Global stratification. Global Stratification 2022-10-26
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Global stratification refers to the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege among individuals and groups in the world. It is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that impacts people's lives in a variety of ways, including their access to education, healthcare, and other resources and opportunities.
One of the most significant forms of global stratification is economic inequality, which refers to the gap between the rich and the poor. This gap has been increasing in many parts of the world, with the top 1% of the global population owning more wealth than the bottom 99%. Economic inequality is often perpetuated by structural factors such as the global economic system, which favors the rich and powerful, as well as by individual actions and decisions that prioritize the interests of the wealthy over those of the poor.
In addition to economic inequality, global stratification can also take the form of social inequality, which refers to the unequal distribution of social status, power, and privilege. This can be seen in the way that people are treated differently based on their race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and other social identities. These forms of inequality are often intertwined with economic inequality, as people from marginalized groups may face more barriers to education, employment, and other opportunities that could lead to economic mobility.
Global stratification also manifests itself in the distribution of political power, with certain countries and groups holding more influence in international affairs than others. This can be seen in the way that global decision-making is often dominated by a small group of powerful countries, while the voices and interests of poorer, less influential nations are often marginalized.
The consequences of global stratification are far-reaching and impact people's lives in a variety of ways. For those at the bottom of the economic ladder, it can mean living in poverty, having limited access to education and healthcare, and facing discrimination and marginalization. At the same time, those at the top of the hierarchy may enjoy privileges such as access to resources, opportunities, and power, which can further perpetuate the cycle of inequality.
There are various approaches to addressing global stratification, including redistributive policies that aim to redistribute wealth and resources more evenly, as well as efforts to promote economic growth and development in poorer countries. However, addressing global stratification is a complex and multifaceted challenge that requires the cooperation and commitment of governments, NGOs, and individuals at all levels. It will require a concerted effort to dismantle the systems and structures that contribute to inequality and work towards a more equitable and just world for all.
Global Stratification And Its Impacts
The stages of economic growth: A non-Communist Manifesto 3rd ed. Many people who have the qualifications and experience for high profile jobs find it difficult to get a job simply because they do not have connections. In Western Europe, the Catholic Church traditionally proclaims virtues of modesty and spirituality. Traditional models, now considered outdated, used labels to describe the stratification of the different areas of the world. Nike has affected the various countries in which it is located by providing jobs through third party companies. Take a look at Nike and General Motors as multinational corporations, they have managed to stay ahead of competitors for quite a decade, these multinational companies have benefited from developing countries that do not have the resources to expand their corporations. Instead, they continued to follow traditional beliefs and practices that stymied industrial development and modernization.
With the liberalisation of Movement of capital and stratification The movement of capital between countries, either by individuals or companies, can have an impact on stratification. They get sick from not having enough food, they have to work under extreme conditions, and they are likely to die before turning sixty-five. As a result, people were able to get more possessions to satisfy their needs. Income, purchasing power, and wealth are used to calculate global stratification. What are factors of global stratification? Semi-peripheral nations are in-between nations, not powerful enough to dictate policy but nevertheless acting as a major source for raw material and an expanding middle-class marketplace for core nations, while also exploiting peripheral nations.
9.1 The Nature and Extent of Global Stratification
Country income groups World Bank classification. However, this correlation is not perfect, and considering nations only in terms of their wealth may obscure important differences in their levels of poverty. Core nations are dominant capitalist countries, highly industrialized, technological, and urbanized. For example, Western nations such as the USA, UK, Germany, Italy, and France. The united states are typically more effected by global stratification because it is known to be one of the more advanced and wealthier nations. On the other hand, countries that still rely on agriculture, like the Democratic Republic of the Congo, remain poor.
Human societies: An introduction to macrosociology 11th ed. Today, global stratification is prominent as ever, and the gap between rich and poor is getting even wider on a global scale. Another family lives in a single-wide trailer in the trailer park in the United States. The population of low-income countries works in sweatshops under extreme conditions, and these factories pollute local environment. These corporations run sweatshops in many nations, where workers toil in inhumane conditions at extremely low wages because their own economy does not accommodate their needs Sluiter, 2009.
Global stratification highlights worldwide patterns of social inequality. By the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, industrial technology had gradually raised the standard of living for many people in the United States and Europe. Using three-world terminology is generally considered outdated and replaced with new models, such as the income classification model. It happened to some Asian countries, and rapid economic growth of Japan proves that industrialization is indeed one of the important factors well-being Macionis, 2017. The first is the three-world model, which was created to group countries together during the Cold War, but is used loosely in the contemporary moment to describe poor and wealthy countries.
Look at the U. Over time, terminology has shifted to make way for a more inclusive view of the world. Some examples of MNCs multinational corporations would be Nike, General Motors, Ford, Qwest, and Fender Music. Retrieved January 9, 2012. Classifying Global Stratification For the sake of clarity and simplicity, the best way to understand global stratification is to think of the world composed of three categories of nations, based on their degree of wealth or poverty, their level of industrialization and economic development, and related factors. A wide swathe of society risks poverty at some point of time; put another way, in most societies, only a relatively modest portion of society may be considered as economically secure.
How is global stratification different from social stratification? Modernization theory places too much blame on poor nations for their own poverty and ignores the long history of exploitation of poor nations by rich nations and multinational corporations alike. The theory implies that people in poor nations must learn the proper beliefs, values, and practices to succeed economically. This ranking is decided before birth in many cases, based on things such as education, financial power, social power, sexual or gender orientation, race or ethnicity, or an intersection of more than one of these identities. In fact, a recent Oxfam 2014 report suggested that the richest eighty-five people in the world are worth more than the poorest 3. Although poverty is usually thought of in monetary terms, some analysts emphasize that poverty involves things in addition to money, including inadequate nutrition, illiteracy, and other correlates of poverty. As the uncertainties of the global economy make repaying these debts, or even paying the interest on them, more challenging, nations can find themselves in trouble. When it comes to employment for example, there has been a gap between the qualified and those who are not qualified but have connections with the higher authority.
Citizens have little access to amenities such as electricity, plumbing, and clean water. This classification was useful in distinguishing capitalist and communist countries and in calling attention to the many nations composing the Third World. Sociologists studying global stratification analyze economic comparisons between nations. Some social researchers, such as Walt Rostow, suggest that the disparity also resulted from power differences. Over time, terminology has shifted to enable a more inclusive view of the world. As expected, global companies move their industrial processes to the places where they can get the most production with the least cost, including the building of infrastructure, training of workers, shipping of goods, and, of course, paying employee wages.