Freud personality development. The Freudian Theory of Personality 2022-10-08
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Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, believed that personality development occurs in a series of stages that are determined by the individual's biological and psychological drives. According to Freud, these drives, or instincts, are the basis of human behavior and are responsible for the formation of our personality.
Freud proposed that personality development occurs in three stages: the oral stage, the anal stage, and the phallic stage. These stages are referred to as the "psychosexual stages" because they are thought to be influenced by the individual's sexual and aggressive drives.
During the oral stage, which occurs from birth to about 18 months of age, the individual's primary focus is on oral pleasure, such as sucking and biting. The resolution of this stage is important for the development of a healthy personality because it determines whether the individual will be able to form strong and trusting relationships later in life. If the oral stage is not resolved properly, the individual may develop personality traits such as dependency, passivity, or an inability to trust others.
The anal stage, which occurs from 18 months to about 3 years of age, is focused on the individual's anus and bowel movements. During this stage, the child learns to control their bowel movements and to differentiate between right and wrong. If the anal stage is not resolved properly, the individual may develop personality traits such as stubbornness, inflexibility, or a need for control.
The phallic stage, which occurs from about 3 to 6 years of age, is focused on the individual's genitals and their sexual drive. During this stage, the child begins to develop their own sexual identity and may begin to experience sexual attraction to others. The resolution of the phallic stage is important for the development of a healthy personality because it determines whether the individual will be able to form stable and fulfilling relationships later in life. If the phallic stage is not resolved properly, the individual may develop personality traits such as sexual promiscuity, jealousy, or an inability to form close relationships.
In addition to the psychosexual stages, Freud also proposed that there are three structures of the human psyche: the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the unconscious part of the psyche that is driven by the pleasure principle and is responsible for our basic drives and desires. The ego is the rational part of the psyche that is responsible for mediating between the demands of the id and the reality of the external world. The superego is the moral part of the psyche that is responsible for enforcing the rules and standards of society.
According to Freud, the healthy functioning of the human psyche depends on the proper balance and interaction between these three structures. If there is an imbalance or conflict between the id, ego, and superego, the individual may develop psychological problems or personality disorders.
In conclusion, Sigmund Freud's theory of personality development is based on the idea that our behavior is determined by our biological and psychological drives. He proposed that personality development occurs in a series of stages and is influenced by the resolution of conflicts between the three structures of the human psyche. While Freud's theories have been influential and have had a lasting impact on the field of psychology, they have also been the subject of much criticism and debate.
3 Theories of Personality Development and How to Apply Them
Phallic Stage Phallic stage happens between 3 to 6 years old. At this stage, boys are taught about male responsibilities while girls learn about female responsibilities with regards to a particular culture. During this stage, almost all the things a child does involves attempts to satisfy oral urges. Though such a control may result in the frustration of the subject, yet it develops tolerance in the subject for such a frustration, and it prepares the subject for better adaptation; of course, in extreme cases, such a control may make one neurotic. Participants did indeed show greater signs of negative emotional reactions to the thought of an African American partner.
Fixation refers to a state where an individual is reluctant to progress beyond a particular stage and is often obsessed with a sexual attachment. Freud contended lifetime personality changes occur through three different stages of development; the id, ego, and superego. Super Ego - Super ego is often the third stage which includes the moral constraints imposed on an individual by his parents or family. In no way does it take into account the current situation, but rather focuses on immediate satisfaction and fulfilment of physical basic needs and drives. But other ideas that have only associative link with the drive-cathected idea, escape repression, and become expressed in the form that is not painful or anxiety-laden. If I consider my worth to be as a man of tolerance, I would get afraid if an idea or drive representative seeks intrusion into my consciousness through cathexis, and to lead me to some such overt behaviour which may harm my self-image; and to exclude that idea from intruding upon my mind, I would resort to the defense mechanism called repression.
Freud's Id, Ego, and Superego: Definition and Examples
In such cases, the Ego plays the arbitrary role by way of bringing some compromise between the Superego and the Id. The child is satisfied with the anus and anus-related actions. It wants the immediate impulses of the individual to be fed at any cost. Under the surface, however, persons who show this pattern still feel inferior: They are merely covering up with an outward show of strength. One more characteristic of the counter-drive is that it has a life of its own; whenever its maladaptiveness is realised, it too requires defenses and controls; and it is possible that in respect of each counter-drive, again and again, defenses and controls may be required each time layering the new ones upon those of the previously used ones; and each time the cathexis of these derivative motives becomes more and more inhibited, and less and less demanding and peremptory. Younger children are governed by the id, immediate fulfilment of the most primary needs, while teenagers in the genital phase are capable of balancing basic drives and abnormal demands with reality and social standards.
Theories of Personality Development: From Past to Today
If the other stages have been completed successfully, the individual should now be well-balanced, warm, and caring. Such a separation is the defense mechanism of isolation. Critique So where does this leave us? If these psychosexual stages are completed successfully, a healthy personality is the result. As, for example, in the action of ploughing the land, Freud sees a symbolic rape of the mother. This, in turn, can make said person act a certain way so that they can achieve a short sense of fulfillment. The superego is acquired from our parents and through experience and represents our internalization of the moral teachings and norms of our society.
Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Explained
According to Freud, in the first days of life in newborn infants , the primitive structure consists of a complete id that forms the ego and the superego. Both playing and day-dreaming may provide respite from burdensome or hard realities only for a while. Counter Cathexis is used to repress an idea which threatens the development of some unpleasant situation, or when the idea itself is painful, and so causing fear. Freud was always talking about the way the mind worked because he believed our minds are responsible for the things we do weather we are conscious or unconscious. The personality of a person has three aspects- physical, cognitive and conative.
Her real name was Bertha Pappenheim. Freud believed that Individuals seek immediate pleasure in order to satisfy their biological and physiological needs without taking into consideration the reality. Etymology Freud was a one of a kind thinker. Separation forms the male identity; therefore, when men engage in close emotional ties with others later in life, they might find it compromising. It is the stage where males and females develop hatred towards people of same gender especially their parents.
5 Psychosexual Stages: Definition, Flaws, Alternatives, and More
Freud's theory has shaped the field of psychology, both in theory and treatment applications. Hyper-cathexis cathects many ideas and thoughts in a system based on logical rules. It is the part of your personality that keeps you grounded in reality and prevents the id and superego from pulling you too far toward your most basic urges or moralistic virtues. Is it currently accepted by most psychologists? In fact, children who were constantly punished by their parents in childhood develop internalizing or externalizing behavior. Freud develops a very time consuming treatment and there is no evidence that it works well.
In this respect, at least, they made an important lasting contribution. According to the Sigmund Freud Theory, success during this stage depends on the way parents handle toilet training. Erikson's Eight Stages Of Psychosocial Development 272 Words 2 Pages As babies, depending on others is an essential part of life. In the initial oral stage, lasting until we are about eighteen months old, we seek pleasure mainly through the mouth. In a famous 1935 letter to a mother who had written him to ask that he treat her homosexual son, Freud wrote that while he believed homosexuality was not advantageous, it was certainly not a vice or something to be ashamed of. Sigmund Freud Theory: development of Psychological Stages and Libido In the repressive Victorian society Freud was a part of, women were expected to suppress their sexual needs.