Climate change research paper. The most influential climate change papers of all time 2022-10-17
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Climate change is a topic of significant scientific, economic, and political interest. It refers to the changes in the Earth's climate, particularly the long-term warming trend, which is largely caused by the increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, trap heat from the sun, causing the Earth's surface temperature to rise.
The evidence for climate change is overwhelming. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by more than 40% since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, largely due to the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas. The Earth's surface temperature has also risen by approximately 1.2 degrees Celsius (2.2 degrees Fahrenheit) since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, with most of this warming occurring in the past 35 years. This warming has had a range of impacts, including more frequent and severe heatwaves, droughts, and storms, as well as rising sea levels.
The causes of climate change are well understood and are primarily related to human activities. The burning of fossil fuels releases large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which trap heat and contribute to the warming trend. Land use practices, such as deforestation, also contribute to climate change by removing carbon sinks, which absorb and store carbon dioxide.
The impacts of climate change are wide-ranging and are felt by people and ecosystems around the world. Some of the most significant impacts include more frequent and severe heatwaves and storms, rising sea levels, and changes in precipitation patterns. These impacts have economic consequences, such as crop failures and infrastructure damage, as well as social consequences, such as the displacement of people from their homes.
There are a variety of approaches that can be taken to address climate change. These include reducing greenhouse gas emissions through the use of clean energy sources and energy efficiency measures, as well as implementing policies to encourage the adoption of these technologies. Another approach is to invest in technologies that can remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, such as afforestation and reforestation projects.
Overall, climate change is a complex and pressing issue that requires urgent action. While there are a variety of approaches that can be taken to address it, the most effective way to mitigate the impacts of climate change is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and invest in clean energy technologies. By taking these steps, we can help to ensure a more sustainable and habitable future for all.
Coverage of climate change in introductory biology textbooks, 1970
Declaration of Competing Interest The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper. The 1990s still showed the largest increase in passage size, though textbooks published in the 2010s decreased in median length. While there are many important scientific topics to address in introductory biology, developers of instructional materials ought to ensure a balance between organismal, ecological, cellular and molecular biology. Nevertheless, you must be ready to research your topic extensively before you start writing your academic paper or essay. The first six of the eight units deal with subcellular concepts. The most common data figures are those that display CO 2 levels and global temperatures. Over the past two decades, Democrats have become more likely to believe that climate change is a serious issue that will affect their lives, while Republicans have become less likely to believe climate change is a serious problem.
More than 99.9% of studies agree: Humans caused climate change
The most extensive coverage of climate change in 2010—2019 included just 107 sentences. Our group is recognized as leaders in defining climate forcings, how they are changing, and the equivalence and tradeoffs among different forcings greenhouse gases, aerosols, etc. The position of the climate change passage moved further back in the book, from the last 15% to the last 2. Consistently, actions that focused on national or international responsibilities were presented over four times more than individual or local solutions. The average size of the passage on climate change grew more slowly in the 2000s; the median length of the passage surprisingly decreased in the 2010s. Climate change coverage has been consistently presented toward the end of the textbook, though has moved further toward the end in more recent books. Agreement for each data entry was defined as the same score for numbers under 10, or scores within ±1 for counts of 10 and above.
How Algae Could Change The Fossil Fuel Industry. Hence, CMIP6 is expected to provide more reliable information on the regional climate response to anthropogenic forcing Chen et al. Include the following information: a what population is affected, b at what level does it occur local, state, or national , and c evidence about the issues supported by resources. This issue stands the potential not only to threaten many animal species around the world, but. The stagnancy in climate change coverage may have multiple influences, including societal concerns, student mental wellness, and author interest. Therefore, the number of figures should reflect the value placed on the content.
