Causes of the cold war. Causes of the Cold War 2022-10-12
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The Cold War was a period of political and military tension between the Western powers, led by the United States, and the Eastern powers, led by the Soviet Union, that lasted from the end of World War II until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The causes of the Cold War can be traced back to the ideologies and actions of the two superpowers, as well as the events and circumstances of the post-World War II world.
One of the primary causes of the Cold War was the fundamental differences in ideology between the United States and the Soviet Union. The United States was a capitalist democracy, while the Soviet Union was a communist state. These differences in ideology led to deep mistrust and hostility between the two countries, as each saw the other's system as a threat to its own.
Another cause of the Cold War was the actions of the two superpowers in the aftermath of World War II. The United States and the Soviet Union emerged as the dominant powers in Europe after the war, and each sought to spread its influence and ideology throughout the continent. This led to a series of proxy wars and conflicts, as the two sides supported different sides in various conflicts around the world.
The development of nuclear weapons was also a major factor in the Cold War. The United States was the first to develop nuclear weapons, and used them to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan during World War II. The Soviet Union soon followed suit, and the two sides engaged in an arms race that lasted for decades, as each side sought to develop more and more powerful weapons.
In addition to these factors, the Cold War was also shaped by the events of the time, including the decolonization of Africa and Asia, the rise of nationalism and anti-colonial movements, and the emergence of new states in the post-World War II world. These events often pitted the United States and the Soviet Union against each other, as each sought to gain influence and support in these regions.
Overall, the causes of the Cold War were complex and multifaceted, involving deep ideological differences, actions taken by the two superpowers, and the events and circumstances of the post-World War II world. While the Cold War eventually came to an end with the collapse of the Soviet Union, its legacy continues to shape international relations and global politics to this day.
The Iron Curtain Descends: The 4 Key Causes of the Cold War
Has the cold war ended permanently or is it likely to reemerge in the coming years is a matter of speculation. They also changed the American perception that total victory was necessary for success. S and the U. Besides, these broad groups were responsible factors accounting for the cold war. This argument was strengthened by the unwillingness of the Soviets to withdraw the Red Army from Eastern and Central Europe Revisionist View The USA Responsible: The revisionist school of thought accuses America more than the USSR. Phases of high conflict alternated with a mix of conflict and adjustment to be followed again by a phase of tension and hostility, which yielded to a phase of detente and detente, in turn, suffered a setback and capitulated to another phase of strained relations.
Essentially, the Truman Doctrine was the idea that the United States should attempt to contain the Soviet sphere of influence and the spread of communism. Cuban Missile Crisis Research Paper 498 Words 2 Pages The Cuban Missile Crisis, the opening of relations with China, and the Vietnam War all contributed to the end of the Cold War from the American perspective. It adds fun to the orthodox view, which claims America is the protector of democracy in the world. They reveal some aspects of Soviet American rivalry, but not all. The Cold War was characterized by the omnipresent feeling of distrust, suspicion and fear.
During this period, the Soviet Union did not lag in strengthening its political and military might. Eisenhower and Bulganin exchanged assurances that nuclear warfare had no rational purpose and that neither USA nor the USSR was interested in beginning such a war. Meaning And Nature: Relations between the United States and the USSR were no doubt strained and hostile even before World War II, yet they were characterized as a cold war around 1947. Instead of sitting at the UN to think of ways and means to help humanity, there had been going on wordy duels. This foreign policy caused the United States to enter into conflict with the Soviet Union as it attempted to thwart Soviet expansionism in events such as:. The United States is a capitalist country.
Thus, the war of communism vs. During this phase, the cold war was largely based upon George F. The Watergate Scandal: The Space Race 860 Words 4 Pages Both countries were competing to get the first person onto the moon. . However, this never happened and any appearance that these two powers were friendly during the war proved illusory. In 1946 the Soviet Union rejected a United States proposal for such control, which had been formulated by Bernard Baruch on the basis of an earlier report authored by Dean Acheson and David Lilienthal with the objection that such an agreement would undermine the principle of national sovereignty. First, East European countries never have had before democratic governments; therefore, Russia acted against democracy was baseless.
As such, the United States and the Soviet Union differed greatly in their views of how the world should be organized following the major events of World War II. The optimism that unity and cooperation among the erstwhile warring nations would become a permanent feature after the war was belied. Khrushchev paid a historic visit to the United States in 1959, and it was hoped that the cold war would now come to an end. Cold War Containment 738 Words 3 Pages The Cold War is a very significant event, and perhaps one of the most important throughout US history. The US was frightened by the spread of Communism, especially to their own nation. This paper reviews the non-kinetic warfare waged between the democratic West and the Soviets after 1945, and shows how a combination of relentless ideological warfare and the threat of total thermonuclear destruction ultimately brought down the USSR and the ideological belief system of Soviet Communism.
Essentially, each nation was deterred from going to war with other, or from escalation tensions, due to the fear of a nuclear war. Not all of these conflicts were the direct outcome of Soviet American rivalry, but few were immune from it. Origin and Causes of Cold War The term Cold War was used to describe the post-World War II struggle between the United States and its allies and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics USSR and its allies. The Cold War was to dominate the international affairs for four decades and way responsible for many major crises such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam war and the creation of Berlin Wall. The term Cold War was first used by Bernard Baruch during a Congressional debate in 1947 mainly a political, economic and propaganda instrument which had only limited recourse to weapons. Truman made the Truman doctrine that said it would only allocate 400 million in the efforts to help Greece and turkey to keep the soviets at bay. The Cold War known as Kholodnaya Voina in Russian was the geopolitical, ideological and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between a worldwide military alliance of capitalist states led by the United States and a rival alliance of communist states led by the Soviet Union.
. It was realized that the hope of victory in a nuclear war was a myth. Many events happened through this time period that shaped American culture and brought us to where we are today. How the two superpowers acted and reacted to each other during each phase are examined below. Else, the world would have seen its first nuclear war. The confrontation between capitalism and communism led to an international power struggle that left the world on the brink of disaster.
It was called the Cold War because in effect there was no active war, but a passive attempt to try to outdo the other in terms of power, ideology and allies all over the world. It was most prominent during the early fifties, but started to die down when Senator McCarthy was discredited and relations between the US and USSR thawed. It is very clear that the cold war affects nations and especially europe and latin american countries by dividing and starting controversial conflict. As a result, they each spent the first few decades of the Cold War developing large arsenals of nuclear weapons. These happenings were interpreted in diverse ways.