Preventive obstetrics. Division of Family Planning and Preventive Services 2022-10-22
Preventive obstetrics Rating:
Preventive obstetrics is the practice of taking proactive measures to ensure the health and wellbeing of mothers and their newborns during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. This includes identifying and addressing potential risks or complications that may arise, as well as promoting healthy habits and behaviors that can help to prevent problems from occurring in the first place.
One important aspect of preventive obstetrics is preconception care, which involves taking steps to optimize a woman's health before she becomes pregnant. This can involve making lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol and certain medications, and getting vaccinated against certain infections. It can also involve managing chronic health conditions, such as diabetes or epilepsy, to ensure that they are well-controlled before pregnancy. Preconception care can help to reduce the risk of complications such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and birth defects.
During pregnancy, preventive obstetrics involves regular check-ups and screenings to monitor the health of both the mother and the fetus. These may include blood tests, urine tests, and imaging techniques such as ultrasound. This can help to identify any potential risks or complications, such as gestational diabetes or preterm labor, so that they can be managed effectively.
Preventive obstetrics also involves educating expectant mothers about healthy habits and behaviors that can promote the health of both themselves and their newborns. This includes things like getting enough rest, staying hydrated, eating a healthy and balanced diet, and getting regular exercise. It may also involve avoiding certain activities or exposures that could be harmful to the pregnancy, such as smoking or using certain medications.
Another important aspect of preventive obstetrics is the management of labor and delivery. This can involve making decisions about the best place to give birth, such as at home, in a birthing center, or in a hospital. It may also involve choosing the most appropriate method of delivery, such as vaginal delivery or cesarean section, based on the mother's health and the needs of the fetus.
Finally, preventive obstetrics includes postpartum care, which involves supporting the mother and newborn as they adjust to life outside the womb. This can involve things like providing guidance on breastfeeding, helping the mother to manage postpartum mood disorders, and providing support for the physical and emotional challenges of caring for a newborn.
Overall, preventive obstetrics plays a vital role in ensuring the health and wellbeing of mothers and their newborns. By taking proactive measures to identify and address potential risks and complications, and by promoting healthy habits and behaviors, obstetricians and other healthcare professionals can help to ensure that mothers and their newborns have the best possible outcomes.
Major Disorders of Newborn Baby 7. Anemia if presents need to be treated. Cleanliness helps her to fresh and activates energy to care. Avoid greasy, fried foods, coffee, alcohol and cigarettes. The nutritional needs of the mother must be adequately met.
Light household work should be encouraged but manual physical labour during pregnancy may adversely affect the fetus. Engagement : The entrance of the fetal head or the part being Presented into the superior pelvic strait Puerperal Sepsis : Infection of the genital tract following childbirth, Still a major cause of maternal death where it is undertected and untreated. The majority of parents to be do not perceive themselves at risk and 95 percent of abnormalities do occur unexpectedly, in pregnancies not considered at risk. Pregnancy and child birth normal physiologic process that change from conception to delivery. The mother is more receptive to advice concerning herself and her baby at this time than any other time. To prevent spinal injury: - Acute bending at the neck is to be prevented while forceps are being applied to the after coming head or delivery of the head. In an attempt to reduce the incidence of congenital rubella defects, vaccination has been undertaken.
Division of Family Planning and Preventive Services
To remove anxiety and dread associated with delivery. Advise her to avoid risky activities such as surfing, mountain climbing and skydiving. Postnatal examination offers an opportunity to detect and correct these defects. Nurses needs to be aware of these changes and advances and maintain our knowledge base. Early detection of factors affecting labour, such as passage or passenger during antenatal or early intranatal period to place an appropriate method of delivery.
For the prevention of obstetrics systematic supervision examination and advice of a woman during pregnancy, antenatal care, preconceptional counseling and care are the major preventive measures. In the first three months it increases the risk of abortion. Subhashni HOD OBG Department, Bangalore SUBMITTED BY Mrs. During my postpartum follow-up appointment, we spoke about my daughter and shared pictures. If the woman is immunized earlier within three years of the pregnancy, then one booster dose will be enough. Education for Self — Care 8. Persistent inflammatory infection as a result of Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria lead to the destruction of bone and other tooth-supporting structures; an outcome of periodontitis is periodontal pockets Usin et al.
In such cases, the delivery may be conducted by Health Worker Female or trained Dai. Thrombosis : Blood clot obstructing a blood vessel that remains at the place it was formed. It should also be given after abortion. Other examples are LSD which is known to cause chromosomal damage, streptomycin which may cause 8th nerve damage and deafness in the fetus, iodine- containing preparations which may cause congenital goiter in the fetus. Difficult forceps should be avoided. It is a very new concept. And why is it so important? The food rich in iron are liver, meat, egg, green vegetables, green pea bean, whole wheat etc.
Gynecological Nursing is the study of disease condition pertaining to the female reproductive system or any deviation from the normal reproductive of woman. It should be solved in correct time to prevent complication offering minor treatment and proper explanation for the reduction of these problems and anxiety. In case a pregnant woman is not visiting antenatal clinics, then it is the duty of female field staff to pay home visit, which is the key for antenatal services. POSTNATAL NURSING Care of the mother and newborn after delivery is known as postnatal or postpartal care. Medical technology is moving forward with resulting changes in practice and new techniques. The mother must inform to the doctor about pregnancy when seeking any treatment from the doctor or health personnel.
Physicians in the division are fully engaged in the development and evaluation of novel contraceptives through studies supported by the NIH. Complications of the postnatal period Certain complications may arise during the postnatal period which is be recognized early and dealt with promptly. Most of these facilities also have neonatal intensive care units for high — risk new borns. Corticosteroids may impair fetal growth, sex hormones may produce virilism, and tetracycline may affect the growth of bones and enamel formation of teeth. In rural areas, where only limited care is possible, efforts should be made by the FHW to give at least 3 to 6 postnatal visits. She is incredibly easy to talk to and I really feel as though she listens to me when I am speaking, never rushing me out of the office. Prevention of these infections is essential.
. Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing Obstetrics and gynecological nursing, is common with other areas of nursing practice, requires a repertoire of intellectual, social and physical skills. Advise mother to wear a well fitting and supportive brassiere. Childbearing is a normal and natural occurrence, yet it involves a complex series of events that must occur in a precise order to ensure success. This would include but not be limited to reimbursement avenues, malpractice, credentialing processes, level of autonomy, regulations, and internal policies. Consider decreasing weight — bearing exercises like jogging, running and concentrate on non weight bearing activities such as swimming, cycling or stretching. Health promotion consists of education and counseling activities that help enhance and maintain health which prevents from obstetrics.