Effects of anthropogenic climate change on the drought characteristics in China: From frequency, duration, intensity, and affected area
Tesla is one such example: it is an. The potential for Dr. In spite of such results, public opinion polls as well as opinions of politicians and public representatives point to false beliefs and claims that a significant debate still exists among scientists over the true cause of climate change. Introduction Climate change may cause variations in the characteristics of severe drought events, which would be harmful to both natural and society systems at different spatial and temporal scales Jaeger et al. Chen and Sun 2017 suggested that human activities are the main driver of drought trends in China, and natural variability were mainly responsible for the variability of droughts.
This report is the most detailed review yet of momentum since the Paris Agreement and was designed to both inspire and inform the UN Climate Action Summit on 23 September 2019. Citation: Ansari RA, Landin JM 2022 Coverage of climate change in introductory biology textbooks, 1970—2019. Sentences offering actionable solutions peaked in the 1990s, at 15% of the passage, and declined to 3% of the passage in 2010—2019 books. Yet a 2021 Gallup poll found that only 43% of Americans see climate change as a serious threat over their lifetimes. America officially sucks at recycling. The best way to describe this situation is by comparing the increase of the rate of infectious disease to the fluctuation in temperatures; a connection needs be established between the two.
An increase in the number of visual elements, especially those portraying data, corroborates statements presented in the text, promotes understanding and recall of climate change evidence, and increases the space devoted to the topic of climate change. And this will have dire consequences on human health and the global climate. The median start location, ranged in the last 2—5% of the book over the last three decades. Second, we propose that, rather than providing extensive coverage of climate change effects with few actionable solutions, authors and educators intentionally pair effects with solutions. There are great new products like hemp plastic which can be used to replace the plastics we use in our everyday lives but that accumulate in landfills because they are not biodegradable. Compared with the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 CMIP5 , CMIP6 with enrichment climate models and more modeling groups shows reduced biases in drought characteristics, which are more likely associated with improvements in the representation of physical processes in climate models.
100 Best Climate Change Topics For Research Papers
Hansen and our group to communicate with decision makers and the public depends on maintaining our high scientific reputation and productivity. Maps showing the impact of climate change on species movement also appeared in the 2000s and increased through the 2010s Fig 7. However, some learners have difficulties choosing topics for their papers and essays on climate change. Impacts on extinction rates made up the largest number of sentences in all three decades, and the topic increased over time. While the lists were limited to the past decade, all books had been included in our sample see Passage selection The passage addressing climate change was located by searching for key phrases in the index: atmospheric carbon, changing climate, climate change, climate variation, environmental change, global warming, global climate, greenhouse effect, greenhouse gas, nuclear winter, ocean acidification, refrigeration effect, sea level rise, and warming climate.
The most influential climate change papers of all time
You can click on the topics above to see blog posts on specific subjects. In this study, we present the dependence of compound hot and dry days CHDDs and events CHDEs upon individual ones using summer June—July—August daily temperature and precipitation across China during 1961—2014. And last month, For the latest study, researchers began by selecting a random set of 3,000 scientific studies related to climate change published since 2012. The take-home message: Over the past decade, scientific consensus has built around the notion that humans are causing climate change. As such, writing a research paper or essay on any of these topics requires extensive research and analysis of information.
A team of more than 300 experts produced the report, which was extensively reviewed by the public and experts, including federal agencies and a panel of the National Academy of Sciences. There are probably two causes of climate change: 1 natural variability in the ocean—atmosphere system; 2 external drivers that change the radiative balance or other characteristics IPCC, 2012. Amount of content We expected the amount of content to increase in proportion with publications on climate change and the severity of societal and environmental consequences. While the climate in northwest of China shows warm and wet tendency Peng and Zhou, 2017. Climate change issues have continued to increase over the years. Therefore, translated biology textbooks can be distributed among international audiences with few changes.
Scientific Consensus: Humans Are Causing Climate Change
Here is a list of topics about climate change that will interest most people. The earliest start location, at a median of 85. To limit the selection to anthropogenic climate change, we excluded passages that primarily focused on the carbon cycle, atmospheric composition, ozone depletion, photosynthesis, fluctuation of seasonal temperatures, or climate change events in past geologic eras. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. Location of passage addressing climate change in college introductory biology textbooks.