Review of literature on performance appraisal system pdf. (PDF) Performance appraisal of employees: a literature review 2022-10-16
Review of literature on performance appraisal system pdf
Performance appraisal is a process through which an organization evaluates the job performance of its employees. This process involves setting performance standards, evaluating employee performance against these standards, and providing feedback to employees on their performance. Performance appraisal is an important HR function as it helps organizations to identify the strengths and weaknesses of their employees and to take appropriate action to improve their performance.
A review of the literature on performance appraisal reveals that there are various approaches to this process. One of the most common approaches is the traditional performance appraisal system, which involves rating employees on a predetermined set of criteria. This approach has been criticized for its subjectivity and for its reliance on the personal biases of the evaluator.
Another approach to performance appraisal is the 360-degree feedback system, in which feedback is solicited from a variety of sources, including the employee's supervisors, peers, and subordinates. This approach is believed to be more objective and to provide a more comprehensive view of an employee's performance. However, it has also been criticized for the time and resources required to implement it.
A more recent approach to performance appraisal is the use of objective performance measures, such as key performance indicators (KPIs). These measures are typically tied to the organization's goals and objectives and are used to evaluate employee performance. This approach is believed to be more objective and to provide a more accurate representation of an employee's performance. However, it has also been criticized for its focus on short-term goals and for its potential to create a narrow focus on certain aspects of performance.
Overall, the literature suggests that there are pros and cons to each approach to performance appraisal. Organizations should carefully consider their goals and resources when selecting a performance appraisal system and should ensure that their chosen system is fair and objective. They should also regularly review and assess the effectiveness of their performance appraisal system to ensure that it is meeting the needs of both the organization and its employees.
(PDF) Performance appraisal of employees: a literature review
Drawing from the organizational justice theories, it is proposed that APAP can be mitigated by those appraisal-related structural e. It is a great chain of activities that helps to give motivation level by understanding abilities of an individual and it can be possible when supervisor evaluates and measure pay of their employees by comparing with their targets and plans in proper way. While on one hand the focus of sustainable leadership is to keep optimum balance between people, planet and profits; yet at the same time the startup business ecosystem and the general economic climate globally warrants a leader to be entrepreneurial i. Second dimension constitutes fellow appraisees' upward influence behaviors to get higher ratings and rewards. Background of the research: Performance appraisal is one of most important part of human resource activities to evaluate and understand the competence and ability of the employees to attain goals and objectives Bednall, Sanders and Runhaar, 2014. According to the findings, only the members of staff, especially the senior staff, who were due for promotion interviews, were those who initiated appraisal for the purpose of the promotion interviews.
(PDF) Effectiveness of Performance Appraisal System
By giving summary or gist about goals and objectives of an organization employee can give their best for both for their own development as well as organizational. The employee welfare schemes can be classified into two categories viz. Research Aim To identify role of performance appraisal in order to enhance business performance effectively. As per the view of Danielle Shepherd Top methods and techniques for evaluating employee performance 2019 , evaluation of the performance level of an individual is very much important for an organization for improving their performance, to amend quality of work and give motivation level. Scope of research Scope refers to importance of the research and its subject matter to get important results in better way. This paper contributes to the in-depth of analysis of both Intra-Mural and ExtraMural and its impact on employee gratification in Durgapur Cement Works, and also focused on layoff benefits, welfare providing by the organization to its temporary employees. Further, higher paternalistic orientation may make processes like downward communication more desired by appraisee because these processes project superior as a guide and a coach, who is keen to handhold and support their subordinates.
Literature review on performance appraisal
Appraisee's perception of appraisal politics APAP is conceptualized to be formed by three perceptual dimensions. As per the view of Chitra Reddy Performance appraisal: Meaning, objectives, Methods and Process 2016 it is a systematic evaluation or examination of performance of various employees by that organization can be understand their abilities for their development and growth. First is appraiser's manipulation of ratings to achieve their self-serving ends such as own reputation, maintaining good relationships, building in-groups, and handling dependency threats from appraisees. It is also known as performance evaluation,development discussion and employee appraisal to give right kind of feedback to employees regarding their performance and work for justification for increasing their pay and give bonuses with their termination decisions. This study examines the impact of motivation on employee's performance at SUSU, to do so we analyze whether employees at SUSU feel motivated, what actually motivates them and to find out what productivity will look like after effective motivation of employees. So major concern or objective of the organisation to reach at desirable goals and objectives.
