Diktat is a German word that means "dictation" or "dictatorship." It is often used to refer to the harsh terms imposed on a defeated country by the victors in a war. In the context of Germany, the term diktat is most commonly associated with the Treaty of Versailles, which was signed at the end of World War I in 1919.
The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty between the Allied Powers (led by France, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and Germany. It was meant to bring an end to the war and to establish the terms under which the defeated Germany would be forced to pay reparations to the Allied Powers. The treaty also imposed severe limitations on Germany's military and territorial expansion.
Many Germans viewed the Treaty of Versailles as a diktat, or dictate, because they felt that the terms were imposed on them by the victorious Allies without any input from the German government or people. The treaty was seen as extremely harsh and punitive, and many Germans felt that their country had been humiliated and treated unfairly.
The resentment and anger that many Germans felt towards the Treaty of Versailles played a significant role in the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party in the 1920s and 1930s. Hitler and the Nazis promised to restore Germany's honor and power, and they used the treaty as a rallying cry to mobilize support for their cause. Hitler came to power in 1933, and he quickly set about tearing up the Treaty of Versailles and rebuilding the German military. This ultimately led to World War II, which ended with the defeat of Germany and the imposition of another set of harsh terms in the form of the Potsdam Agreement.
In conclusion, the term diktat is closely associated with the Treaty of Versailles and its impact on Germany following World War I. Many Germans saw the treaty as a dictate imposed on them by the victorious Allies, and the resentment and anger that it generated played a significant role in the rise of the Nazi Party and the outbreak of World War II.
Sexual Life of Women In 'The Bell Jar'
Showing the change from adolescents to womanly adulthood. This essential peculiarity of the psychopath is not in itself evil or vicious, but combined with perverse appetites or with an unusually hostile or aggressive temperament, the lack of these normal constraints can result in an explosive and dangerous package. Finally, it is clear that she attempts to escape this notion by imagining an idyllic yet impossible life that she …show more content… Another common attribute of paranoia is the belief that others are plotting something potentially hurtful. Her novel, The Bell Jar, was first published under her own name in the United States in 1971, despite the protests of her family. The cruelty of the real world towards the young female writer Plath also reflected in the novel. However, it was not only the literary tendency that forced the author to write such a novel, in fact, she needed to express her own experiences. .
Her bitter relationship with her mom coupled with her dismissal from the summer writing program increased her emotions of alienation and despair for the rest of the summer period. However, Joan committed suicide a few days later. Learn More Thereafter, the author introduces aspects of denouement in the story. However, she manages to resist the world and defend her rights to success, recognition, and happiness. She assumed the same applied to men. When she finds out that an acquaintance from high school is at the same hospital, her first reaction is wariness: "It occurred to me that Joan, hearing where I was, had engaged the room at the asylum on pretence, simply as a joke.
The glass jar distorts her image of the world as she feels trapped under the glass. What is in the spring of your life if the spring of a life refers to your first twenty years in your life? Learn More Works Cited Bloom, Harold. Esther Greenwood meets violent men who do not believe in her success in literature, as well as her creator. Esther experiences psychological distress which is a motif. The two are chronically depressed, and their fathers die when they are aged nine years. The bell jar hung, suspended, a few feet above my head. The story is set in the early 1950s when mental health was not spoken about as openly as it is today and so there was much shame and secrecy surrounding it.
The female perspective is a critical element that has been persistently neglected throughout cultures due to the prevalence of the patriarchy. The Bell Jar, follows the life of Esther Greenwood, the protagonist and narrator of the story, during her desperate attempt to become a woman The Bell Jar, by Sylvia Plath actions seem reasonable. Philomena Guinea is based on author Olive Higgins Prouty, Plath's own patron, who funded Plath's scholarship to study at Smith College. The novel is based on self-reflection and the tradition of confessional literature. Sylvia Retreat And Recovery In The Bell Jar Retreat and Recovery in The Bell Jar: A Stylistic Analysis of Fragmentation and Characterization Mahmoud Reza Ghorban Sabbagh Assistant Professor in English Literature Fahimeh Bozorgian M. The issue of gender violence comes out strongly after Marco assaults and tries to rape Esther. The Bell Jar is one of the most famous and acknowledged Coming - of - Age novels today written by Sylvia Plath.
