An indifference curve is a graphical representation of a consumer's preferences for different combinations of two goods. It represents the different combinations of the two goods that the consumer is willing to accept as being equally desirable. In other words, an indifference curve shows the different trade-offs that a consumer is willing to make between two goods in order to maintain the same level of satisfaction or utility.
Indifference curves are typically depicted as downward sloping curves on a graph, with one good represented on the x-axis and the other on the y-axis. The slope of the curve represents the consumer's willingness to trade one good for another. A steep slope indicates that the consumer is willing to give up a lot of one good in order to obtain a little more of the other good, while a shallow slope indicates that the consumer is less willing to make this trade-off.
There are a few important properties of indifference curves that are worth noting. First, indifference curves are typically assumed to be downward sloping, which means that as the quantity of one good increases, the consumer is willing to accept a lower quantity of the other good in order to maintain the same level of satisfaction. This is because, as the consumer obtains more of one good, the marginal utility of that good decreases, while the marginal utility of the other good increases.
Second, indifference curves are assumed to be convex to the origin, which means that the slope of the curve becomes shallower as the quantities of the two goods increase. This reflects the fact that the marginal rate of substitution (the rate at which the consumer is willing to trade one good for another) decreases as the consumer obtains more of either good.
Third, indifference curves are assumed to be non-intersecting, which means that a consumer cannot be indifferent between two different combinations of goods. In other words, a consumer must prefer one combination of goods over another.
Indifference curves are a useful tool for analyzing consumer behavior and for understanding how consumers make trade-offs between different goods. They can be used to predict how a consumer's preferences will change in response to changes in the prices of goods or in the consumer's income. They can also be used to analyze how changes in market conditions, such as changes in the supply or demand for a good, will affect the prices of goods and the quantity of goods that are produced and consumed.
What is Indifference Curve? Definition of Indifference Curve, Indifference Curve Meaning
It is evidenced by figures D, E, and F having decreased marginal utility. Example: Nisha is consuming two goods Chocolate and Ice-Cream, and is willing to consume different combinations of these goods to gain an equal level of satisfaction with each combination. Hence IC2 curve gives more satisfaction Lets Practise. Please note that the questions and answers contained on our website are for study purposes only and should not be treated as the exact questions to expect in your examination. Along the indifference curve, the consumer is indifferent between any of the combinations of goods represented by points on the curve because the combination of goods on an indifference curve provides the same level of utility to the consumer. The indifference curves are less convex when the commodities may be easily substituted for one another; on the other hand, when it is difficult to replace one commodity for another, the indifference curves are more convex.
Doc: Warren, like most practitioners, figured out that talking about theory shifts the client indifference curve away from investing. What is Indifference Curve? Notice that when the individual moved from point 1 to point 2, they lowered the consumption of Coffee from ten to five and increased the consumption of Pepsi from one to two units. Every point on the indifference curve shows that an individual or a consumer is indifferent between the two products as it gives him the same kind of utility. At each of the consumption bundles, the individual is said to be indifferent. Also, for academic theories to work, scholars include a list of assumptions, meaning holding other variables constant. However, it has already been proved under Indifference Map that two indifference curves on a single graph show different satisfaction levels along the curve.
Indifference Curve Definition and Tutorial for Investment Modeling
An Indifference Curve never touches either of the axes The indifference curve is based on the assumption that a consumer considers different possible combinations of two goods and wants both goods. Thus the indifference curve I 4 indicates a higher level of satisfaction than I 3 which, in turn, is indicative of a higher level of satisfaction than I 2 and so on. Normally, one would be higher than the other. Tracking the exchange of goods and services is one of the primary ways for economists to measure economic output. Brexit refers to the possibility of Britain withdrawing from the European Union EU.
In such a case, the Perfect Complements Indifference Curve Perfect complements' indifference curves are right-angled. The indifference curves are bowed inward due to the diminishing The main properties of the indifference curve are based on the basic assumptions of Completeness, Transitivity, and More is better than less. In addition to everything indicated, we cannot ignore an important series of data or characteristics of the flame regular indifference curves such as these: -They do not cut each other. This makes it possible to analyze consumer behavior. Kirsten is also the founder and director of Your Best Edit; find her on LinkedIn and Facebook. This implies that their marginal rate of substitution is equal to five Coffees per Pepsi. A single indifference curve concerns only one level of satisfaction.
The diminishing marginal rate of substitution is the reason why the indifference curve is convex bowed inward. Combination of Apples and Bananas Apples A Bananas B P 1 15 Q 2 10 R 3 6 S 4 3 T 5 1 From the above table we can draw the following indifference curve: Properties of Indifference Curve: a Indifferent curves are always convex to the origin An indifference curve is convex to the origin because of diminishing MRS. Leave a question in the comments section on YouTube or check out our Related Terms Our trained humans found other terms in the category modern portfolio theory you may find helpful. Prepare an indifference curve for the same. Because of this reason, an individual can use the indifference curve to depict the demand pattern and preferences of a consumer for a different set of commodities. On the indifference curve, in fact, the different points have different monetary values, although the satisfaction they provide to the consumer is the same. The IC curve shown in the figure above is generated by joining these combinations.
Koutsoyiannis 1985 defines the indifference curve as the locus of points particular combinations or bundles of goods which yield the same utility to the consumer, so that he is indifferent as to the particular combination he consumes. Perfect Complements Indifference Curve Perfect complements are goods that are directly related in demand quantity. Indifference Curve Analysis Indifference curves operate under many assumptions; for example, each indifference curve is typically convex to the origin, and no two indifference curves ever intersect. However, this is not possible, as B and C lie on two different indifference curves, IC 1 and 1C 2 respectively and represent different levels of satisfaction. Each point on an indifference curve represents a consumption bundle, and the consumer is indifferent among all consumption bundles on the indifference curve. A negatively sloped Indifference curve Fig above.
It's helpful for passing a portfolio theory exam too. Kirsten Rohrs Schmitt is an accomplished professional editor, writer, proofreader, and fact-checker. Our third example shows an indifference map with four indifference curves blue that represent perfect complementary goods, z 1 and z 2. Thus, cars and gas are perfect complements. Such indifference curves are against our basic assumption. If indifference curves are allowed to intersect, it will break down the assumptions of transitivity and consistency.
NOTE: Question: How is the indifference curve similar or different from the demand curve you learn in study session two? Thus, the indifference curve is convex to the origin. Criticisms and Complications of the Indifference Curve Indifference curves, like many aspects of contemporary For example, consumer preferences might change between two different points in time, rendering specific indifference curves practically useless. Assumptions of Indifference Curve Analysis : 3 The consumer possesses complete information about the prices of the goods in the market. An indifference curve shows the different consumption points between two goods that give the same utility. This is the point called the Optimal Portfolio.
What is Indifference Curve? definition, assumptions and illustratuon
An indifference curve is a graphical representation of a combined products that gives similar kind of satisfaction to a consumer thereby making them indifferent. Description: Bank rates influence lending rates of commercial banks. The image provided shows what an indifference curve looks like: This indifference curve shows two demand lines to compare, as well as four price points consumers can make. If someone had 10 left ice skates and 10 right skates, but they wanted to purchase 100 right ice skates, the utility would still be the same related to the 10 left ice skates. Indifference curves assume that individuals have stable and ordered preferences and seek to maximize their utility.