Social and cultural impact of british rule in india. Socio Cultural Impact Under The British Rule 2022-10-10
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The British rule in India, which lasted from the 18th to the mid-20th century, had a significant social and cultural impact on the country. The British colonial government implemented various policies and reforms that shaped the social and cultural landscape of India in significant ways.
One of the major impacts of British rule was the introduction and spread of Western education in India. The British established a network of schools and colleges that provided access to modern education to a small but influential segment of the Indian population. These institutions played a key role in shaping the intellectual and cultural landscape of India by introducing ideas and values of the Western world. They also created a class of educated Indians who were exposed to Western ideas and values and played a significant role in shaping the course of Indian history.
Another major impact of British rule was the introduction of the English language in India. The British made English the official language of the colonial government and the language of education in the country. As a result, a large number of Indians became fluent in English, which became the lingua franca of the country. English also played a crucial role in shaping the intellectual and cultural landscape of India by providing access to a vast body of knowledge and ideas from the Western world.
British rule in India also had a significant impact on the social structure of the country. The British introduced the caste system, which was a hierarchical system of social stratification based on ancestry and occupation. The caste system, which was not prevalent in India before the British arrived, became deeply entrenched in the social fabric of the country and continues to have a significant impact on the lives of Indians today.
In addition to the social and cultural impacts of British rule, the British also had a significant economic impact on India. The British introduced a number of economic policies that shaped the economic landscape of the country. They implemented a system of land revenue collection that was designed to extract maximum profits from the Indian economy. The British also established a number of industries in India, which provided employment opportunities to a large number of Indians.
In conclusion, the British rule in India had a significant social and cultural impact on the country. The introduction and spread of Western education and the English language, the introduction of the caste system, and the economic policies implemented by the British all played a role in shaping the social and cultural landscape of India. While the British rule in India had some positive impacts, it also had negative consequences, including the exploitation of the country's resources and the suppression of Indian culture and traditions.
Socio Cultural Impact Under The British Rule
Owing to the developed shipping network, it was possible to deliver any article to any country in the world. For instance in 1816, the Hindu College in Kolkata was founded. The multiplicity of governmental functions gave rise to an organised bureaucracy which eclipsed the self-governing village Panchayats. It brought about a break with the past. Indian laws were to be codified and consolidated. Figure 4 see Appendices, fig.
It started talking very high of India. The word caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. A road of 969 miles completed by 1852. The local population felt the oppression in the economy, most of all. There is much research in the field of the colonial period of the Indian existence, implying the agile interest to the exploration of Indian-British relations, especially in the period of the British reign in India. One of the most important aspects of British rule was its relationship to the institutionalized religions of India, which first emerged as a public problem in 1793, when the East India Company's charter was up for renewal by Parliament.
The British Raj’s Social and Institutional Impact on Indian Society
With the gradual march of tune, they launched their struggle for freedom against the British Raj. In fact, the British passed laws in India at the time that forced Indian citizens to produce crops for use in English factories instead of producing food crops. In the 17th and 16th centuries, India had thriving cloth, metal, and carpentry industries that fell into disarray. Distribution of seasonal and permanent factories in Madras presidency. The main cause was the realization of the potentialities of the strike in the existing situation, and this was assisted by emergence of the trade union organizers, by the education which the war had given to the masses, and by the scarcity of labour arising from the expansion of industry and aggravated by the great epidemics of influenza. The Impact of British Rule in India has been exactly as stated here, and there were massive economic, political, and social changes the british rule brought to India.
[PDF] IMPACT OF BRITISH RULE ON INDIA: ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL (1757
Then, the system of elected members was introduced. Thus, Indian tea became a part of the English tea tradition. Like him, they were the collectors, revenue officers and magistrates at their level. Even the Indians could criticize the activities of the British government. ADVERTISEMENTS: The political development had thus already brought about a revolutionary change, in the Indian society. English education, too, continued to flourish.
Social and Economic Impact of British Rule in India
People that belong in one caste, can only marry someone in their castes and this practice is called endogamy. It were these ideas which generated nationalist thought among the educated people. Western Society core is person as individual which may be part of group or not and their individualism was always placed above a social group. It undoubtedly delayed the development of Indian languages, but those Indians who mastered English were in a position to claim the leadership of India. By this time, it may be said, the process of codification came to an end though further legislation of a comprehensive character was undertaken to define the law of land tenure for the various provinces. Bread, toast, fruits, mixture, boiled eggs in tiffin what the Europeans were consuming were followed by the educated Indians. They were not insignificant.
What was the social impact of British rule in India?
In nutshell, the British policy of hesitant modernisation was gradually disappearing after 1858 AD. Rampant corruption among servants of the Company who made full use of private trading to enrich themselves; ii. One was an attack on the company's support of Hindu institutions of any kind, and the other was a demand for the company to forbid certain Hindu practices—such as sati, the immolation of widows on their husbands' funeral pyres—which many British Christians condemned as immoral. They were required to function according to the majority rule. As the condition of the Indian economy was horrible, it caused national unrest, animosity, disaffection, and distrust of the British that were Western aliens on Indian ground, who treated India as their purse. The English educated Indian people like the journalists, teachers, lawyers, doctors, etc.
This class, because of a language and education that enabled them to work for the coloniser, ran the colonial machinery. They represented a new historic force which was later to charge the world and thus were the torchbearers of a revolutionary change. Industrial Revolution gave the birth of the industrial capitalism that made India a big market. Railways were passing through the land of maharajas so permission was asked and if there would be a railway in one state it would also mean that they are going to have strangers in their state mostly and that they are going to have to care about them. It also influenced the introduction of the English language and culture amid Indian society that oped up opportunities for development for the country.
the social and economic impact of British rule in india
Roy 2006 described the Indian economy during 1857-1947. Proletariat Class: It was also as a result of the contact with the British that there emerged new modern industry in India. It was headed by a District Collector D. Architecture and Transport: British also influenced Indian architecture and transport which was constructed mostly by maharajas which were raised in Britain. Tomlinson, The Economy of Modern India, 1860-1970 Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
British Language And Culture Changing Customs In India History Essay
About £150 million were invested between 1854 and 1869. Growth of Scientific Spirit of Research: The British rule contributed a lot for the growth of scientific spirit of research in the country. The credit of origin of administrative machinery also goes to the British rule. India was constantly dependent on them because of these policies. Besides, a certain portion was exported.