5 types of authority. Types of Teacher Authority: Which One(s) Work for You 2022-10-17
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8 Distinct Types of Authority in Management You Should Know
Expert — based on the ability to influence others based on your knowledge and expertise Reverent — based on the ability to influence others based on your behavior, manner and approach Reward — based on the ability to influence others by giving or withholding rewards Punitive — based on the ability to influence others by imposing a penalty for fault, offense or violation Michael Holland unravels the mysteries of leadership. Of course, ideals are seldom replicated in the real world. That person they said to have results authority. This authority base requires that teachers accept the role and status of being a teacher—however, for this to work, students must also perceive the teacher as fitting the stereotypical image in terms of dress, speech, and mannerisms. They are responsible for how they exercise authority and for its consequences.
There are five types of authority of an agent which are express authority
Reward Authority is exactly what it sounds like. Traditional authority can be intertwined with race, class, and gender. ADVERTISEMENTS: iv It serves as a means of control by setting limits to the scope of managerial actions. Principles of classroom management: A professional decision-making model 7th Ed. It is not uncommon for a man to be the automatic leader of a family unit; in some countries, however, it is the woman who is the presumptive leader. Local government is responsible for a range of vital services for people and businesses in defined areas.
Staff Authority Staff Authority is different from Line Authority as those in this position are not considered a supervisor. The promoters was personally liable to the seller. However, some organizations ensure that even after the competition of the project the position of the person is retained in one way or the other to avoid loss of an employee. The decisions that are made do not affect people directly. Some leaders, like Mohandas Gandhi for instance, can be considered charismatic and legal-rational authority figures.
Thus, government power does not necessarily equate to absolute power. Charismatic Authority: Power legitimized by extraordinary personal abilities that inspire devotion and obedience. Because so few women have held dynamic positions of leadership throughout history, the list of charismatic female leaders is comparatively short. Sources of Authority : A number of theories exist about the sources of authority : Some persons are of the view that it flows from upward to downward subordinates, others feel that it goes from bottom to upward because of its acceptance by those on whom it is to be used, the theories of authority are discussed as; 1. What type of authority does this example best illustrate? People adhere to traditional authority because they are invested in the past and feel obligated to perpetuate it. People are social beings who, for better and for worse, have created a structure in our civilizations based largely on power. An organization will often listen to and take advice from people with Expert Authority because they have the most working knowledge of that subject.
What is Authority? Trace out the different types of Authority
This authority creates a direct relationship between a superior and his subordinates. As the enterprise grows there is a need to delegate authority to more and more people to cope with the work. Legal Authority Legal Authority in Management refers to the authority given to a person or position based on rules, regulations, or laws set down by the organization. ADVERTISEMENTS: Traditional authority tends to be more common organisation which stress upon continuity with the past and the upholding of widely shared values and beliefs. Now, of course, if you teach at a high school or college, expert authority could provide more influence. In professional terms in HR of a company possesses reward authority who decides monetary appraisal for an employee. Experts may or may not be charismatic but they certainly influence others.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Present day organisations make considerable use of line, staff and functional authorities. What makes these systems work is that authority, real or perceived, is wielded by those in management positions. Though an owner of a small business may have Legal and Line Authority, he will also have Reverent Authority if his employees trust and respect his decision-making skills and leadership abilities. By virtue of the fact that the teachers is in the position of the teacher,they have authority. It is a form of authority that, being more or less lax and flexible, is based on seeking that children receive an optimal education and that they have respect not only for their parents, but for the rules in general. A person may get his orders accepted not due to formal authority but because of his personal qualities. The ability to influence others because of the ability to deliver punishments for mistakes or poor performance from subordinates is possibly the most common form of authority flexed in any setting.
The followers become attached to the leader because they feel that he will help them in achieving their goals. For example, during an extended period of travel outside of the country. Norms imposed by authority are perceived by subordinates as nonsense. If they are given the ability to, those supervisors may choose to use Reward Authority to helo garner compliance from their subordinates. A person does not have to be expert or possess any kind of specialized knowledge to be an expert in reward authority.
Line authority is generally used in a top-down organizational approach. Diverse male leaders such as Hitler, Napoleon, Jesus Christ, César Chávez, Malcolm X, and Winston Churchill are all considered charismatic leaders. Such rules and procedures are commonly found in a writer constitution, and set of laws. Now, the seriousness of not complying with what is established by these authorities depends not only on their degree of power, but also on the context in which it occurs. But the person does not have to be an expert in the subject and should require only enough knowledge to guide his colleagues on juniors. Similarly, we accept the diagnosis of a car mechanic without questioning it because of his competency for this work. In my experience, most students did not seem to care what degree I had or how much I knew about the content.