far. The Telangana government has decided to move landless, non-tribal farmers engaged in shifting cultivation inside forests to peripheral areas as it looks to combat deforestation. They should not be vacated from their lands.
Guidelines on forest protection and podu cultivation on the anvil: Minister
Forests were also their natural choice as minor forest produce makes for a good part of the sustenance of Adivasis. The Telangana government had decided in October 2021 to move landless, non-tribal farmers engaged in shifting cultivation inside forests to peripheral areas in an effort to combat deforestation. Their natural rights should not be denied. Shifting cultivation Note: Podu cultivation is an important part of the tribal economy and this method allows two to three annual crops and abandons the land until trees are grown sufficiently again and allow second filling. This untold misery imposed on lakhs of poor peasants is coined as rule of law. Establishing check posts and increasing the number of armed forces, in the name of forest protection are increased.
The Minister said Chief Minister K. Reserved forest goods became rare due to Podu and so many steps were taken to prevent this. However, there have been encroachments by non-tribals. Frontline contacted District Forest Officers DFO in Telangana as well as officials from the Integrated Tribal Development Agency ITDA to learn more about Gutti Koya encroachment in their jurisdiction. Considering the authoritative views and the peculiar circumstances of the Ganjam agency, the committee for partially excluded areas of Orissa in the 1940 suggested that the Podu cultivation being a positive evil should be abolished as early as practicable. The state should oppose central laws that are contrary to the interests of forest areas and forest dwellers in the state.
This means they are not eligible for any social welfare programmes. When Express contacted Eturnagaram Forest Range Officer FRO S Bala Raju, he said that their department had already informed the district Collector and MRO about their decision to stop farmers from cultivating the forest land in the district. According to information, scores of farmers reached the spot and started protesting. The word Podu has come from the telugu language. Erecting fences and digging trenches around podu lands, claiming them as forest and preventing cultivation in these lands, trampling the standing crops overnight with tractors and bulldozers became the rule of governance in these areas. The court also ordered Gutti Koyas not to engage in further deforestation.
This also affects the eligibility of Gutti Koyas to claim titles to forest lands they have cleared for cultivation. Though the success rate is debateable, the forest department is pinning its hope on the Green India Mission. What will happen to the tribals? And what about non-tribal farmers? Complete answer: Podu is a type of cultivation used by the tribes of India, it is a traditional system of cultivation. Podu in Colonial Records: Due to the Podu cultivation the forest of estate now a past of Koraput were going to be swallowed. The government had formed a committee headed by Chief Secretary Somesh Kumar, which invited applications from podu farmers for land ownership titles and allocation of land outside forest areas if they wanted. This attitude lacks the wisdom required to understand that this is the life problem of lakhs of people.
Reddy said in the early 1930s the government land having good tree growth were declared as reserve forests following the due process of law. Filmmaker, cartoonist, writer, mentor, friend and above all tireless activist championing the cause of every underdog, Sasi breathed his last, mid-afternoon this Christmas day — after battling a medical condition for months. A true political will is required to address these problems. The government has, in fact, given land ownership titles to tribals. The supply of timber and firewood had become thereby scarce in considerable areas and owing to consequent erosion of the soil large tracts of land were becoming bare and almost unproductive. Chief Minister K Chandrashekar Rao had said that all steps would be taken to ensure that forest land was not encroached upon.
FGG urges parties not to make podu farming an election issue
According to the first information report FIR , they tried to prevent Madakam Thula and Podiyam Nanga, two members of the Gutti Koya community, from grazing their cattle there. The laws in favor of big landlords, corporate houses and big capitalists are implemented enthusiastically in letter and spirit which invariably deprive the common people of their justified desires and demands. The government has become the biggest nightmare in the life of lakhs of people in agency areas. According to a GIS survey by the AP Forest Department, the total forest cover in the state in 2009 was about 46,670 sq km and by 2011 it had dropped to 46,389 sq. About Us The UPSC exam is generally considered the hardest in the world. Gutti Koyas have access to public healthcare, and Auxiliary Nurse Midwives ANMs and Accredited Social Health Activists ASHA visit most hamlets.
Land grabbing or seeking a living? Harries, the agency Commissioner of Madras in his report in 1918 narrates the evils of Podu cultivation, which are as follows:- 1. It is believed that the slash and burn form of agriculture, wherein huge trees are slashed or felled and burnt on the hills slopes, has been in practise by the hill tribes across the globe since the neolithic times. In 2021, when the government invited applications for titles under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006, it received 4. In 1997, 34,000 Bru-Reang tribals fled Mizoram and settled in Tripura due to ethnic conflict. The hill tribals are not efficient food producer.
In Malkangiri area south-west Orissa there were plenty of unreserved lands available for reclamation. Terrorizing people became the order of the day in these areas. The other is for the Chhattisgarh and Central governments to collaborate on a rehabilitation and resettlement package for them. Chief Minister Rao had assured the state Legislative Assembly last year that the government would launch a drive to protect the forests and remove the encroachers. They do not represent the views or opinions of newindianexpress.
Explained: What is ‘podu’ land issue in Telangana?
Only shifting cultivations were shifting dwelling in remote past. I remember the last time I met him, almost. The partially excluded areas enquire committee,Orissa in 1939-40 under the chairmanship of A. It used to be free labour in the early years, but they eventually started paying, though not at the market rate. While most of them have voter IDs and Aadhaar cards, several families do not have a ration card or NREGA job card that guarantees 100 days of work a year. The letter further states that in the past two years, the Telangana forest department reclaimed land from Gutti Koya settlements in nearly 15 habitations spread across 10 mandals of Bhadradri Kothagudem.