Polio, also known as poliomyelitis, is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. It can lead to paralysis, breathing problems, and even death. Polio was once a major public health concern, causing epidemics of paralysis and death around the world, but thanks to the efforts of global health organizations and the development of vaccines, polio has been largely eradicated in most parts of the world.
The polio virus is transmitted through feces and oral secretions, and it can enter the body through the mouth, nose, or eyes. Once inside the body, the virus attacks the cells that line the throat and intestines, and it can then spread to the central nervous system. The symptoms of polio can range from mild to severe, including fever, fatigue, muscle aches, and a stiff neck. In severe cases, the virus can cause paralysis of the limbs, chest muscles, and respiratory muscles, leading to breathing problems and potentially life-threatening complications.
The history of polio dates back centuries, with the first recorded cases dating back to ancient Egypt. However, it was not until the 20th century that the disease became a major public health concern, with outbreaks occurring in many parts of the world. In the 1940s and 1950s, polio epidemics swept through the United States, Europe, and other parts of the world, leaving a wake of paralysis and death in their path.
To combat the spread of polio, global health organizations launched a massive vaccination campaign, which included the development of vaccines to protect against the disease. In 1955, Dr. Jonas Salk developed the first inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), which was given by injection and provided immunity to the three types of poliovirus. A few years later, Dr. Albert Sabin developed the oral polio vaccine (OPV), which was given in the form of a sugar cube or drops and provided immunity to the same three types of poliovirus.
Thanks to the efforts of global health organizations and the widespread use of vaccines, polio has been largely eradicated in most parts of the world. Today, polio is found only in a few countries, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nigeria, and efforts are ongoing to completely eliminate the disease from the globe.
Despite the significant progress that has been made in the fight against polio, the disease remains a threat, especially in countries with low vaccination rates and poor sanitation. To ensure that polio is completely eradicated, it is important for individuals to get vaccinated against the disease and for governments to prioritize vaccination and public health efforts. By working together, we can finally rid the world of this devastating disease once and for all.
Free Polio Essays and Papers
The epidemic took the lives of more than 2. Until the Salk vaccine was introduced on April 12, 1955, polio was considered the most frightening health problem in the United Sates. Why Should Vaccines Be Mandatory? History of the immunization schedule. Polio is a viral illness that can cause nerve damage and cause paralysis. The authorities responded aggressively to control the spread of the disease.
Overcoming Polio : Peg Kehret : Overcoming Polio Peg Kehret: Overcoming Polio Peg Kehret, a victim of polio, was paralyzed from the neck down, but regained full movement of her limbs and learned to walk again within seven months. It can then spread to your brain and spine, causing paralysis. I would be more honest with her when she was older and could understand the nuances of mental illness. Lastly, the author demonstrates how researchers were forced to back track on multiple occasions, to learn more about polio. About 40% of people who previously had polio will have some symptoms come back. My grandfather — who worked at the American Can Co.
Some people show no symptoms at all. Yes, polio is highly contagious. Pleased with his support, Wilson appointed him as Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 1913. Poliomyelitis is an infectious disease that reached epidemic levels in the mid twentieth century. School children and parents were as frightened of polio as they were of nuclear bomb attacks on the United States. By 1950, the influx of polio patients flooded city hospitals, and the Red Cross made an emergency appeal in the Baltimore Sun for more nurses. It is these negative and positive impacts that this paper will be looking at.
Essays on Polio. Essay topics and examples of research paper about Polio
Also, today almost every country Post Polio Research Paper Postpolio Syndrome 2005 , the World Health Organization WHO discussed a significant drop in polio cases between 1988 and 2003 due to increased immunizations. Polio, or poliomyelitis, is an infectious disease that manifests as a variety of symptoms, the most severe of which is paralysis which can lead to permanent disability and death. Oshinsky then writes about how foundations formed as What is Polio? Polio cases are still occasionally reported in the U. When the Salk vaccine went to trial across America in 1954, the public was many times more knowledgeable about disease than they could have been before the discovery of the germ theory. Mandatory vaccinations will insure the protection of health, diseases would eventually become eradicated, and people would no longer be able to spread diseases throughout the world. Polio attacks the nerve cells and sometimes the central nervous system, causing muscle wasting, paralysis, and even death. Audrey is one of the few actresses to win a Tony, Grammy, Emmy, and an Academy Award.
Mother’s Day essay: Polio paralyzed more than my mother’s body. I’ve spent much of my life trying to understand that paralysis.
Polio was found more often in the middle class rather than the poor. There are two types of polio vaccines: live-attenuated oral and inactive. Thankfully, scientists created the polio vaccination which lead to the nearly complete eradication of this disease. Salk and colleagues is licensed in the U. Salk also describes his childhood and the events that lead up to his medical breakthrough. Since its discovery in 1905, Polio has caused several epidemics throughout the years leaving many permanently paralyzed or even dead. This is referred to as subclinical polio.
It is noted that about 90% of polio infections are asymptomatic but affected patients can show an amount of if the virus enters their blood circulation. The virus enters through the mouth and reproduces in the throat and intestines. A disease as indiscriminate as a nuclear bomb, it struck young and old, rich and poor, white and black. She had a goose egg on the back of her head. Vaccination is usually done in childhood. The author David M.
The vaccine is similar to the computers antivirus software program which detects the malfunctioning program from the computer and tries to remove it. Polio is a very painful disease and the recovery could take years of agonising rehabilitation to regain the use of arms and legs. Jast 3 yiers bifuri thi vecconi The Pros And Cons Of The Polio Vaccine Jonas Salk the creator of the Polio Vaccine once said. Cases since then have either been contracted outside of the U. The polio virus causes paralysis of the arms, legs, and chest muscles. Nobody, a hobo clown in the vein of Red Skelton.
There are three types of the polio disease which are subclinical infections, non-paralytic, and paralytic. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. The disease, whose symptoms are flu like, stuck mostly children, and in the first half of the 20th century the epidemics of polio were becoming more devastating. Although the polio virus was often no worse than other viruses, one strain caused paralysis, withered limbs, and death. The reasons for their objections or doubts vary from religious beliefs, a lack of understanding exactly what immunizations really are, or fear that their children may acquire a serious reaction to the vaccines themselves. He also taught that it is a life taking job and that polio vaccine was a difficult The Discovery Of The Polio Vaccine discovery of the Polio vaccine will be discussed and broken down into deeper thought on why and how it was discovered.