World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust (in which approximately 11 million people were killed) and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centers (in which approximately one million people were killed), it resulted in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities.
The war began with the invasion of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union, followed by the British and French declaration of war on Germany in September 1939. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, including Poland, Finland, and the Baltic states.
In June 1941, Germany turned on the Soviets, opening the largest and the deadliest theatre of war in history. Nazi Germany acquired additional territories in eastern Europe, invaded the Soviet Union, and embarked on a massive campaign of extermination and enslavement, eventually committing the genocide of over 3 million Soviet and Polish Jews, as well as various Romani peoples, gay people, disabled people, priests, political opponents, and others deemed "unworthy of life" by the Nazi regime. In response, the Soviet Union, along with the United States, China, and the other Allies, eventually defeated the Axis powers and liberated the territories occupied by Nazi forces.
The United Nations (UN), formed in the aftermath of the war, and including many of the victorious powers, became the first international organization to address issues of global concern, including decolonization and the prevention and removal of threats to world peace. The victorious great powers—China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States—became the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. The United States emerged as a global superpower, setting the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 46 years. Meanwhile, the influence of European great powers waned, while the decolonisation of Asia and Africa began. Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic recovery and expansion. Political integration, especially in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity.
The start of the war in Europe is generally held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or even the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred simultaneously and the two wars merged in 1941. The exact date of the war's end is also not universally agreed upon. It was generally accepted at the time that the war ended with the armistice of 14 August 1945 (V-J Day), rather than the formal surrender of Japan on 2 September 1945 (V-J Day is commemorated on 15 August in the UK and the Commonwealth of Nations). The role of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan's surrender, and the role of
A free research paper writing service is a service that provides students with access to high-quality research papers for free. These services are often offered by academic institutions, libraries, or online writing companies. The goal of a free research paper writing service is to provide students with access to the latest research and scholarship in their field of study, without requiring them to pay any fees or purchase subscriptions.
There are several advantages to using a free research paper writing service. First and foremost, it allows students to access a wealth of information and research that may not be available through their own institution or library. This is especially useful for students who are conducting research in a specialized field or who are working on a specific topic that is not widely studied. By accessing a free research paper writing service, students can expand their knowledge and understanding of their field, and gain new insights and perspectives on their research.
Another advantage of using a free research paper writing service is that it can save students time and money. Researching and writing a research paper can be a time-consuming and costly endeavor, especially for students who are juggling other commitments such as a job or a family. By accessing a free research paper writing service, students can save time and money that would otherwise be spent on purchasing subscriptions or paying fees to access research papers.
Finally, using a free research paper writing service can help students develop their writing skills. Research papers are an important part of the academic process, and students who are able to write high-quality papers are likely to be more successful in their studies. By accessing a free research paper writing service, students can learn from the writing styles and techniques of other researchers and scholars, and use this knowledge to improve their own writing skills.
In conclusion, a free research paper writing service is a valuable resource for students who are seeking access to the latest research and scholarship in their field of study. By providing students with access to high-quality research papers for free, these services can help students expand their knowledge, save time and money, and develop their writing skills.