How many types of forest in india. Types Of Forests In India 2022-10-07
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India is home to a diverse range of forests, including tropical moist deciduous forests, tropical dry deciduous forests, tropical thorn forests, subtropical pine forests, and temperate coniferous forests. Each of these forest types is characterized by its own unique set of plant and animal species, as well as its own climate and soil conditions.
Tropical moist deciduous forests are found in the eastern and western parts of India, and are characterized by their high rainfall and lush vegetation. These forests are home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, including tigers, leopards, elephants, and monkeys.
Tropical dry deciduous forests are found in the central and southern parts of India, and are characterized by their dry, hot climate. These forests are home to a variety of plant and animal species, including lions, deer, and a variety of birds.
Tropical thorn forests are found in the western and central parts of India, and are characterized by their dry, hot climate and sparse vegetation. These forests are home to a variety of plant and animal species, including camels, gazelles, and a variety of birds.
Subtropical pine forests are found in the northern and western parts of India, and are characterized by their cool, moist climate and pine trees. These forests are home to a variety of plant and animal species, including bears, leopards, and a variety of birds.
Temperate coniferous forests are found in the northern parts of India, and are characterized by their cool, moist climate and coniferous trees. These forests are home to a variety of plant and animal species, including wolves, deer, and a variety of birds.
In addition to these forest types, India is also home to a variety of other ecosystems, including grasslands, wetlands, and coastal areas. These ecosystems support their own unique set of plant and animal species, and are important for the overall health and diversity of the country's environment.
Overall, India's forests are an important resource for the country, providing a range of ecological, economic, and social benefits. They are home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, and play a vital role in the country's water and air quality, as well as its climate and weather patterns. Protecting and conserving these forests is therefore critical for the long-term health and well-being of India and its people.
Types of Forests in India
This type of forest is the most widespread across India, accounting for almost half of all forests in the country. To avoid destruction of local forest cover, fodder must reach these communities on reliable roads and other infrastructure, in all seasons year round. Important trees are found in the mountain forest, and these forests are ferns, maples, oaks, rhododendrons, chilgoza, juniper, deodar, etc. Mangroves form an important ecosystem hosting various species of flora and fauna. The tropical deciduous forests have the trees that shed their leaves in the winter season. A major threat to forests of India are in its northeastern states.
Types of Forest in India: Types of Vegetation, Location, Species & Climatic Conditions
No restriction on cutting trees or grazing cattle. No public entry allowed for the commercial purpose of cattle grazing. These forests thrive where the annual rainfall is over 200 mm. Types of Forests in India - Based on Average Annual Rainfall Types of forests are classified differently depending on the degree of particularity. Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India.
Reduction in green belts has been a major cause of global warming, soil erosion, floods, and pollution. These forests cover an area of 1 390 462 acres, around 0. These areas include the hilly area of Himalayas and Vindhyas or Nilgiri hills. It covers nearly 3. Thorn forest trees have long or fibrous roots to reach water at great depths.
What are the different types of forests found in India?
Only a limited number of plants are found in these evergreen forests. Article Role Article 51 A g of the Constitution It is the fundamental duty of every citizen to protect and improve the natural environment, including forests and Wildlife. Also, study the species found in such forests. These trees often rise to a great height before they open out like a cauliflower. Retrieved 21 July 2020. State forests include all vital areas of Indian forests.
The percentage refers to around 4 billion hectares of forest cover. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. Another market driver for bird trapping and trade is the segment of Indians who on certain religious occasions, buy birds in captivity and free them as an act of kindness to all living beings of the world. Stratification is not very well defined in these forests, and surrounding Thorn Forests are generally open grasslands. Dry Tropical Forests In India Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests group 5 are characterized by their species composition. Montane Subtropical Dry Evergreen Forests group 10 are characterized by xerophytes tree species waxy leaves, thorns, and long, fibrous roots , generally found on hills growing as open forests. Trees in these forests are dense, tall and very green.
Types Of Forests Found In India: Subalpine Forests Subalpine forests are the only main category of forest that has one of the sixteen groups under them. The forest cover is divided into 3 parts. Some of these trees have small leaves, while other species have thick, waxy leaves to reduce water losses during transpiration. Outsiders are not allowed in without a special permit. The growth rates have been slow through these years. Cover almost 94% of the TFA.
MoEF, Government of India. It is characterized by tall, straight evergreen trees that have a buttressed trunk or root on three sides like a tripod that helps to keep a tree upright during a storm. Tropical deciduous forests are also called Monsoon Forest. Forest Types in India : a Coniferous Forests grow in the Himalayan mountain region, where the temperatures are low. Mangroves and other freshwater swamp species are found in these forests. Godavarman Thirumulkpad vs the Union of India judgment. Tropical evergreen forests are also known as Rain Forest.
Forest Cover of India As per MoEF Report — 2017 d Wet Evergreen Wet evergreen forests are found in the south along the Western Ghats and the Nicobar and Andaman Islands and all along the north-eastern region. Occupy about 29% of the Total Forest Area. These forests are found in the Western and Central Himalayas, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Meghalaya, and Manipur. The forests in the northern region are denser than in the South. India's Western Ghats and Eastern Himalayas are amongst the 32 biodiversity hotspots on earth. In particular, the protection of the forests would be the responsibility of the people.
What are different types of forests in India? Answer at BYJUâ€™S IAS
Cover 82% of the TFA. In 2001, for example, an attempt to smuggle some 10,000 wild birds was discovered, and these birds were confiscated at the Mumbai international airport. They are named as Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical deciduous forests, Tropical thorn forests, Montane forests, and Swamp forests. India and the United States cooperated in 2001, using Landsat MSS with a spatial resolution of 80 meters, to get accurate forest distribution data. In this article, we have published the properties of the types of forests in India.
They are home to some of earth's unique flora and fauna. Library of Congress released in. Climate, soil type, topography, and elevation are the main factors that determine the type of forest. Godavarman Thirumulkpad vs the Union of Indiajudgment. The Indian market is accustomed to teak and other hardwoods that are perceived to be more resistant to termites, decay and are able to withstand the tropical climate. Spurge, caper, and cactus are typically found in this region. Thus, the entire country is more or less filled with natural greenery all over.