Mansa Musa was a 14th-century West African ruler who is widely considered one of the wealthiest and most influential monarchs in history. His full name was Abu-Bakr Muhammad ibn Musa, and he was the tenth Mansa, or king, of the Mali Empire, which was located in what is now modern-day Mali, Senegal, Guinea, and Burkina Faso.
Mansa Musa came to power in the early 1300s, and he is most well-known for his epic pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324. This journey, which involved a massive entourage of advisors, scholars, and soldiers, is thought to have been the largest and most extravagant pilgrimage in history. Along the way, Mansa Musa stopped in various cities and towns, and he generously donated large sums of gold and other riches to the local population. This generosity is said to have made him extremely popular and well-respected throughout the Islamic world.
Aside from his wealth and generosity, Mansa Musa is also remembered for his efforts to spread Islam throughout the Mali Empire. He is credited with building many mosques and supporting the education and advancement of scholars and theologians. He also established a strong centralized government, which helped to bring stability and prosperity to the empire.
Mansa Musa's legacy extends beyond his own time and place, as he is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in West African history. His wealth and influence made him a legend in his own right, and his name is still remembered and celebrated today as a symbol of power, prosperity, and religious devotion.
Mansa Musa I
Spanish Depiction of Mansa Musa Mansa Musa's Early Life Mansa Musa's birthdate is unknown, but he is thought to be the grandson or grandnephew of the dynasty founder, Sundiata. The discovery of new goldfields and access to the southern coast of West Africa meant that by the mid-15th century Mali no longer monopolised trade in the region. As a Muslim, he would be compelled to travel to Mecca once in his life. Musa's father was named Faga Leye Tarikh al-fattash claims that Musa accidentally killed Kanku at some point prior to his hajj. .
The merchants of Egypt, in particular, were delighted with all these naive tourists suddenly milling about their markets and they took full advantage, raising their prices and relieving the shoppers of their gold at any opportunity. During his reign, Musa held many titles, such as "Emir of Melle", "Lord of the Mines of Wangara", and "Conqueror of Ghanata". Musa conquered 24 cities, along with their surrounding districts. He is said to have been accompanied by 500 slaves, each carrying a 4-pound staff of gold, and 80 camels with 300 pounds of gold each. Musa is generally referred to as "Mansa Musa" in Western manuscripts and literature. But don't think for a second that he didn't make his journey in style! Musa is reported to have reigned for 25 years, and different lines of evidence suggest he died either c.
Lesson Summary Mansa Musa became the ruler of Mali in 1312. Who Was Mansa Musa? With an army numbering around 100,000 men, including an armoured cavalry corps of 10,000 horses, and with the talented general Saran Mandian, Mansa Musa was able to extend and maintain Mali's vast empire, doubling its territory and making it second in size only to that of the Gabriel Moss CC BY-SA To better govern this vast expanse of land containing a multitude of tribes and ethnic groups, Mansa Musa divided his empire into provinces with each one ruled by a governor farba appointed personally by him. The administration was further improved with greater records kept and sent to the centralised government offices at Niani. Mansa Musa was knowledgeable in Arabic and was described as a Muslim traditionalist. Brown, Great Rulers of the African Past 1965 , and A. They camped for three days by the mansa, Musa's generosity continued as he traveled onwards to Mecca, and he gave gifts to fellow pilgrims and the people of Medina and Mecca.
Not only was Mansa Musa dripping with gold, but so were his slaves. The word Mansa means king, emperor, or ruler. Accompanied by thousands of richly dressed servants and supporters Musa made generous donations to the poor and to charitable organizations as well as the rulers of the lands his entourage crossed. This can be interpreted as meaning either "Musa son of Abu Bakr" or "Musa descendant of Abu Bakr. Musa Mansa Mansa Musa died 1337 , king of the Mali empire in West Africa, is known mostly for his fabulous pilgrimage to Mecca and for his promotion of unity and prosperity within Mali. Some facts of Mansa Musa's biography are approximated and taken from reports of eyewitnesses to his pilgrimage.
Mansa Musa was a devout follower of Islam. In all other respects, though, this ruler from Africa's mysterious interior was treated like the royalty he was, given a He was a young man with a brown skin, a pleasant face and good figure…His gifts amazed the eye with their beauty and splendour. The New York Times. In addition to mosques, Mansa Musa also strengthened the infrastructure of both economic and intellectual communities by building libraries, schools, and universities. Much of Europe was engaged in civil war disputes; but Mali, with its abundant salt and gold mines, was building wealth and expanding. Lesson Summary Let's take a couple of moments to review what we've learned. Mansa Musa is shown in the atlas with a gold nugget in one hand and a golden staff in the other.
He passed a wealthy kingdom on to his sons that lasted well into the 1400s. Retrieved 24 January 2022. During Muhammad's lifetime a group of Muslims escaped Meccan persec… Afrocentrism , Afrocentrism has a long and often misunderstood history. On his way to Mecca, Mansa Musa and his entourage stopped in Cairo, the capital of Egypt, to visit the sultan. He took over the territory of Songhai and revitalized its cities of Gao and Timbuktu. As he traveled, he spent his gold lavishly in the countries and markets he visited.
For the next 6 centuries the name of Mali was associated with fabulous wealth by Europeans. He was a devout follower of Islam. Timbuktu contains the Djinguereber Mosque. During his reign, his armies expanded territories, including the acquisition of the Songhai kingdom. Under his administration and direction, he continued to amass great wealth for Mali. General History of Africa, IV: Africa From the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century.
His name also appears as "Kankou Musa", "Kankan Musa", and "Kanku Musa". Mansa was the traditional Mali title meaning 'king' and Musa was the grand nephew of the founder Sundiata Keita. When Musa took over the kingdom of Mali as Mansa, he inherited an already prosperous empire. Within a few short years, Mansa Musa turned the cities of Gao and Timbuktu into vast centers of culture, religion, and learning. Mansa Musa: Facts and Accomplishments As ruler of Mali and its conquered territories, Mansa Musa had many accomplishments.
Online articles in the 21st century have claimed that Mansa Musa was CelebrityNetWorth has been criticized for the unreliability of its estimates. In Spain, a mapmaker was inspired to create Europe's first detailed map of West Africa. The wealth of the state increased thanks to taxes on trade, the Mali-controlled copper and gold mines, and the imposition of tribute from conquered tribes. He brought with him North African architects and scholars to carry out this task, but Islam remained, as before, the religion of the towns. Indeed, Mansa Musa and his people so overspent that they left the city in debt, a factor which contributed to later The king of Mali had given 50,000 gold dinars to the sultan of Egypt merely as a first-meeting gesture. A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250—1820.
He also traveled with many camels and horses loaded with hundreds of pounds of gold. Who Is Mansa Musa? The meaning of Mansa is an emperor or king. The effect of this sudden glut of gold on Egypt was an inflation still observable 12 years later when al-Umari visited Cairo and recorded much of what we now know about Musa and Mali. He went on a religious pilgrimage, called hajji, in 1324. Other names used for Musa include "Mali-Koy Kankan Musa", "Gonga Musa", and "the Lion of Mali". The king of Mali had given 50,000 gold dinars to the sultan of Egypt merely as a first-meeting gesture.