An adjective clause is a subordinate clause that functions as an adjective in a sentence. It modifies a noun or pronoun and is introduced by a relative pronoun (such as who, whom, whose, that, or which) or a relative adverb (such as when or where). Adjective clauses provide additional information about the noun or pronoun they modify and are necessary for the sentence to be complete and make sense.
The book, which was written by a famous author, is on the shelf. (In this sentence, the adjective clause "which was written by a famous author" modifies the noun "book" and provides more information about it.)
The person who called me last night was my best friend. (In this sentence, the adjective clause "who called me last night" modifies the noun "person" and tells us more about the person in question.)
Adjective clauses can be essential or nonessential. Essential adjective clauses are necessary for the sentence to make sense, and they are not set off by commas. Nonessential adjective clauses provide additional, non-essential information about the noun or pronoun they modify and are set off by commas.
The book that I read last night was really interesting. (In this sentence, the adjective clause "that I read last night" is essential because it tells us which book is being referred to. Without it, the sentence would be incomplete.)
My best friend, who is a doctor, is coming to visit. (In this sentence, the adjective clause "who is a doctor" is nonessential because it provides additional, non-essential information about the person in question. The sentence would still make sense without it.)
Adjective clauses can also be restrictive or nonrestrictive. Restrictive adjective clauses are essential to the meaning of the sentence and are not set off by commas. Nonrestrictive adjective clauses provide additional, non-essential information and are set off by commas.
The people who live in the house next door are very loud. (In this sentence, the adjective clause "who live in the house next door" is restrictive because it tells us which people are being referred to. Without it, the sentence would be unclear.)
My sister, who is a nurse, works at a hospital. (In this sentence, the adjective clause "who is a nurse" is nonrestrictive because it provides additional, non-essential information about the sister. The sentence would still make sense without it.)
In summary, an adjective clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun and provides additional information about it. Adjective clauses can be essential or nonessential, and restrictive or nonrestrictive, and they are introduced by a relative pronoun or adverb.
Adjective Clause: Definition & Examples
How do you know if its Who or whom? If your sentence still sounds good, you almost certainly want which without a comma. Since we are modifying a noun, we would use the adjective bad and not the adverb badly. Instead, the clause provides added but not essential information, which is signaled by commas. An adjective is a word that Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns or provide more information about them. Adjectives can also include words that give an amount or a number, as in He ran from many bees. Check if you have identified them correctly by referring to the answers given below.
Adjective Clauses, Definition and 7 Example Sentences
There is the mountain that we are going to climb. The key to determining whether to use an adjective or an adverb as a modifier is to figure out what part of speech is being modified. It will have a subject and a verb. The tree under which I parked my car kept my car from getting too hot. Restrictive clauses have information that is essential to the meaning of the sentence. . Keep in mind that as with other grammar rules in the English language, there are often exceptions.
A nonrestrictive adjective clause can be removed without affecting a sentence. It just gives extra information about it. An adjective clause usually begins with a relative pronoun which, that, who, whom, whose , a relative adverb where, when, why , or a zero relative. The first records of the phrase adjective clause come from around 1834. It describes modifies the first three languages mentioned.
An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a noun. Adjective clauses are beneficial to writing in that they make writing both more concise and more descriptive. Actual adjective clauses have likely been used since the beginning of English. In order to combine these sentences, first choose which independent clause you want to remove. My aunt, who works as the Vice Principal at Vivekalaya School, is coming to meet me today. When which starts a restrictive clause i.
There is more on this below. Before you do, consider what kind of word cat is. Practice What You've Learned Need an account? What Is an Adjective Clause? There is no independent clause, and so we are left with an incomplete sentence. A non-defining adjective clause only gives information. Non-Defining Adjective Clauses Adjective clauses may be of two types: defining and non-defining.
As mentioned previously, adjectives modify nouns and pronouns. The first records of the term adjective come from around 1350. Usually, adjectives come immediately before the noun they modify, but they can also follow a linking verb be and seem, as in The flowers smell nice. This chart lists just some of many adjectives we use. Adverb clauses answer when, how, why, and Look at some instances of adjective clauses to help you better comprehend this idea.
Who and whom are used mainly for people. An adjective clause, or relative clause, is a type of dependent clause that works to describe a noun in a sentence. Examples of Adjective Clauses Politicians whom I admire want the best for their country and its citizens. This clause explains how by providing a condition for the following independent clause. Nonrestrictive adjective clauses also called nonessential adjective clauses require commas because they are additional information to an already specific subject.
What Are Adjective Clauses? Is an adjectival clause? Using dependent clauses is a way of combining sentences. There are then two further subtypes of adjective clauses, which are restrictive and non-restrictive clauses. An adjective clause begin with words such as that, when, where, who, whom, whose, which, and why. Definition: An adjective clause also called relative clause is a dependent clause that modifies a noun or pronoun. This is a correct usage of an adjective clause. What are the two types of adjective clauses? Old modifies the noun house as the subject complement of the sentence. A noun clause can take the place of any noun in a sentence.
Also mention if it is an adjective, an adjective phrase or an adjective clause. I found the book that you were looking for. It has a verb and a subject but does not communicate a complete sentence and cannot stand on its own as a sentence. Examples include who, that, whose, which, and whom. This trick works because that can only be used with a restrictive clause, and — whether you consciously know it or not — some language-processing area of your brain does. In addition, while an adjective usually comes before the noun or pronoun it describes, an adjective clause will always follow the noun or pronoun. Take a look at these adjective clause examples and how they function in different types of sentences.
What is an Adjective Clause? Definition, Examples of Adjectival Clauses in English
However, an adjective can also come in the form of an adjective Interactive Examples of Adjective Clauses Here are some interactive examples to help explain the difference between single-word adjectives, head adjective is shown in bold. What is an adjective clause? What are adjective clauses? They insist on that. Note 3 : Unless there is a comma and preposition on the left; It can be used in place of who, whom, which, when and why. It tells which one or what kind. The computer that I bought last week is not working properly. Question 1 Should I use a comma before which? There is the mountain that we are going to climb.