Clavical. Swollen clavicle (collarbone) causes and treatments 2022-10-27
The clavicle, also known as the collarbone, is a long, slender bone that connects the breastbone (sternum) to the shoulder blade (scapula). It is an important part of the shoulder girdle, which supports the upper limb and allows for a wide range of movements.
The clavicle is shaped like a bent rod and has two ends: the sternal end and the acromial end. The sternal end is rounded and articulates with the sternum, while the acromial end is flattened and articulates with the acromion process of the scapula. The clavicle also has a concave and a convex side, which helps it to articulate smoothly with the shoulder blade.
The clavicle plays several important roles in the body. It helps to support the shoulder joint and provides a stable base for the upper limb to move on. It also helps to protect the nerves and blood vessels that pass through the shoulder region. In addition, the clavicle acts as a strut that helps to transmit the weight of the upper limb and upper body to the trunk.
Despite its importance, the clavicle is relatively fragile and is prone to fractures. These fractures can occur due to a variety of causes, including falls, sports injuries, and car accidents. In some cases, the clavicle may also be fractured during childbirth, particularly if the baby is in a breech position.
Treatment for a clavicle fracture typically involves immobilizing the affected limb with a sling or a shoulder immobilizer. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to align the fractured bones and hold them in place with pins, screws, or plates. Physical therapy is often recommended after a clavicle fracture to help restore strength and mobility to the affected limb.
In conclusion, the clavicle is an important bone that plays a vital role in the shoulder girdle and upper limb. It is susceptible to fractures, but with proper treatment, these fractures can usually be successfully treated and healed.
Lump on collarbone: Symptoms, causes, and treatment
For a clavicle fracture, you may need to wear a shoulder sling for six to eight weeks until the bone heals. This should open up the outlet and ease pressure on the blood vessels and nerves involved. Avoid activities that will put even minor strain on your shoulder. The doctor may recommend that patients with SC joint osteoarthritis avoid the activities that bring on painful symptoms. Introduction to the Study of Dinosaurs.
This condition will be noted by pain and popping when the joint is moved, including turning during sleep. Other pain-relieving medications such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal medications may be used, but they generally will not be adequate by themselves until the pain and swelling start to subside. A direct hit to the collarbone will also cause a break. Complications of surgery are more common in people who have other medical conditions such as diabetes, smokers, and those with other chronic medical conditions. The joint is located in the spot where the clavicle collarbone meets the sternum breastbone at the base of the neck. The second thing that helps in the treatment of clavicle fractures is pain relief with cold therapy and pain medication. The clavicle, more commonly known as the collar bone, is a type of flat bone.
Swollen clavicle (collarbone) causes and treatments
Fracture of the clavicle can occur from a fall landing on an outstretched hand or through a direct blow to the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg Am. Tough bands of connective tissue called ligaments surround the SC joint, giving it strength and stability. Principles of Athletic Training: A Guide to Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, 17e. During your recovery, specific exercises will help restore movement and strengthen your shoulder.
Surgery for osteoarthritis can also be performed, although it is rarely required. Treatment of the underlying infection is necessary to reduce swelling due to swollen lymph nodes. Sometimes a bone graft may be needed to help stimulate healing. The trapezius muscle connects these three parts, so damage to one could cause pain to be felt in the other areas. The only time you should not take medication is if there is a break in the skin over the fracture, which indicates that the ends of the bones may have punctured the skin.
Car accidents and direct blows to the collarbone can also cause fractures. She had pneumonia and then months later a case of shingles around her neck and back of her neck. These are all signs of lymphatic system congestion and inflammation. The pain is worse when sleeping on your side. Treatment after surgery depends upon many factors, such as how fast the fracture heals.
Attaching to the superior proximal ends of the left and right clavicles, the ligament has a common connection on the superior border of the sternum. Most of the patients improve with conservative therapy. It appears as a rough eminence found where the flat portion of the clavicle meets the tip of the pyramidal sternal end. Any injury that causes a visible change in your collarbone position or your shoulder should be treated as a medical emergency. The most common type of fractures occur when a person falls horizontally on the shoulder or with an outstretched hand. Although not common, problems with the SC joint can arise from injury and other disorders. Commonly encountered fractures in sports medicine.
These bony protuberances are better known as clavicular spurs. This synovial joint is important as it anchors the clavicle and scapula to the axial skeleton. Vitamin D deficiency: Not getting enough vitamin D results in a reduction of calcium, which in turn may cause bone deformation that results in swelling. Last medically reviewed on October 23, 2017 Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. An X-ray of the clavicle can show the exact location and extent of the break, as well as whether the joints were involved. Superior surface The superior surface of the clavicle has a smooth appearance. To diagnose a collarbone fracture, your doctor will carefully examine the injury for bruising, swelling, and other signs of a break.
Clavicle Fracture Treatment: When Is Surgery Necessary?
Posterior rotation where the inferior surface of the clavicle moves anteriorly occurs on the long axis of the clavicle, with anterior rotation used to describe return to neutral from a posteriorly rotated position. It can also be a result of excessive vigorous exercise or caused by a fall. Collarbone pain can be excruciating, and is very common among athletes, especially hockey and football players who often suffer injuries to their collarbone also known as the clavicle. Surgery can reduce a visible deformity of the fracture but results in a scar. When these ducts become blocked or compromised lymph fluid can buildup around the clavicles, on either side of the neck, as seen in this picture. Risk factors Teenagers and children are at higher risk of a broken collarbone than are adults.
The posterior surface is distinguished by the horizontal scapular spine, which divides the scapula into the large infraspinous fossa below and the smaller supraspinous fossa above. All content published on Kenhub is reviewed by medical and anatomy experts. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 1996; 4:268-278. Summary Clavicle fractures are common injuries and will often heal without surgery. Generally, if surgery is necessary it is done with an incision followed by implanting a plate and screws. What can be done while waiting for a clavicle fracture to heal? The clavicle is located close to a number of major organs, including the heart and lungs, and the effects of the infection spreading can be dangerous.
The other end of the collarbone connects to the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint. Most patients have full range of motion and can return to activities with no limitations. Fractures near the AC joint also can usually be treated without surgery. The clavicle, along with the sternum and the scapula, forms the pectoral girdle which offers attachment to multiple muscles that play a part in controlling the movement of the shoulder and the elbow joints. . These lumps need to be seen by a doctor. Bony landmarks Extremities The orientation of the clavicle can be distinguished by its ends: a broad, flat acromial end referred to as the lateral third ; and a round pyramidal-like sternal end referred to as the medial two-thirds.