Paul Cuffee (1759-1817) was a successful businessman, philanthropist, and abolitionist who dedicated his life to fighting for the rights of African Americans. Born to an African father and a Native American mother in Cuttyhunk, Massachusetts, Cuffee grew up in a time when people of color faced significant discrimination and were often treated as second-class citizens. Despite this, Cuffee was able to rise above the limitations placed upon him and become a successful businessman and leader in his community.
Cuffee was the son of Kofi Slocum, an African prince who was captured and sold into slavery, and Ruth Moses, a Wampanoag Indian. Cuffee's parents were able to purchase their freedom and set up a successful farm in Cuttyhunk, where Cuffee grew up working alongside his parents. As a young man, Cuffee learned the trade of shipbuilding and became a successful maritime entrepreneur, owning and operating his own fleet of ships that engaged in the coastwise trade of New England.
In addition to his successful business ventures, Cuffee was deeply committed to social justice and the abolition of slavery. He was an active member of the Society of Friends (Quakers) and worked closely with other abolitionists, including William Lloyd Garrison, to bring an end to the institution of slavery. Cuffee also believed in the importance of education and worked to establish schools for African American children in the New Bedford area.
Cuffee's efforts to promote the rights and well-being of African Americans extended beyond the borders of the United States. In 1815, he organized and funded a successful expedition to Sierra Leone, a British colony on the west coast of Africa, with the goal of establishing a community of free African Americans. Cuffee believed that establishing a settlement in Africa would provide a place where African Americans could live freely and without fear of persecution. The expedition was a success, and Cuffee's efforts helped lay the foundation for the establishment of the Republic of Liberia in 1847.
Throughout his life, Paul Cuffee worked tirelessly to improve the lives of African Americans and promote social justice. He was a pioneer in the abolitionist movement and a leader in the fight for civil rights. His legacy lives on today as an inspiration to those who continue to work for a more just and equal society.
Cuffee dancing for eels" 1857. He offered to help pay for the first public school in Westport, but some in the village did not want their children to sit next to Negroes. Cuffee did not think he would make a good mariner. But the authorities in Sierra Leone saw this plan as unacceptable encroachment on their economic interests and blocked it. Upon his return in 1812 from a voyage to Sierra Leone, unaware that his country was at war with Great Britain, he found his ship impounded by the U. James Wise was active early in the process, for the missionary John Huddleston was writing in February of 1822 of Wise being a leader of the Young Turk faction determined to oust the missionaries from control. He hired Kofi Slocum to care for those sheep; in about 1750 Kofi moved with his family to the westernmost island, known as Cuttyhunk.
Freed after three months, he made his way home, built his own vessel, and became a blockade runner, sailing on the darkest and stormiest nights to elude British patrols. Paul Cuffe, a Brief Biography Paul Cuffe, a Brief Biography Posted on Please visit www. Holy Women, Holy Men: Celebrating the Saints. Cuffee advised the society to look outside Freetown, probably wishing to avoid conflict with the authorities there. He and a brother, John, sent a petition to the General Court of Massachusetts Bay, on 10 February 1780, asking for the extension of franchise rights to blacks as the logical corollary to the fight for independence, in which blacks joined.
As Paul Cuffe expanded his commercial dealings around the Atlantic Ocean, he became increasingly engaged with Quaker businessmen and Abolitionist leaders in Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York and London. In the early 1780s, he began building a fleet of ships that included the Sun Fish, the Mary, and the Ranger. He was the seventh of ten children of Kofi Slocum, a freed African slave, and Ruth Moses, a Wampanoag Indian. Cuffe's landholdings and those of Michael Wainer are described in the Cole, Gifford, Slade listed and linked in the references. Comprehensive book on Paul Cuffe. A request to the selectmen of Dartmouth, 22 April 1781, draf A request to selectmen of Dartmouth 22 April 1781, draft.
His mother, Ruth Moses was of Wampanoag Native American descent. Sierra Leone, an African colony supported by British Quakers, provided a fine opportunity for developing a farming economy. He was the youngest son of Kofi or Cuffee Slocum and Ruth Moses. Sherwood, Paul Cuffe 1923. He realized, too, that the old power structures in Africa depended too profoundly on the slave trade to cooperate in its destruction. Gardiner, Dublin, 1826 , pp.
The petition of both James Wise and Samuel Brown can be found in the MMS Archives, box 279. Paul Cuffee before the New-York African Institution, in The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, October 21, 1817, New-York, Reprinted for W. The future mariner Paul Cuffee was born on January 17, 1759, during the French and Indian War, on Cuttyhunk Island, Massachusetts. At his home in Westport, Mass. In his meetings with local chiefs, Cuffee was careful to observe the rules of court etiquette but not to leave himself open to chiefly demands.
His Henry Noble Sherwood, who wrote one of the first biographies about Paul Cuffe that is included in the references and further reading, summed up his life in the final paragraph of that work as follows: "Overwhelming his industry, his religion and education stands his optimism. He built larger vessels and successfully traded south as far as Virginia and north to Labrador. Many settlers had died from tropical illnesses and there had been continuing conflict between the English commercial and military leaders and the ostensibly free citizens. The first was the Eddy family homestead of 100-acres with a house and outbuildings that was some 300 yards south of his boatyard on the Acoaxet River. Rather, he felt that the slave trade was a great stumbling block to the claims of full humanity to which everyone was entitled, including slaves. The second property that Paul purchased from the Eddy family in 1799 was a 40-acre lot several hundred yards north of his boatyard that had previously belonged to the Allen family and was known as "The Allen Lot.
He could have rocked on his porch in Westport watching his ships come home with precious cargoes, but as a devout Quaker he believed God would be better pleased if he kept working to help people who were less fortunate. They then sold the Mary and Sunfish to finance construction of the Ranger — a 69-ton schooner launched in 1796 again from Cuffe's shipyard in Westport. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986. Slavery in the United States: A Social, Political, and Historical Encyclopedia. His countenance was serious, but mild.
Paul Cuffee â€“ Bio, Personal Life, Family & Cause Of Death
Cuffe did not give it his support. Several of his siblings did the same, but not all. In 1797, Captain Cuffee, lamenting that the place in which he lived, was destitute of a school for the instruction of youth; and anxious that his children should have a more favorable opportunity of obtaining education than he had had, proposed to his neighbours to unite with him in erecting a school-house. But two issues arose that caused continuing conflict between the Nova Scotians and the English authorities. Despite facing several difficulties, Paul managed to establish peaceful trade between Africa, Europe and America.
He took the message to the New York Methodist Conference. Please check back soon for updates. He planned to take a ship loaded with settlers and merchandise to Sierra Leone annually, but the War of 1812, between the United States and Britain, delayed him. His thoughts ran deep, and his motives were pure. Ruling Planet: Paul Cuffee had a ruling planet of Saturn and has a ruling planet of Saturn and by astrological associations Saturday is ruled by Saturn. As a resolute Quaker, it is not surprising to find that he became an ardent abolitionist in New England. He gradually built up capital and expanded to a fleet of ships.