The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting from. QUESTION 4 1 The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting 2022-10-30
The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting from
biological factors such as genetics, brain chemistry, and hormonal imbalances.
The biological model of psychology is a perspective that views psychological disorders as resulting from biological factors. This model suggests that psychological disorders are caused by abnormalities in the brain and other biological systems within the body.
One of the key biological factors that can contribute to the development of psychological disorders is genetics. Research has shown that certain psychological disorders, such as depression and anxiety, have a strong genetic component. People who have a family history of these disorders are more likely to develop them themselves. In addition, certain genetic variations have been identified as being associated with increased risk for certain psychological disorders.
Another biological factor that can contribute to the development of psychological disorders is brain chemistry. The brain uses chemical substances called neurotransmitters to communicate with other cells in the body. When there is an imbalance in these neurotransmitters, it can lead to changes in mood, behavior, and cognition. For example, a deficiency in the neurotransmitter serotonin is associated with depression, while an excess of the neurotransmitter dopamine is associated with psychosis.
Hormonal imbalances can also contribute to the development of psychological disorders. The hormones produced by the endocrine system play important roles in regulating mood, energy, and other mental and emotional states. When there is an imbalance in these hormones, it can lead to changes in mood and behavior. For example, imbalances in the hormone cortisol, which is involved in the body's stress response, can contribute to the development of anxiety and depression.
Overall, the biological model views psychological disorders as resulting from a combination of genetic, brain chemistry, and hormonal factors. While this model has been influential in understanding the underlying causes of psychological disorders, it is important to recognize that these disorders can also be influenced by environmental and psychological factors. Therefore, treatment for psychological disorders often involves a combination of biological interventions, such as medication, and psychological therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy.
9 The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting from a
This is the all-or-nothing principle. Antidepressants are used to treat depression, but also anxiety, insomnia, or pain. By the 1970s, many had become aware of the connection between nutritional factors and childhood behavior. Also, these disorders appear to be much more common in women than they are in men; within a 12-month period, around 23% of women and 14% of men will experience at least one anxiety disorder National Comorbidity Survey, 2007. Other biological causes for depression can include physical illness, the process of ageing and gender. The point where this occurs is called the synapse. List the parts of the nervous system.
2.2: The Biological Model
However, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders elevate the unwanted thoughts and repetitive behaviors to a status so intense that these cognitions and activities disrupt daily life. Although the episodes can last for months, a majority of people diagnosed with this condition around 70% recover within a year. Most of the disorders we have discussed so far are typically diagnosed in adulthood, although they can and sometimes do occur during childhood. Is there a negative correlation between biological and psychological bases? In addition to feeling overwhelmingly sad most of each day, people with depression will no longer show interest or enjoyment in activities that previously were gratifying, such as hobbies, sports, sex, social events, time spent with family, and so on. I asked Gina out last night and she turned me down flat. During a manic episode, individuals usually feel as though they are not ill and do not need treatment.
10 The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting from a
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with the development of more severe symptoms of the disorder Thakur et al. What are the Big Five personality traits? The client tells you that he does not like to wear clothing and that he walks around nude most of the time. Dissociative Identity Disorder By far, the most well-known dissociative disorder is dissociative identity disorder formerly called multiple personality disorder. The specific perspective used in explaining a psychological disorder is extremely important. Indeed, scientific advances over the last several decades have provided a better understanding of the genetic, neurological, hormonal, and biochemical bases of psychopathology. Depressive disorders vary by degree, but this chapter highlights the most well-known: major depressive disorder sometimes called unipolar depression.
The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting from?
Neurotransmitters will only bind to their specific receptor sites, much like a key will only fit into the lock it was designed for. Communication deficits can range from a complete lack of speech to one-word responses e. The focus of this approach is on genetics, neurotransmitters, neurophysiology, neuroanatomy etc. D hallucinations and delusions E increased anxiety when in open spaces Which of the following is the biological explanation for mood disorders? The HPA Axis Viral Infections Infections can cause brain damage and lead to the development of mental illness or an exacerbation of symptoms. Eve seeks treatment to learn how to relax. Different perspectives provide alternate ways for how to think about the nature of psychopathology. Symptoms can range from the extreme sadness and hopelessness of depression to the extreme elation and irritability of mania.
QUESTION 4 1 The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting
A Many of the diagnoses were incorrect, as professionals had been fooled by the clients' tendency to play the role of a multiple personality. They also experience memory gaps for the time during which another identity is in charge e. Roughly 7% of adults in the United States, including 9. The finding that panic disorder is nearly three times as frequent among people with asthma as it is among people without asthma Weiser, 2007 supports the possibility that panic disorder has the potential to develop through classical conditioning. Dave's wife suggests that he talk to a doctor because of his inability to cope with criticism.
The biological model views psychological disorders as resulting from a distorted
It is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviors from a biological and thus physical point of view. Indeed, the finding that nearly half of all Americans will meet the criteria for a DSM disorder at some point in their life Kessler et al. Usually, the person knows that such thoughts and urges are irrational and thus tries to suppress or ignore them, but has an extremely difficult time doing so. Burt 2009 , in a review of 26 studies, reported that the median rate of concordance for identical twins was. Biological factors include genetics, prenatal damage, infections, exposure to toxins, brain defects or injuries, and substance use. Waller indicated that anthropological studies and accounts of possession rituals show that people are more likely to enter a trance state if they expect it to happen, and that entranced individuals behave in a ritualistic manner, their thoughts and behavior shaped by the spiritual beliefs of their culture. The next day, the symptoms are the same.
Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders Flashcards
Some individuals with autism spectrum disorder, particularly those with better language and intellectual skills, can live and work independently as adults. E They have physiological causes. Also, generalized anxiety disorder appears to increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes, especially in people with preexisting heart conditions Martens et al. A disadvantage of the model is that does not take into account psychological problems underlying an illness. C They are due to instinctual responses to external stimuli. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers.
12.3 Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
You might say neurotransmitters are part of a lock-and-key system. D They are a result of an imbalance of brain chemicals. This is called the relative refractory period. Depressive schemas prompt dysfunctional and pessimistic thoughts about the self, the world, and the future. Also of key importance to mental health professionals are the adrenal glands which arelocated on top of the kidneys, and release cortisol which helps the body deal with stress. Though not neurons, glial cells play an important part in helping the nervous system to be the efficient machine that it is.
Causes of ADHD Family and twin studies indicate that genetics play a significant role in the development of ADHD. Identify and define important neurotransmitters. Additionally, although food additives have been shown to increase hyperactivity in non-ADHD children, the effect is rather small McCann et al. D The behavior is maladaptive. On average, boys are three times more likely to have ADHD than are girls; however, such findings might reflect the greater propensity of boys to engage in aggressive and antisocial behavior and thus incur a greater likelihood of being referred to psychological clinics Barkley, 2006. Unsurprisingly, those with panic disorder fear future attacks and may become preoccupied with modifying their behavior in an effort to avoid future panic attacks.