The politics of modernization. The politics of modernization : Apter, David Ernest, 1924 2022-10-18
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The politics of modernization refers to the ways in which political systems and policies shape and are shaped by the process of modernization. Modernization refers to the social, economic, and technological changes that have transformed societies around the world in the last few centuries. It has brought about significant improvements in living standards, but it has also had a range of political and social consequences.
One of the key features of modernization is the rapid pace of change it brings. This can create a sense of uncertainty and insecurity among some people, who may feel that their traditional way of life is being threatened. In response, some political leaders have used modernization as a rallying cry for nationalism and populism, seeking to use it to unite people around a shared sense of identity and purpose.
On the other hand, others have embraced modernization as a way to create a more open and inclusive society. They argue that modernization can bring about greater equality and prosperity, and that it is essential for countries to keep up with the changing world in order to remain competitive.
One of the key debates within the politics of modernization revolves around the role of the state. Some argue that the state should play a central role in guiding and shaping the modernization process, while others believe that the state should stay out of the way and let market forces drive modernization.
Another key issue is the impact of modernization on traditional cultures and values. Some worry that modernization can lead to the erosion of traditional ways of life and the loss of cultural identity. Others argue that modernization can bring about a more cosmopolitan and diverse society, and that it is possible to maintain traditional cultures while also embracing modernity.
Ultimately, the politics of modernization are complex and multifaceted. They involve questions of identity, economic development, social change, and the role of the state. Different societies will approach these questions in different ways, depending on their unique histories, cultures, and political systems.
The Politics of Modernization (豆瓣)
He started Chittaranjan Locomotive Works. Secondly, it means that with the political development there develops a greater capacity of the people to manage their own affairs, control controversy or cope with popular demands. He started a factory for making railway coaches at Perambur Tamil Nadu. The classification is given by David Apter. University of Hawaii Press.
It does not possess adequate machinery and separate organizations to deal with all sorts of social, cultural, economic and political problems which arise from time to time in a developing or under-developed country. In the air she has now developed inter-continental ballistic missiles capable of delivery at longer distances, India is also going ahead with its research programmer in space with a greater speed, India shot her first satellite in space known as Arya Bhatta. Dodd that the whole problem of the distinction between political development and political modernization is full of ambiguity and the original, difficulties. David Ernest Apter December 18, 1924 — May 4, 2010 was an American political scientist and sociologist. New factories and mills continue to grow daily and use late techniques.
Industrialization: Previously the people used to spin cloths through spindles and live in traditional ways and use their old patterns of occupation and places of residence. For example, the British are traditionally conservative but still, they have retained their old institutions like kingship and House of lords. Democracy is the most acceptable and most modern form of government. Development of Mass-Media techniques: The modernization brings in its wake the development of mass-media techniques. ADVERTISEMENTS: Secular state means that the state will neither practice a religion nor interfere in the practice of religion by its citizens. We can conclude with the remarks of C.
The politics of modernization : Apter, David Ernest, 1924
We are well familiar with the role of Shri Gopal Krishna Gokhale. These mass-media techniques include newspapers, broadcasting, postal facilities, movies, road, rail and air services, electricity, and T. Political Participation: Whenever a society develops politically, there is also an increasing demand of the public in the decision-making process. Urban culture promotes entrepreneurial personality. After that, it was sent into space.
Domains of Modernization: Economic, Political and Socio
To say, otherwise, there is greater involvement of the masses in a developing system. He starts from the traditional societies and regarding the change, he offers three types of authority hierarchical. From 1980s, the sanskritization process weakened as the lower castes took recourse under a greater impact of political modernization and started, getting integrated to emerge as a formidable political force. Agents of Modernization:- After this, we have to discuss the things that helped modernization. He taught at Northwestern University, the University of Chicago where he was the Executive Secretary of the Committee for David Ernest Apter December 18, 1924 — May 4, 2010 was an American political scientist and sociologist.
Therefore the political participation is made possible in a democracy through They influence the government for the welfare of citizens and equal opportunities are made available in services to everybody irrespective of caste, lour, creed, religion, sex or such other considerations. Therefore they press for reforms and start national agitations when their demands are not conceded. The Opposition leader also receives the salary and allowances, and all other amenities like a Minister. Bureaucracy: The party-in-power in a democracy is always most anxious to modernize the country in order to prolong its rule. Increase in Literacy: Another prominent feature of modernization is that all-out efforts are made by the Government and the society to wipe out illiteracy and strenuous efforts are made not only to send every child to school but the adults are also persuaded to learn three Rs.
Lok Manya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and many others who first of all went to England to get higher education and then took 4 leading part in the national movement. Thus the avenues of higher education are made available to every person in all fields. Then it threw into space Apple. He was Henry J Heinz Professor Emeritus of Comparative Political and Social Development and Senior Research Scientist at Yale University. Its main characteristics are the supremacy of the Parliament and the responsibility of the executive to it Independence of the judiciary, rule of law, freedom of speech and press and to form associations. Conclusion:- Political development and modernization are the concepts that overlap and merge into each other in the ultimate analysis.
By, capacity, Pye means first by how a political system acts and is acted upon by the environment, and secondly, what is the performance of the political system in terms of its scope, scale, efficiency and effectiveness. These satellites have helped India a lot in gathering information especially about coming rains and gathering storms in the sea. He was a Guggenheim Fellow, a Visiting Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, a Fellow of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey, a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Science in Palo Alto, California, a Fellow of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study, as well as a Phi Beta Kappa Lecturer. But when our leaders visited Russia, they saw that country had made tremendous progress because of socialism and planning. Nation-building: While the State-buildings points out the improvement of structure for the performance of State-building, nation-building emphasizes one should give up narrow loyalties loyalty to the tribal chief, family caste, ethnic group, religion, region and the like and switch off his loyalty to the nation. They develop the habit of consuming more and more and change the articles quite frequently.