(DOC) Literature review to study effects of performance appraisal
Key words: Performance appraisal system PAS , appraisers, appraisees, productivity. Importantly, these are appraiser-centric or appraiser-driven variables, thus implying appraiser's criticality in influencing perceptions. Third dimension relates to the outcome of appraisal, i. Post hoc SEM analysis revealed that communication processes such as feedback mediated effect of structural variables such as criteria relevance , implying criticality of procedures over structural variables. This industry demand more time, more work within deadline, field work, pressure of breaking news, qualitative work with rich content, whole hearted dedication for this profession. Using the descriptive statistics, it was found out that library staff 76. There are some major objectives behind conducting performance appraisal in an organization that are to review and evaluate performance of an individual to get desired performance level of a employee.
[PDF] A Review on Performance Management System (PMS) Methods for Employees Appraisal in an Organization
Multivariate and structural equation modeling SEM analyses revealed that overall APAP had significant negative correlation with downward communication, and appraiser—appraisee relations. Study conclude that because of gender biasness, safety issues, odd working hours, more work in less time, high pressure and stress level, no job security, less maternity leaves as compare to government job, patriarchal mind set of family and society compel women journalists either to leave this profession or to switch over in other field. The Intra-Mural schemes are those schemes that are compulsory to provide by an organization in compliance with the laws governing employee health and safety. The data used in the present study was collected during 2018 from our field works during post monsoon. In this file, you can ref useful information about literature review on performance appraisal such as literature review on performance appraisal methods, literature review on performance appraisal tips, literature review on performance appraisal forms, literature review on performance appraisal phrases … If you need more assistant for literature review on performance appraisal, please leave your comment at the end of file. While some researches indicate that Transformational Leadership style has a positive impact on entrepreneurial business performance, others believe that a combination of Transformational and Transactional Leadership styles should be used to gain maximum effectiveness.
It is not possible for a bird to fly on one wing. Organizations spend large sums of finance and resources yearly on employee performance evaluation as it has become an explanatory component of the overall organization. Leadership has attracted a lot of attention for research and theory building since decades. New comers and women journalists face several challenges in media industry. The significance of communication processes implemented by appraiser implies that understanding cultural context is important when studying perceptual reactions such as APAP. This study will assist in building progress towards organizational goals-individuals or structures seeking to understand how employee performance could be affected by how well motivated they are, might rely on findings of this study which arrived at a conclusion through a descriptive method that there is a significant relationship between motivation and employee performance. It helps in giving satisfaction level to employees in giving their best efforts to achieve organizational goals and objectives in proper way.
Historical data suggests that though numerous theories of leadership have been propounded, the one which has been ruling the minds of practitioners and academicians alike is the Transformational Leadership Theory. This paper aims to understand the points of intersection between the three leadership styles viz: Sustainable Motivation is the reason that propels a certain behavior in a person. The estuarine waters of mangrove dominated Indian Sundarbans receive a considerable load of carbon through outwelling of litter and detritus throughout the year from the adjacent intertidal mudflats. There is ample empirical research about Transactional Leadership, Laizzez faire Leadership and recent theories of Sustainable Leadership and Entrepreneurial Leadership and their effect on business performance. This gives rise to a relatively new style of leadership called — Entrepreneurial leadership, which is practiced both in startups as well as established businesses working in entrepreneurial capacities. A study on Hotel Hilton.
Specifically, higher appraiser—appraisee power distance in the Indian context may influence the perceived relevance and utility of processes such as voice e. LITERATURE REVIEW Literature review also known as narrative review which is an type of review article. Timescale: Timescale is one of important attribute for researcher to divide works and activities in systematic format as per specific time period in which it has been accomplished Bernardin and Wiatrowski, 2013. Performance appraisal is one 1 of most important and significant part of organisational growth and it is directly related with growth of an individual to giving best working conditions to them. From the participants view, performance appraisal system was necessary to assist in determining the input of staff, bring motivation to workers and ensure effective work by the staff.
In a comprehensive performance evaluation process consist of various kinds of methods and tools that helps to evaluate performance of an individual in better way that are as follows: 3. The major objective behind conducting research is significant for an organisation. The present research seeks to evaluate the performance appraisal system at the University of Cape Coast library. This research report is based on Hotel Hilton which is an global brand of full hotel services and resorts and important part of hospitality industry. Pressure increases in proportion of designation. .