Jackie Robinson was a professional baseball player who is best known for breaking the color barrier in Major League Baseball (MLB) by becoming the first African American to play in the league. He was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, and was the fifth of five children of Jerry and Mallie Robinson. His father was a sharecropper and his mother worked as a maid.
Robinson grew up in a segregated society and experienced firsthand the racism and discrimination that was prevalent in the United States during this time. Despite this, he excelled in athletics from a young age and participated in track, football, basketball, and baseball while attending John Muir High School in Pasadena, California. After graduating, he attended Pasadena Junior College, where he continued to excel in athletics and received a scholarship to attend the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
At UCLA, Robinson became the first student-athlete to win varsity letters in four sports: baseball, basketball, football, and track. He was also the first UCLA athlete to earn All-American honors in football. After completing his studies at UCLA, Robinson was drafted into the military and served during World War II.
After the war, Robinson returned to baseball and played for the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American League, a professional league for African American players that was not affiliated with MLB. In 1947, Brooklyn Dodgers executive Branch Rickey signed Robinson to a contract to play for the Dodgers' minor league team, the Montreal Royals. This marked the first time an African American had played for a team affiliated with MLB.
Robinson's signing was met with resistance from other teams and players in the league, who were opposed to the integration of baseball. Despite this, Robinson excelled on the field and was promoted to the Dodgers' major league team in April 1947. He made his MLB debut on April 15, 1947, and played for the Dodgers until 1956.
During his time with the Dodgers, Robinson became a trailblazer for civil rights and helped to pave the way for other African American players to join the league. He was a seven-time All-Star, won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949, and helped lead the Dodgers to six World Series appearances.
After retiring from baseball, Robinson became involved in various business and civic ventures, including serving as the first African American vice president of a major American corporation. He also became an advocate for civil rights and worked to promote equal opportunities for African Americans in all aspects of society.
Jackie Robinson's impact on baseball and society was significant and enduring. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of the game and his legacy continues to inspire and influence athletes and people around the world. In 1997, MLB retired his jersey number, 42, in honor of his contributions to the game and to civil rights.
Jackie Robinson's Career in the Army
Jackie Robinson: Race, Sports, and the American Dream. Murray, author of "Blacks and the Draft: A History of Institutional Racism" in the Journal of Black Studies, speculates that Black Americans did not receive equal treatment in the draft and were drafted more often due to institutional racism. Jackie Robinson was born January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia. But to those who could see through the colour, could see a gift. Stimson, Gibson became involved in the issue.
However, this didn't stop him from fighting for his rights. Retrieved November 24, 2008. In order for America to be 100 per cent strong--economically, defensively, and morally--we cannot afford the waste of having second-and-third class citizens. Rickey's motives for breaking the color barrier are thought to have stemmed both from a belief in racial equality and a desire to sell more tickets for his teams by shaking up the game. Many thanks to him. Robinson's nonviolence was also a form of activism in and of itself.
In October 1945, he signed with the Dodgers' top farm team, the Montreal Royals. But since effective participation in a democracy is based upon enjoyment of basic freedoms that everyone else takes for granted, we need make no apologies for being especially interested in catching up on civil rights. Robinson now responded to the taunts of opponents, which initially shocked a public who had seen him for three years as quiet and docile. Jackie Robinson is an American icon and his rookie card will forever be one of the most cherished cards in the hobby. Retrieved March 24, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
Retrieved April 12, 2013. Horrifying images were televised to audiences worldwide and left the nation stunned. For reasons such as pushing himself to reach his goals, facing many hardships, and being the first African American to play in the MLB, he has shown perseverance and been a role model to everyone. Columbia: University of Missouri Press. Retrieved May 22, 2009.
He was the first African American to play in the Major Leagues, and would serve as a role model for children of all races for many years to come. I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me. The Sizzler: George Sisler, Baseball's Forgotten Great. . If you're going to spend your whole life in the grandstand just watching what goes on, in my opinion you're wasting your life. Jackie Robinson Wallpapers A collection of the top 32 Jackie Robinson wallpapers and backgrounds available for download for free. He attended UCLA, making himself a four sport star athlete.
But determined to pursue a college degree anyway, he enrolled at Pasadena Junior College where he distinguished himself as a star quarterback, high scorer in basketball, and record-breaking long-jumper in track and field. Robinson's mother worked various odd jobs to support the family. Jackie participated in the March on Washington which was a signature moment for the How Did Jackie Robinson Influence Today 460 Words 2 Pages Jackie Robinson has had many influences throughout his time. Robinson's teammates finally rallied to his defense after witnessing several incidents in which he was physically and verbally assaulted by opponents. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
Retrieved October 31, 2008. Out of the Shadows: African American Baseball from the Cuban Giants to Jackie Robinson. Because of his importance to baseball and American history, his cards are very desirable and very expensive. Retrieved May 5, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2019. Through the eyes of many he was just another African-American.
America in the 20th Century: 1940—1949. . However, few know that before his legendary career as a professional baseball player, Robinson served in the United States Army during WWII. Jackie Robinson Quotes Life is not a spectator sport. Retrieved December 9, 2017.