Poem Hunter, 5 Feb. Women who wanted to make careers on an equal basis with men faced harsh criticism and condemnation. This madness is the key which unlocks the answers to her questions about the meaning of her life. Although it may appear to be a dark oriented story, there are moments in the book where it can be humorous. Nonetheless, regardless of the fact that Esther had almost all things that a young woman can desire to have, her life is full of a devastating sense of disaffection and hopelessness. This perspective could be quite problematic and inaccurate. It contained an effective topic sentence that pertained to my thesis.
Sylvia Plath herself is trying to get over a difficult breakup with Ted Hughes throughout the novel. In New York, she is troubled by the fast-moving life and the hassles of becoming a successful editor. . Clearly, Esther is deeply troubled by the hypocritical world that holds her, and feels overwhelmed and powerless to break free of her inner world of isolation. It 's like watching Paris from an express caboose heading in the opposite direction--every second the city gets smaller and smaller, only you feel it 's really you Depression And Depression In The Bell Jar By Sylvia Plath In The Bell Jar, written by Sylvia Plath, the main character, Esther Greenwood goes through the awful troubling depths of depression.
Both literature pieces explore the theme of isolation and suffering through. This parallel reveals the sources of the madness for Plath, Esther and women all over. Esther discovers that the society is not as pure as it seems and has underlying truths behind its deceptive appearance. Her fear becomes more severe while she performs her last work as an intern in New York City, which is to be photographed with a symbol of her career goal. As an American writer she faced plentyof criticism which over-powered her mental faculty as a clinically depressed author. In 1950, she went to Smith College and became a class president who had stories and poems published.
In conclusion, the novel is in the genre of coming-of-age fiction because of the way it marked out the path of Esther, the protagonist in the story, as she moved in a crucial period in her life from an inexperienced teenager to an experienced young woman. She makes relative peace with herself in that she accepts one child, but this is what she does: The child is born. Unfortunately, she bled profusely during this encounter and her fellow psychiatric patient, Joan, assisted her to come out of the ordeal. The Bell Jar goes back in time beginning in the summer of 1953 and follows the story of Esther Greenwood. Esther feels trapped within her own head, plagued by the same thoughts of insecurity and despondency over and over again. Esther thinks that she faces sexual double standards in society. As interpreted in the novel, The Bell Jar, and her other works; Sylvia Plath parallels her own traumatic path throughout her life and her downward spiral during the 1950s, explaining her struggle with her mental suffocation and the inexorable depression that contaminated her mind.
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For instance, Esther attempts suicide by overdosing on sleeping pills, while Sylvia commits suicide. An example of a woman portraying the traditional gender roles is Mrs Willard. Like most …show more content… Therefore, she hesitates to choose one dream. A unique identity is perhaps one of the only true characteristics that defines an individual and is definitely a key principle for understanding. The novel provides a nuanced and insightful look at the ways in which mental illness can affect both individuals and relationships. In the novel, Esther undergoes electro-shock therapy, which is different from the mainly used cognitive-behavioral therapy CBT. She tries to hide herself not to be photographed because she fears picking only one dream among her dreams.
Even though Esther had no idea what she wanted to do with her life, she knew that she would not settle for what was expected of her. She also feels like she does not fit in with society. Learn more The Representation of Feminism in The Bell Jar The Bell Jar was one of the first works in which issues of gender discrimination were overtly discussed. The dreams got rotten and drop to her feet. As she recovers in a psychiatric ward from her mental illness, she aspires to survive and find meaning in this survival.