What is scarcity and choice. 1.4: Scarcity, Choice, and Resources 2022-10-11
What is scarcity and choice Rating:
Scarcity is the fundamental economic problem of having limited resources in the face of unlimited wants. It is the condition of not being able to have everything we want, and having to choose between alternative options. In other words, scarcity is the lack of sufficient resources to fulfill all of our desires and needs.
Choice is the act of deciding between two or more alternatives. It is the decision-making process of selecting the best option from the available alternatives. In economics, choice is driven by the desire to maximize utility, which refers to the satisfaction or happiness that we derive from consuming goods and services.
The concept of scarcity and choice is central to economics, as it shapes the way we allocate resources and make decisions about how to use them. Scarcity forces us to make trade-offs and choices about how to use our limited resources in the most efficient and effective way.
For example, if you have a limited amount of money and you want to buy both a new computer and a new car, you will have to make a choice between the two. You may decide to prioritize the computer over the car, or vice versa, depending on your needs and preferences. This is an example of the concept of opportunity cost, which is the cost of giving up the next best alternative in order to pursue a certain course of action.
Scarcity and choice also play a role in resource allocation within society. Governments and organizations must decide how to allocate resources such as healthcare, education, and public infrastructure in a way that benefits the greatest number of people. These decisions often involve trade-offs and require careful consideration of the costs and benefits of different options.
In conclusion, scarcity and choice are fundamental concepts in economics that shape the way we make decisions and allocate resources. Scarcity forces us to prioritize our wants and needs, and choice allows us to select the best option from the available alternatives. Understanding these concepts is essential for making informed decisions and effectively managing resources in both our personal and public lives.
Basic Economics: Scarcity and Choices Part 1
So, it is very essential to think about how limited resources can be used alternatively to satisfy some wants of people to get maximum satisfaction as possible. Alternatively, there could be a lack of demand in the economy, so that, although it can produce at W, customers can only afford the combination of products at V. Getting better grades probably requires more time studying, and perhaps less relaxation and entertainment. In economies, resources are land, labor and capital which used as inputs. Production Possibility Curve PPC Production possibility curve analysis graphically the problem of scarcity and choice present in an economy. Making a decision on producing one good means also that another good will have to be foregone as resources being limited will go to the production of the first good. Intervention: In economics, intervention means governments getting involved to rectify perceived failure in markets e.
If the book is the most valuable of those alternatives, then the opportunity cost of the plant is the value of the enjoyment you otherwise expected to receive from the book. A free good is available in as great a quantity as desired with zero opportunity cost to society. Equity: Equity, being different to equality sameness , refers to the normative concept of fairness. Examples include machinery, plant and equipment, new technology, factories and buildings. Conclusion In conclusion, scarcity means that people will always have wants that exceed the available resources and therefore it calls for rationality in decision making in order to prioritize the choice of those goods that are more important to their welfare. It comes from the word scarce, which means there isn't a lot of it or it isn't always available.
What Is the Relationship between Scarcity and Choice?
Individual agents may include, for example, households, firms, buyers, and sellers. To some degree, all modern economies exhibit characteristics of both systems and are, therefore, often referred to as mixed economies. How scarcity influences choice? If the efficiency of labour force increases, then the production of goods also increases, as a result, the burden of labour force production will decrease. Since are live in a world of scarcity, a society can produce only a small portion of goods and services that its people want. We are always uncovering of new wants and needs which producers attempt to supply by using factors of production.
Each economy faced the problem of how to increase its production capacity. The rule of market demand and supply dictates that when there is sufficient demand and there is diminishing supply, the price of that commodity will shoot up. One of the main issues in economics is the extent to which the government should intervene in the economy. Resources are allocated depending on the type of economy present and price system Baumol and Blinder, 2008, p. Social science:The scientific study of society— of human behaviour and of social interactions.
What is the connection between scarcity and choice?
Explain how opportunity cost affects choices that you make in your own life. Problem of allocation of resources The problem of allocation of resources arises due to the scarcity of resources, and refers to the question of which wants should be satisfied and which should be left unsatisfied; in other words, what to produce and how much to produce. Economic problems arise due to scare goods. Referring back, even in this case, the opportunity cost is not the amount of money that would have been spent on the phone. Efficiency could be using less inputs to achieve the same quantity of output or using the same amount of inputs to achieve greater output. But our wants, our desires for the things that we can produce with those resources, are unlimited. Consider the air we breathe, which is available in huge quantity at no charge to us.
Note: among the suppliers, there will also be private individuals sole traders. Markets may be the most efficient at organising scarce resources, but they often fail to achieve many of the goals of societies such as economic well-being, equity, or sustainability. What would you do if your favorite toys or books were no longer available? Due to this scarcity of resources, welfare economics require that where an individual or firm has a combination of products, it would not be possible to increase the consumption or production of one of the products without reducing the consumption or production of the other respectively. But now, our use of space has reached the point where one use can be an alternative to another. There are several factors that the strength of demand depend on including, productivity of the resource in helping to produce goods and the market value or price of the good.
Wants are a way of expressing those needs. I really want to go on holiday and I would like a new car. They can satisfy only some of their wants. A service is something that someone provides for you; you cannot touch it intangible. If one wants to do all things well, one must devote considerable time to each, and thus must sacrifice other things one could do.
There is no such thing as a free lunch! Unlimited wants and limited resources lead to economic problem and the problem of choice which can be shown as follows: Allocation of Resources Allocation of resource means scientific management of resources in the production, distribution, and exchange. However, this can happen if resources do not reallocate effectively when conditions in an economy alter. An economic system is the method used by a society to produce and distribute goods and services. It is necessary to utilize the available resources to achieve full employment for maximum possible satisfaction. Countries must decide how to efficiently use their factors of production to produce as much as possible with little wastage.
There are not many free goods. This Definition was given by Lionell Robbins in 1935. Note: In the real world, all other things are never equal. Mixed Economies: There are no pure command or market economies. The shift in Production Possibility Curve PPC Production Possibility Curve shift either downward or upward.
Combine this with the fact that human wants seem to be virtually infinite, and you can see why scarcity is a problem. For the purposes of this definition, resources could be anything from money, to goods, time, or even more abstract things like patience. Cuba and North Korea are examples of command economies. At any one time, we have only so much land, so many factories, so much oil, so many people. PP 1 is the production possibility curve in Fig. Therefore, scarcity of resources gives rise to the fundamental economic problem of choice.