The Maya and Aztec civilizations were two of the most advanced and influential societies in the ancient Americas. Both cultures were located in Mesoamerica, a region that encompasses much of modern-day Mexico and Central America. Despite sharing many similarities, the Maya and Aztec civilizations also had a number of significant differences.
The Maya civilization, which flourished from around 2000 BC to 1500 AD, was known for its sophisticated system of writing, as well as its sophisticated mathematics and astronomy. The Maya also developed an advanced system of government, with a powerful ruling class and a complex system of laws. They built elaborate cities and temples, and were skilled in agriculture, trade, and craftsmanship.
The Aztec civilization, which emerged around the 14th century AD, was also highly advanced and influential. Like the Maya, the Aztecs had a complex system of government and a sophisticated system of writing. They were skilled in agriculture, trade, and craftsmanship, and built elaborate cities and temples. However, the Aztecs were more militaristic than the Maya, and their society was more centralized and hierarchical.
One of the most significant differences between the Maya and Aztec civilizations was their religious beliefs and practices. The Maya believed in a pantheon of gods and goddesses, and their religion was closely tied to their astronomical observations and calendar. The Aztecs, on the other hand, worshipped a single deity, the sun god Huitzilopochtli, and their religion was more focused on human sacrifice.
Another important difference between the Maya and Aztec civilizations was their relationships with other cultures. The Maya interacted and traded with a number of other Mesoamerican societies, including the Olmec, Zapotec, and Teotihuacan. The Aztecs, on the other hand, were more aggressive and expansionist, and their empire encompassed a large portion of Mesoamerica.
Despite these differences, the Maya and Aztec civilizations both made significant contributions to the development of culture and technology in the ancient Americas. Both societies were known for their sophisticated systems of writing, mathematics, and astronomy, as well as their advanced systems of government and their impressive architectural achievements. Today, the legacy of the Maya and Aztec civilizations lives on in the art, literature, and cultural traditions of the modern-day countries of Mexico and Central America.
He attacked the fortified city of Nopallan in Oaxaca and subjected the adjacent region to the empire. Templo Mayor Museum displays an abundance of Aztec artifacts including objects used for rituals in human sacrifice. Small groups typically have up to 20 travelers, plus a tour leader and local guides who join you at each site. One of the most important architectural styles is the Peten Style. In Nichols, Deborah L; Rodríguez-Alegría, Enrique eds.
Aztec Vs. Mayans: Basic Differences To Know Before Visiting Ruins
University of Texas Press. For example, some of the several intricately carved stone slabs still have their original pigmentation. Their distinctive shaft tombs, pottery, metalwork, and other artifacts have intriguing links to South America. At this point, you no longer want to gym with the gods. . When Tensions within post-independence Mexico pitted those rejecting the ancient civilizations of Mexico as source of national pride, the Hispanistas, mostly politically conservative Mexican elites, and those who saw them as a source of pride, the Indigenistas, who were mostly liberal Mexican elites. .
Although not directly connected with the Aztecs, it contributed to the increased interest in ancient Mexican studies in Europe. The main crops in addition to maize were beans, squashes, chilies and chinampas could feed 180,000. They built roadways along the coast and through the mountains. It took the conquistadors 170 years to establish control over all of the descendants of the Mayas. The cities also included palaces, homes, markets or plazas, and game courts for their favorite game "Pok-a-Tok". They could record the precise positions of the Moon and Venus and accurately predict solar eclipses. One of the good things he did was to create the world.
When the Spaniards noticed the throngs that migrated to worship at the center, they likened it to Mecca or Rome. Chaac, lord of rain and water, Codex Madrid, 2009, via Arqueologia Mexicana. Aztecs were people who lived in Tenochtitlan, now known as Mexico City. Additionally, the Mayans also built grand palaces for the king and his royal family. The Nahuas After the Conquest: A Social and Cultural History of the Indians of Central Mexico, Sixteenth Through Eighteenth Centuries.
When they were interacting with the Aztecs, the Incans made a lot of effort not to make any mistakes. Maya — What are the Differences? Since you have no desire to hang out with Mictlantecuhtli for eternity — in a boring basement, no less — you slam the door in his face. There was large scale reconstruction between 250 and 900 CE, known as the Classic period, when the Maya built many independent city states, built temples and palaces, developed a hieroglyphic writing system, and developed long distance trade with other Mesoamerican cultures. Warfare was highly valued and a source of high prestige, but women's work was metaphorically conceived of as equivalent to warfare, and as equally important in maintaining the equilibrium of the world and pleasing the gods. Barnhart presents an intriguing theory. Ortiz de Montellano and Thelma Ortiz de Montellano Reviseded. In 1998 he was invited by the Mexican government to direct the Palenque Mapping Project, a three-year effort to survey and map the unknown sections of Palenque's ruins.
Similarities Between Mayan and Aztec Gods and Goddesses
In time, the Mexica conquered the other tribes and city-states to bring them under one rule with Tenochtitlan as the capital. Translated by Doris Heyden. It is found primarily in Guatemala, and it is characterized by steep pyramids and false facades that add additional ornamentation to the fronts of the buildings. Craftsmanship and architectural skills were highly regarded and pyramids were thought to have been built to resemble the surrounding mountains of the Sierra Madre. In handmoss is synonym of raccoon.
The Maya Vs The Aztec: A Comparison Of Two Advanced Civilizations
They believed in many gods like the Maya and Aztec. Tonatiuh — Aztec God Of The Sun Other Realms: Fertility, warriors, and human sacrifices. In older usage the term was commonly used about modern Nahuatl-speaking ethnic groups, as Nahuatl was previously referred to as the "Aztec language". Typical Aztec crops included maize corn , along with beans, squashes, potatoes, tomatoes and avocados; they also supported themselves through fishing and hunting local animals such as rabbits, armadillos, snakes, coyotes and wild turkey. Family: Her consort is Tlaloc.
. Oxford: Oxford University Press. While Tlatecuhtli times your spin class, she tells you her side of the story. Over some 1,500 years, these agricultural villages developed into mighty cities, as temples and monuments to the gods of life and death rose up in southern lowlands and the Sierra Madre highlands. . Situated 50km north of Mexico City, Teotihuacán provides unique insight into the beliefs of the Aztecs, and structures here include the Pyramid of the Sun — the third largest pyramid on the planet — and the equally impressive Pyramid of the Moon.
They build statues like that of colossal Coatlicue or very alive and famous sculpture of a seated Xochipilli. The Incan united its empire by building a huge road network through mountains and across rivers. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. While much can be learned prior to visiting, sometimes, knowing the basics of ancient architecture can give one a full appreciation for the civilizations that built the land on which travelers stand. Barnhart offers a fascinating hypothesis.
. They worshiped their primary God, Inti, who they called the sun god. Some even had ball courts, which were recognizable due to their smooth floors and rock walls, mimicking that of today's stadiums. . . By the time she arrived in Mictlan, she was presumably a grown woman as she became the consort of the Aztec god of death, the similarly named Miclantecuhtl. A typical town would have a weekly market every five days , while larger cities held markets every day.