Apsara nuclear reactor. BARC’s ‘Apsara’ reactor operational after 9 years 2022-10-08
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The Apsara nuclear reactor is a research reactor located in the town of Trombay, near Mumbai, India. It was the first nuclear reactor to be built in India, and it has played a significant role in the country's nuclear research and development efforts over the years.
The Apsara reactor was designed and built by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), the primary nuclear research institute in India. It was commissioned in 1956, and has been in operation ever since. The Apsara reactor is a small, pool-type reactor that uses highly enriched uranium as fuel and heavy water as a moderator. It has a thermal power of 1 megawatt and a maximum thermal neutron flux of 4 x 10^12 neutrons per square centimeter per second.
One of the main purposes of the Apsara reactor is to serve as a platform for the development and testing of various nuclear technologies, including fuel fabrication, reactor instrumentation, and radiation shielding. It has also been used for the production of radioisotopes, which are used in a variety of medical and industrial applications.
Over the years, the Apsara reactor has undergone several upgrades and renovations to improve its capabilities and safety features. In the late 1990s, for example, the reactor was modified to allow for the testing of advanced fuels and materials, and in the early 2000s, it was equipped with a new control and instrumentation system. In addition, the reactor has been equipped with a number of safety features, such as a passive cooling system and a containment structure, to ensure the safety of the surrounding area and the operators of the reactor.
The Apsara reactor has contributed significantly to India's nuclear research and development efforts over the years, and it continues to be an important resource for the country's scientists and engineers. It has also played a key role in the development of India's nuclear energy program, which has grown significantly in recent years as the country seeks to meet its growing energy needs.
Rocket Boys: Inside the Apsara Nuclear Reactor
On account of being a pool reactor with a huge pool, testing the water was a major challenge, not to mention the fact that the actors had to walk across it and Sarbh even jumped into the water in one of the scenes. It is a hot water concept, which creates a difference between Apsara and Apsara-U. The upgraded reactor will increase indigenous production of radio-isotopes for medical application, it added. Along with these, Apsara is also useful for the production of isotopes, primary research, shielding experiments, neutron activation analysis, neutron radiography, and testing of neutron detectors. Retrieved 10 October 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
Understanding DNA damage repair, replication, redox biology and autophagy process and development of radio-sensitizers, chemo-sensitizers for cancer therapy. Retrieved 22 August 2010. The Apsara reactor was permanently shut down in 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2014. Srikumar 30 October 2006. It was shut down in 2009 for a revamp. Thorium is particularly attractive for India, as it has only around 1—2% of the global uranium reserves, but one of the largest shares of global thorium reserves at about 25% of the world's known thorium reserves.
RAPP-1 began operation in 1972. PDF from the original on 8 August 2017. Last Updated: November 21, 2011 Other Name: Zero Energy Reactor for Lattice Investigations and New Assemblies Location: Mumbai, India Subordinate To: Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India Facility Status: How many reactors are there in India? Retrieved 3 September 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2016. Homi Jehangir Bhabha, the great visionary and father of the Indian nuclear programme. Share An upgraded version of India's oldest research reactor, Apsara, has been recommissioned, nine years after it was shut down, the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre BARC has announced. Along with medical uses, it is also helpful for research studies like physics, material science, and radiation shielding.
Physics design of 2 MW upgraded Apsara research reactor
The Hindu Business Online. Natural uranium contains only 0. Retrieved 21 August 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2012. Such as neutron scattering, activation analysis of neutrons, and neutron and gamma-ray emission studies.
Retrieved 8 October 2022. Using radiation-induced mutagenesis, hybridization, and tissue culture techniques 49 crop varieties have been developed, released and Gazette-notified for commercial cultivation. Retrieved 10 February 2012. Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam. Apsara, the reactor was housed in a 100 x 50 x 70 concrete building. The renovated reactor building also has a closed loop ventilation system that maintains a temperature of 24±1°C and a relative humidity of 50±5%. University of California Press.
Press Information Bureau of India - Archive. Nuclear power is the fifth-largest source of electricity in India after coal, gas, hydroelectricity and wind power. However, following a major upgrade, anew version of Apsara has now been commissioned. On 4 th August 1956, the APSARA reactor attained criticality at 1545 hours. Studying macromolecular structures and protein-ligand interactions using biophysical techniques like X-ray crystallography, neutron-scattering, circular dichroism and synchrotron radiation, with an aim for ab-initio design of therapeutic molecules. Custom preparation of special sources to suit the requirements of the Defense Research Organization of India DRDO and National Research Laboratories such as National Physics Research Laboratory, ISRO etc.
Retrieved 1 March 2018. As a part of upgrading, the existing highly enriched uranium HEU fuelled core is planned to be replaced with low enriched uranium LEU fuelled core in order to enhance the design safety features and the maximum available thermal neutron flux of the reactor. It is a multidisciplinary research centre for advanced research and development. The working of the reactor was another challenge—the purpose of every switch, toggle and lever needed to be understood and every mechanism needed to work perfectly. Better neutron economy The higher rated power has been attained with a new core design that achieves better neutron economy.
APSARA: Know about India’s first nuclear research reactor
Retrieved 22 August 2010. The reactor was designed to produce 40 MW of thermal power and 13. Retrieved 1 September 2021. Press Information Bureau of India - Archive. Retrieved 30 March 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2016.